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Judicial Watch • 2. UN DPI NGO Meeting re International Day for Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons SEPT 26 2016

2. UN DPI NGO Meeting re International Day for Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons SEPT 26 2016

2. UN DPI NGO Meeting re International Day for Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons SEPT 26 2016

Page 1: 2.  UN DPI NGO Meeting re International Day for Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons SEPT 26 2016

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Date Created:December 19, 2016

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Tags:Elimination, Commemoration, Day, NGO, Sept, weapons, Treaty, DPI, Nuclear, Nation, assembly, Russian, 2016, International, September, president, meeting, Obama, states, united


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United Nation Commemoration the International Day
for the Total Elimination Nuclear Weapons
The Commemoration the International Day for the Total Elimination Nuclear
Weapons was established the General Assembly 2013 resolution calling for
the urgent commencement negotiations the Conference Disarmament
comprehensive convention nuclear weapons prohibit their possession, development,
production, acquisition, testing, stockpiling, transfer and use threat use, and
provide for their destruction. Today meeting was called accordance with Assembly
resolution 70/34 adopted December 2015, the President the General
Assembly.1
This high-level plenary meeting was held United Nations Headquarters New York September 26, 2016, and was attended over seventy state delegations and nongovernmental organizations, with forty-two Member States, well handful civil
society representatives, offering formal statements behalf their country
organization position the movement towards the total elimination nuclear
weapons.2 Judicial Watch NGO representative was attendance this commemoration
associate member the Department Public Information (DPI/NGO).3
His Excellency, Mr. Peter Thomson, President the 71st Session the General
Assembly, provided the primary objective the commemoration stating, part:
Today day that reminds the disastrous consequences the use
nuclear weapons the death and destruction that they can immediately
cause; the longer-term damage the environment, climate, human health,
and sustainable development; and the existential threat humanity that
they ultimately pose. heartened see many you here today, and
represented such high levels. gives hope and assurance that the
international community remains committed pursuing this critical, News Centre, International Day, renews call for global elimination nuclear weapons,
http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=55119#.WEGni-YrLcd, accessed 12/2/16.
UNODA, International Day for the Total Elimination Nuclear Weapons, September 30, 2016,
https://www.un.org/disarmament/update/international-day-for-the-total-elimination-of-nuclear-weaponsseptember-26th/, accessed 12/2/16.
Judicial Watch associated with the United Nations Department Public Information (UN-DPI)
nongovernmental organization, whose mission promote transparency, accountability and integrity
government, politics and the law. fulfills its educational mission through litigation, investigations, and
public outreach. Its International Program serves integral part its educational program. Since 2001, has been meeting with delegations from all over the world who participate U.S. State Departmentsponsored leadership programs.
United Nation Commemoration the International Day for the Total Elimination
Nuclear Weapons, September 26, 2016
longstanding issue. now goes without saying, that long
nuclear weapons continue exist, the threat they pose humanity
whether through intentional use accidental remains unacceptably
high And cannot underestimate the determination non-State
actors gain access nuclear weapons, and deliberately cause damage
and suffering the largest scale possible. must redouble our
efforts find just and fair solution address the differing views
Member States, that real progress nuclear disarmament can made,
and ultimately, global consensus reached. While this not easy task,
with determination, open minds, and political will possible.4
The numerous statements offered Member States and civil society representatives over
the course the commemoration fell into three general categories: those aligned with
the movement towards the total elimination nuclear weapons and the implementation legal proceedings against states continuing the pursuit and possession nuclear
weapons; those calling for continued negotiations and incremental movement toward
nuclear disarmament and arms reductions and the peaceful use nuclear technology; and those opposing allegations made against them (nuclear weapons states) noncompliance with the objectives the Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Test-Ban
Treaty and stridently opposing the move towards the creation legally binding
