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Judicial Watch • Brief of Appellants – Phillips, et. al v. Board of Trustees Montgomery College

Brief of Appellants – Phillips, et. al v. Board of Trustees Montgomery College

Brief of Appellants – Phillips, et. al v. Board of Trustees Montgomery College

Page 1: Brief of Appellants – Phillips, et. al v. Board of Trustees Montgomery College

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THE
Court Special Appeals ofMaryl-and
September Term 2011
Docket No. 01319
MICHAEL LEE PHILIPS, al.,
Plaintiffs and Appellants,
vs.
BOARD TRUSTEES
MONTGOMERY COLLEGE,
Defendant and Appelleeu Appeal from the Circuit Court
OfMontg0mery County, Judge Mariclsa /. Bernard
BRIEF APPELLANTS
Paul ()rfancdcs
Judicial Watch, Inc.
425 Third Street, S.W. Suite 800
Washington, D.C. 20024
(202) 646-5172
porfancdes@judicialwatchorg
TABLE CONTENTS
STATEMENT THE CASE .......................................................................................... ..l
QUESTION PRESENTED
STATEMENT THE FACTS .......................................................................................
STANDARD REVIEW ............................................................................................... ..6
ARGUMENT. ....................................................................................................... Plaintiffs Complaint Properly Invokes the Long-Standing Right
Maryland Taxpayers Challenge Illegal Ultra Vires Acts
Maryland Public Officials, Not Any Rights Claims Under Federal
Law, the Maryland Code, Maryland Regulations .............................................. The Circuit Court Erred Importing Federal Standards Regarding
Private Rights Actions into Maryland Taxpayer Lawsuit ............................. #417
III. Plaintiffs Have Stated Claim for Injunetive Relief ............................................
CONCLUSION ................................................................................................................ ..20
CERTIFICATE COMPLIANCE.. .22
CERTIFICATE SERVICE ........................................................................................ .23
APPENDIX ...................................................................................................................... ..24
TABLE CASES
Cases Page
Alexander Sandoval,
532 US. 275 (2001) ....................................................................................... ..17,
Baker Montgomery County,
201 Md. App. 642 (201 ...................................................................................... ..8
Baltimore Gill, Md. 375 (1869) ....................................................................................... ..7, 8,13
Baitnott Mayor Baltimore,
356 Md. 226 (1999) ......................................................................................... ..8,15
Bey Moorish Science Temple,
362 Md. 339 (2001) ............................................................................................. ..19
Burgio and Campofeliee, Inc. Slate Dep Labor
107 1000 (2nd Cir. 1997)
Castle Farms Dairy Stores, Inc. Lexington Market/1uth.,
193 Md. 472 (1949)
 
Citizens Planning and IlousingAss County Exec.,
273 Md. 333 (1974)
 
County Exec. Prince George County Doe,
300 Md. 445 (1984) .............................................................................................
First Nat Bank Taylor,
907 F.2d 775 (8th Cir. 1990) ...............................................................................
Frothingham Mellon,
262 U.S. 447 (1923) ............................................................................................. ..18
Ga/Jelli Global Multimedia 77ust, Inc. Western 1nv., LLC,
700 Supp.2d 748 (D. Md. 2010) ...................................................................... ..18
Gara Baltimore,
258 Md. 682 (1970) ......................................................................................... ..8,
Hanlon Levin,
168 Md. 674 (1935) ........................................................................................... ..l5
Horace Mann League Bd. Public Works,
242 Md. 645 (1966) .............................................................................................
Ill. Ass ofMort. Brokers Office o_/ Banks and Real Estate,
308 F.3d 762 (7th Cir. 2001) ............................................................................. ..12
Irzdep. Living Ctr. Co. Inc. Shewry,
543 F.3d 1050 (9th Cir. 2008) ............................................................................. ..12
Inlet Assocs. Assateague Home Condo. Ass
313 Md.413 (1988) ............................................................................................ ..15
James Anderson, 281 Md. 137 (1977) ........................................................................ ..15
Konig Baltimore, 126 Md. 606 (1915) ........................................................................ ..15
League Women Voters Blackwell,
340 Supp.2d 823 (N. Ohio 2004) ................................................................
Mayor Baltimore Employers Assoc. Maryland, Inc.,
162 124 (1932) .............................................................................................. .15
McKaig 1/. Cumberland,
208 (1955) ......................................................................................... ..14,
Miller County Commissioners Carroll County,
226 Md. 105 (1961) ............................................................................................. ..14
Murray Comptroller the Treasury,
241 Md. 383 (1966) ...................................................................................... ..11,
Painter Mattfeldt,
119 Md. 466 (1913) ............................................................................................. ..12
Peter Prettyman, Md. 566 (1884) ............................................................................................... ..14
iii _ag2
Pressman Barnes,
209 Md. 544 (1956) ...........................................................................................
Pressman Alesandro,
211 Md. (1956) Tel. Co. Municipality ofGuayanilla,
450 F.3d 9(1st Cir. 2006) ..12
Qwest Corp. City ofSanta Fe,
380 F.3d 1258 (10th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................... ..12
Reichs Ford Rd. Joint Venture State Rds. Comm
388 Md, 500 (2005) ............................................................................................... ..6
Renshaw Grace,
155 Md, 294 (1928) .............................................................................................
Southwestern Bell Tel, L.P. City 0fHoust0n,
529 F.3d 257 (5th Cir, 2008) ............................................................................... ..12
St. Thomas St, John Hotel and Tourism Ass Virgin Islands,
218 F.3d 232 (3d Cir. 2000) ................................................................................ ..12
Sugarloaf Citizens Assoc. Inc. Gudis,
319 Md. 585 (1990) ............................................................................................. ..16
Thomas Howard County,
261 Md. 422 (1971) ......................................................................................... ..9,15
Toll Moreno,
284 Md. 425 (1979) 
 
