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StatisticalAbstract2009

StatisticalAbstract2009

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Map the United States, Showing Census Regions and Divisions  Pacific Alaska Washington Montana Mountain WEST North Dakota South Dakota Minnesota Wisconsin Michigan West North Central East North Central MIDWEST New York Maine Massachusetts Rhode Island New Hampshire Vermont Middle Atlantic New England NORTHEAST Oregon Idaho Wyoming Nebraska Iowa Illinois Indiana Ohio Pennsylvania West Virginia  New Jersey Connecticut Delaware California Nevada Utah Colorado  Kansas  Missouri Kentucky Virginia District Columbia Maryland  North Carolina Oklahoma Arkansas  Tennessee Arizona New Mexico Mississippi Georgia  South Carolina  Alabama 
Texas  Louisiana  Florida  
Hawaii LEGEND  West South Central  East South Central  South Atlantic  
WEST Pacific  Census Region Census Division  SOUTH  
Source: U.S. Census Bureau  

Ian OBrien was responsible for the technical supervision and coordination this volume under the direction Lars Johanson, Chief, Statistical Compendia Branch. Assisting the research and analytical phases assigned sections and the development aspects new tables were Richard Kersey, Jean Mullin, and Michael Sellner. Catherine Lavender provided primary editorial assistance. Other editorial assistance was rendered April Harris, Connie Nadzadi, and Virginia Zamaitis. 
Maps were designed and produced Connie Beard and Jessica Dobrowolski the Cartographic Products Management Branch within the Geography Division. 
Catherine Raymond, Theodora Forgione, Linda Chen, and Diane Oliff-Michael the Administrative and Customer Services Division, Francis Grailand Hall, Chief, provided publications and printing management, graphics design and composition, and editorial review for print and electronic media. General direction and production management were provided Claudette Bennett, Assistant Division Chief, and Wanda Cevis, Chief, Publications Services Branch. 
The cooperation many contributors this volume gratefully acknowledged. The source note below each table credits the various government and private sector agencies that have collaborated furnishing the information for the Statistical Abstract. 
Preface 

The Statistical Abstract the United well more historical data are avail-
States, published since 1878, the standard summary statistics the social, political, and economic organization the United States. designed serve convenient volume for statistical reference and guide other statistical publications and sources. The latter function served the introductory text each section, the source note appearing below each table, and Appendix which comprises the Guide Sources Statistics, the Guide State Statistical Abstracts, and the Guide Foreign Statistical Abstracts. 
This volume includes selection data from many statistical sources, both government and private. Publications cited sources usually contain additional statistical detail and more comprehensive discussions definitions and concepts. Data not available publications issued the contributing agency but obtained from the Internet unpublished records are identified the source notes. More information the subjects covered the tables noted may generally obtained from the source. 
Except indicated, figures are for the United States presently constituted. Although emphasis the Statistical Abstract primarily given national data, many tables present data for regions and individual states and smaller number for metropolitan areas and cities. Appendix II, Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: Concepts, Components, and Population, presents explanatory text, complete current listing and population data for metropolitan and micropolitan areas defined December 2006. Statistics for the Commonwealth Puerto Rico and for island areas the United States are included many state tables and are supplemented information Section 29. Additional information for states, cities, counties, metropolitan areas, and other small units, 
able various supplements the Abstract (see inside back cover). 
Statistics this edition are generally for the most recent year period available summer 2008. Each year over 1,400 tables and charts are reviewed and evaluated; new tables and charts current interest are added, continuing series are updated, and less timely data are condensed eliminated. Text notes and appendices are revised appropriate. addition, three special featuresHistorical Statistics, State Rankings, and USA Statistics Briefcan found our Web site: . 
Changes this editionThis year have introduced new tables covering wide range subject areas. These cover variety topics including: religious composition U.S. population, assisted reproductive technology, military retirement system, labor violations, aquaculture products sold, homeowner and rental vacancy rates state, and expenditures for wildlife-related recreation. For complete list new tables, see section titled New Tables, xi. 
Statistical Abstract other media The Abstract available the Internet and CD-ROM. Both versions contain the same material the book, except for few copyrighted tables for which did not receive permission release these formats. Our Internet site  contains this 2009 edition plus earlier editions Adobe Acrobat .pdf format. Spreadsheet files for each table the book are also available the Web site and CD-ROM (free distribution single copies request). many cases, the spreadsheet files show more years and/or subject/geographical detail. 
Statistics for states and metropolitan areasExtensive data for states and metropolitan areas the United States can 