instrument for the prohibition and total elimination nuclear weapons.
The following statements given representatives Member States and civil society
the commemoration best illustrate the three categories above and the current state
affairs the move towards nuclear weapons free world. Member states aligned with the movement towards the total elimination nuclear
weapons. The Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Libya, South Africa, Costa Rica, Uruguay,
Guatemala, Malaysia, the Marshall Islands, Bangladesh, Sudan, well civil society
groups include the Holy See and the International Coalition Against Nuclear Weapons
(ICANW) provided statements support this position. The following statement
ICANW was the most informative those pursuing legally binding instrument for this
purpose: Web TV, The Live On-demand, (Part High-level plenary meeting commemorate and
promote the International Day for the Total Elimination Nuclear Weapons, Statement H.E. Mr. Peter
Thomson, President the 71st Session the General Assembly, September 26, 2016, http://webtv.un
.org/search/part-1-high-level-plenary-meeting-to-commemorate-and-promote-the-international-day-for-thetotal-elimination-of-nuclear-eapons/5143433149001?term=International%20Day %20for%20the%20Total
%20Elimination%20of%20Nuclear%20Weapons, accessed 12/2/16.
United Nation Commemoration the International Day for the Total Elimination
Nuclear Weapons, September 26, 2016
Susan Southward the International Coalition against Nuclear Weapons
noted that, the final session the Open-ended Working Group,5
107 States had supported the convening conference 2017
negotiate legally binding instrument prohibiting nuclear weapons
leading towards their total elimination. Even though the last survivors the [sic] Hiroshima and Nagasaki were now passing away, was
important remember the devastating effects the atomic bombs.
memory the hundreds thousands who died years ago and the
years that followed, she said, may their courage, strength and
perseverance infuse with these same qualities that every nation finds
within itself the courage eliminate nuclear weapons home and
advocate for this mission across the globe (emphasis original).6 Member states calling for continued negotiations and incremental movement toward
nuclear disarmament and arms reductions and the peaceful use nuclear technology.
Germany, the Ukraine, India, Mexico, Argentina, Japan, Egypt, Nicaragua, and the
Permanent Observer the League Arab States offered statements that are most
closely aligned this position. Most illustrative this position was the following
statement given Germany:
Patricia Flor, Director-General for International Order, the United Nations
and Arms Control Germany, said world without nuclear weapons was shared vision, yet, despite all efforts, existing arsenals remained major
obstacle the way reaching global zero With other partners,
Germany had advocated for step-by-step approach towards effective and
verifiable disarmament. The next steps forward should include another
substantial arm [sic] control agreement between the United States and the
Russian Federation, which together controlled more than per cent the
The United Nations General Assembly voted December 2015 set working group that will
develop legal measures, legal provisions and norms for achieving nuclear-weapon-free world. This new body which has the backing 138 nations widely expected focus its efforts devising the
elements for treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons outright. can, international campaign abolish nuclear
weapons, New working group nuclear disarmament, February 15, 2016, http://www.icanw.org
/campaign-news/new-un-working-group-to-discuss-elements-for-a-treaty-banning-nuclear-weapons/,
accessed 12/2/16.)
South-Side News, BOLSTERED POLITICAL WILL MUST RESTART PUSH FOR TOTAL
ELIMINATION NUCLEAR WEAPONS, SPEAKERS TELL HIGH-LEVEL GENERAL ASSEMBLY
MEETING, General Assembly Meeting Coverage, September 26, 2016, http://www.southsouthnews
.com/inside-the-un/un-features/521-main-bodies/general-assembly-meeting-coverage/112903-bolsteredpolitical-will-must-restart-push-for-total-elimination-of-nuclear-weapons-speakers-tell-high-level-generalassembly-meeting, accessed 12/2/16.
United Nation Commemoration the International Day for the Total Elimination
Nuclear Weapons, September 26, 2016
global stockpile. United States President Barack Obama had made
proposals that regard, but, far, there had been positive response.7 Member States opposing allegations against them (nuclear weapons states) noncompliance with the objectives the Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Test-Ban Treaty
and stridently opposing the move towards the creation legally binding instrument for
the prohibition and total elimination nuclear weapons. The Democratic People
Republic Korea, China, and the Russian Federation provided statements support
this position. Most descriptive this position was the following statement given the
Russian Federation:
Vladimir Voronkov said his Government had made significant cuts
and reductions its arsenals, strategic weapons and missiles, and
stockpiles, and had made advances its commitments contained the
Treaty between the United States America and the Russian Federation Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation Strategic
Offensive Arms. Freeing the world from weapons mass destruction was
one the most important pillars his Government foreign policy.
While the Russian Federation respected the opinion those rejecting
nuclear weapons, the central issue was achieve stability without letting
the world fall into chaos emphasized. Anti-nuclear radicals wanted prohibit nuclear weapons, said. The priority should not ban, but
serious joint work move towards equal and fair security for all States. that end, the international community already had all the required
instruments. The initiation alternative fora ban nuclear weapons
would therefore counterproductive, said, noting that the Russian
Federation would not participate such dubious events, which would
only undermine established commitments.8
From the statements given various representatives Member States and civil society the commemoration, there clearly divide between states that possess nuclear
weapons and those that not. The nuclear weapons states are opposed the apparent
strong-arm tactic the non-nuclear states towards the creation legally binding
instrument prohibiting nuclear weapons leading towards their total elimination. And
implied their statements, the divide has more with inherent distrust the
political ambitions rival states than the desire maintain nuclear arsenals. India,
prime example, nuclear weapons state associated with the Non-Aligned Movement9
and has called for the total elimination nuclear weapons:
Id., South-Side News.
Id.
The Non-Aligned Movement was formed during the Cold War, largely the initiative then-Yugoslav
President Josip Broz Tito, organization States that did not seek formally align themselves with
United Nation Commemoration the International Day for the Total Elimination
Nuclear Weapons, September 26, 2016
India had been unwavering its support for universal and nondiscriminatory nuclear disarmament and the complete elimination
nuclear weapons and all weapons mass destruction. was convinced
that disarmament could achieved through step-by-step process
underwritten universal commitment and agreed multilateral
framework. Meaningful dialogue was needed among all States possessing
nuclear weapons order build trust and confidence and reduce the
role such weapons international affairs and security doctrines.
She regretted say that the Conference Disarmament had been unable take forward proposal, supported the General Assembly, for the
negotiation convention the prohibition and use nuclear weapons for proposal for comprehensive convention. She hoped that today
meeting would enhance public awareness about the threat posed such
weapons and the need for their total elimination.10 former President Ronald Reagan famously said his INF Treaty negotiations with
Russia General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev between 1984 and 1987, Trust, but
verify (Doveryai, proveryai) Russian proverb taught him Suzanne Massie, expert Russian culture.11 And appears that things haven changed much since
those negotiations. Trust will always remain wholly dependent the viability
verification. With the development reliable verification procedures and the growing
concern that WMD could fall into the hands non-state actors there renewed
impetus for progress towards the goal nuclear-weapons-free world. Yet and
always will remain tight-rope walk between trust and verification.
Judicial Watch mission the promotion transparency and accountability
government, politics, and the law cornerstone good governance the most
influential nation the world, the United States America. set forth its Mission
Statement, through its educational endeavors, Judicial Watch advocates high standards ethics and morality the nation public life and seeks ensure that political and
judicial officials not abuse the powers entrusted them the American people.
Judicial Watch fulfills its educational mission through litigation, investigations, and
public outreach. The International Program integral part its educational
program.
either the United States the Soviet Union, but sought remain independent neutral. The basic concept
for the group originated 1955 during discussions that took place the Asia-Africa Bandung Conference
held Indonesia. Subsequently, preparatory meeting for the First NAM Summit Conference was held
Cairo, Egypt from 5-12 June 1961. (NTI, Building Safer World, Non-Aligned Movement (NAM),
http://www.nti.org/learn/treaties-and-regimes/non-aligned-movement-nam/, accessed 12/2/16.)
Id., South-Side News.
Wikipedia, Trust, but verify, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trust,_but_verify, accessed 12/2/16.
United Nation Commemoration the International Day for the Total Elimination
Nuclear Weapons, September 26, 2016