Valle Pressman,
229 Md. 591 (1962) ............................................................................................. .,14
Village West eld Welch
170 F.3d 116 (2nd Cir. 1999) ..............................................................................
Weller :/Iueller,
120 Md. 633 (1913) ............................................................................................. ..14
Western Air Lines, Inc, PartAuthurzty New York and New Jersey
817 222 (2nd Cir. 1987) ..............................................................
 
120 Fayette St., LLLP Mayor 0fBaltimore,
407 Md. 253 (2009)
..l6,20
/20 Fayette St., LLLP 12. Mayor oflialtimore,
2012 Md.Ll1lXlS 255 (April 27, 2012) ......................................................... ..l6,
Constitutional Provisions
Md. Const. Dccl. Rights, art. ........................................................................................
US. Const., art. VI, cl. ................................................................................................ ..11
Statutes, Rules, and Regulations
Md. Code Ann., Educ. 163105 7,11
Md. Code Regs. l3B.07.02.03
 
Md. Code Rcgs. l3B.07.02.03(c) ................................................................................... ..7
8U,S.C. 1621 ................................................................................................ ..7,10,11,13 U.S.C. 1621(d) ............................................................................................................ ..4
2011 Md. Laws, ch. 191 ..................................................................................................... ..5
Miscellaneous Op. /tt Gen. Md. .................................................................................................. ..5
STATEMENT THE CASE this taxpayer action, Montgomery County taxpayers Michael lee Philips,
Patricia Fenati, and David Drake Plaintiffs invoke the longstanding, common law
right Maryland taxpayers bring suit enjoin illegal and ultra vires acts Maryland
public officials. Speci cally, Plaintiffs challenge the policy Defendant Board
Trustees Montgomery College Defendant allowing recent graduates
Montgomery County public high schools the public bene ofpaying reduced, in-county
tuition Montgomery College regardless their lawful place residence status
unlawfully present aliens. Plaintiffs lawsuit alleges that Defendant policy illegal and
ultra vires under both federal law and Maryland law. Plaintiffs lawsuit also alleges that
Defendant illegal and ultra vires tuition policy has caused and will continue cause
taxpayers suffer pecuniary injury.
The Circuit Court for Montgomery County Circuit Court dismissed Plaintiffs 
lawsuit ruling that seriously erodes the rights Maryland taxpayers Challenge
illegal and ultra vires acts Maryland public officials. contravention ofmore than
150 years precedent, the Circuit Court held that taxpayers must possess private right action addition their rights taxpayers order enjoin unlawful ultra vires
acts ofMaryland public officials that cause injury the public fisc. holding, the
Circuit Court confused taxpayers longstanding common law right challenge public
officials illegal ultra vires acts with the provisions law that make the officials 
conduct unlawful ultra vires. Consequently, thejudgmcnt ofthe Circuit Court must
vacated and this matter must remanded for further proceedings.
QUESTION PRES TED
Whether taxpayers invoking the longstanding common law right Maryland
taxpayers challenge illegal ultra vires acts Maryland public officials that 
likely cause pecuniary injury also must possess separate private right action
order entitled declaratory injunetive relief.
STATEMENT THE FACTS
Plaintiffs are taxpayers and long time residents Montgomery County. Record
Extract E__ 12. Defendant the governing body Montgomery College,
public community college located Montgomery County, Maryland. Id.
Montgomery College governing body, Defendant empowered exercise general
control over the college and adopt reasonable and lawful rules, regulations, and
policies for the operation ofthe college. Id. public community college, Montgomery College relies primarily
appropriations state and county tax dollars, well student tuition and fees, for its
revenue. 13. Appropriations state and county tax dollars account for approximately
one half olMontgomcry College revenue. Id. contrast, tuition and fees paid
students constitute less than quarter ofthc collcgc revenue. Id.
Under Maryland law, the tuition charged student who attends community L,. ..