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 
found the State and Metropolitan Area Data Book: 2006. This publication minus some data items, well selected rankings the states and metropolitan areas, available our Internet site . 
Statistics for counties and cities Extensive data for counties can found the County and City Data Book: 2007. features 175 data items covering everything from age and agriculture retail trade and water use for all states and counties with U.S. totals for comparison. Also included are approximately data items for cities with populations 25,000 more. Six tables present nearly additional data items from the 2005 American Community Survey for 242 incorporated places with populations 100,000 more. 
This publication available our Internet site  (tentative). For database with over 6,000 county items, check out USA Counties . 
Limitations the dataThe contents this volume were taken from many sources. All data from censuses and surveys from administrative records are subject error arising from number factors: Sampling variability (for statistics based samples), reporting errors the data for individual units, incomplete coverage, nonresponse, imputations, and processing error. (See also Appendix III, 897.) The Census Bureau cannot accept the responsibility for the accuracy limitations the data presented here, other than those for which collects. The responsibility for selection the material and for proper presentation, however, rests with the Census Bureau. 
For additional information data presentedPlease consult the source publications available local libraries write the agency indicated the source notes. Write the Census Bureau only cited the source. 
Suggestions and commentsUsers the Statistical Abstract and its supplements (see inside back cover) are urged make their data needs known for consideration planning future editions. Suggestions and comments for improving coverage and presentation data should sent the Director, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, 20233. 

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 

Contents 

[Numbersfollowingsubjectsarepagenumbers] 
NewTables........................................................ 
GuidetoTabularPresentation ......................................... xiv 
TelephoneandInternetContacts....................................... xvi 

Sec. Population (Tables176)...................................... 
Estimatesandprojectionsbyage,sex,race,andHispanicorigin............... 
States,metropolitanareas,cities....................................... 
Mobilitystatus..................................................... 
Profilesofelderly,racial,andHispanic-originpopulations.................... 
Nativeandforeign-bornpopulations.................................... 
Immigration....................................................... 
Ancestry,languages................................................. 
Maritalstatusandhouseholds......................................... 
Religion.......................................................... 

Sec. Births, Deaths, Marriages, and Divorces (Tables77123) .......... 
Births............................................................ 
Lifeexpectancy .................................................... 
Deaths........................................................... 
Marriagesanddivorces .............................................. 

Sec. Health and Nutrition (Tables124210) .......................... 
NationalHealthExpenditureAccounts................................... 
Medicare,Medicaid,andSCHIP......................................... 100 
Healthinsurance ................................................... 105 
Employment....................................................... 109 
Hospitals......................................................... 113 
Healthmeasures ................................................... 127 
Foodconsumption,nutrition.......................................... 133 

Sec. Education (Tables211294).................................... 137 
Schoolenrollment .................................................. 139 
Educationalattainment............................................... 145 
Technologyinschools............................................... 163 
Degreesconferred.................................................. 181 

Sec. Law Enforcement, Courts, and Prisons (Tables295343)........... 185 
Crimerates ....................................................... 188 
Courts........................................................... 201 
Juveniles,childabuse................................................ 204 
Prisonersandinmates............................................... 207 

Sec. Geography and Environment (Tables344379) ................... 211 
Landandwater .................................................... 213 
Airquality ........................................................ 220 
Municipalhazardouswaste ........................................... 221 
Weather.......................................................... 225 

Sec. Elections (Tables380409) .................................... 235 
Voteresults ....................................................... 237 
Campaignfinances.................................................. 255 

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 
Sec. State and Local Government Finances and Employment 
(Tables410450) ................................................. 257 
Governmentalunits................................................. 259 
Aidtostateandlocalgovernments..................................... 261 
Stateandlocalgovernments .......................................... 265 
Stategovernmentfinances............................................ 278 
Localgovernmentfinances............................................ 284 
Employmentandpayroll ............................................. 292 

Sec. Federal Government Finances and Employment (Tables451484) ... 299 Budgetreceipts,outlays,debt......................................... 302 Incometaxes...................................................... 309 Federalemploymentandpayroll ....................................... 318 
Sec. 10. National Security and Veterans Affairs (Tables485518).......... 321 
Nationaldefenseoutlays............................................. 324 
Militarymanpower.................................................. 326 
Veterans.......................................................... 332 
Homelandsecurity.................................................. 334 

Sec. 11. Social Insurance and Human Services (Tables519566)........... 339 
Governmenttransferpayments........................................ 343 
Socialsecurity ..................................................... 346 
Publicaid,federalfoodprograms ...................................... 356 
Childcare,childsupport ............................................. 358 

Sec. 12. Labor Force, Employment, and Earnings (Tables567644) ........ 365 
Laborforcestatus .................................................. 369 
Multiplejobholding ................................................. 381 
Occupations....................................................... 384 
Projections........................................................ 389 
Employeesandearnings ............................................. 399 
Benefits.......................................................... 414 
Injuries........................................................... 416 
Unionmembership.................................................. 419 

Sec. 13. Income, Expenditures, Poverty, and Wealth (Tables645701)...... 421 
Grossdomesticproduct.............................................. 425 
Personalincome.................................................... 433 
Consumerexpenditures.............................................. 438 
Moneyincome..................................................... 442 
Stateincomeandpoverty............................................. 450 
Povertystatus ..................................................... 452 
Wealth ........................................................... 458 

Sec. 14. Prices (Tables702721)...................................... 461 
Consumerpriceindex ............................................... 465 
Costoflivingindex................................................. 469 
Producerpriceindex ................................................ 474 

Sec. 15. Business Enterprise (Tables722768).......................... 481 
Soleproprietors,partnerships,corporations .............................. 483 
Establishments,employees,payroll..................................... 491 
Women-andminority-ownedbusinesses................................. 498 
Bankruptcy,patents................................................. 499 
Investment,capitalexpenditures....................................... 501 
Economicindicators................................................. 504 
Corporateprofits................................................... 506 
Multinationals ..................................................... 507 

viii TableofContents 
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 
Sec. 16. Science and Technology (Tables769792)....................... 509 
RDfunds,outlays.................................................. 510 
Scienceandengineeringdegrees....................................... 515 
Scienceandengineeringemployment ................................... 518 
Spaceprogram..................................................... 520 

Sec. 17. Agriculture (Tables793835) ................................. 521 
Farmsandfarmland................................................. 523 
Farmbalancesheet,income........................................... 525 
Foreigntrade...................................................... 529 
Crops,livestock.................................................... 532 

Sec. 18. Natural Resources (Tables836880)........................... 541 
Timber,lumber..................................................... 544 
Fishery........................................................... 549 
Petroleum,naturalgas,coal........................................... 557 

Sec. 19. Energy and Utilities (Tables881918).......................... 563 
Energyconsumption,expenditures ..................................... 566 
Crudeoil ......................................................... 573 
Nuclear .......................................................... 575 
Electricpower ..................................................... 576 
Gasutilities ....................................................... 582 

Sec. 20. Construction and Housing (Tables919963) .................... 585 
Constructionspending............................................... 588 
Homesales ....................................................... 595 
Homeownership.................................................... 604 
Homeremodeling................................................... 611 

Sec. 21. Manufactures (Tables9641003).............................. 613 
Manufacturingsummary ............................................. 616 
Industryreportsbysubjectandsubsector................................ 627 
Consumerelectronics................................................ 632 

Sec. 22. Wholesale and Retail Trade (Tables10041023).................. 637 
Wholesaletrade.................................................... 640 
Retailtrade........................................................ 643 

Sec. 23. Transportation (Tables10241085)............................ 651 
Transportationsystem............................................... 656 
Airtransportation................................................... 661 
Porttraffic........................................................ 666 
Motorvehicleregistration ............................................ 673 
Motorvehicleaccidents.............................................. 677 
Transitridership.................................................... 685 

Sec. 24. Information and Communications (Tables10861124)............ 691 
Informationindustries............................................... 693 
Mediausage....................................................... 695 
Newspapers....................................................... 697 
Books............................................................ 699 
Recordingmedia ................................................... 702 
Telecommunications................................................. 705 
Internetaccessanduse.............................................. 709 

Sec. 25. Banking, Finance, and Insurance (Tables11251187)............. 713 
Establishments,receipts.............................................. 715 
Flowoffunds,financialassets,andliabilities.............................. 716 
Financialinstitutions ................................................ 719 

TableofContents 
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 
Sec. 25. Banking, Finance, and InsuranceCon. 
Paymentinstruments,creditanddebitcards.............................. 723 
Consumercredit,mortgagedebt....................................... 725 
Moneystock,interestrates ........................................... 728 
Stocksandbonds,equityownership,mutualfunds......................... 729 
Insurance,realestate................................................ 738 

Sec. 26. Arts, Recreation, and Travel (Tables11881232)................. 741 
Employees,establishments,andpayroll.................................. 742 
Performingarts .................................................... 745 
Leisureactivities ................................................... 747 
Sports ........................................................... 750 
Parksandwildlifeactivities........................................... 755 
Travel............................................................ 759 

Sec. 27. Accommodation, Food Services, and Other Services 
(Tables12331245)............................................... 763 
Professional,scientific,andtechnicalservices............................. 768 
Administrativeandsupportandwastemanagement........................ 770 

Sec. 28. Foreign Commerce and Aid (Tables12461271).................. 773 
Internationaltransactions............................................. 776 
Foreigninvestments................................................. 780 
Foreigngrantsandcredits............................................ 784 
Exportsandimports................................................. 787 

Sec. 29. Puerto Rico and the Island Areas (Tables12721284)............. 797 

Sec. 30. International Statistics (Tables12851361)..................... 803 
Worldmaps ....................................................... 806 
Worldpopulation;vitalstatistics ....................................... 813 
Economicmeasures................................................. 825 
Laborforce........................................................ 833 
Agriculture........................................................ 836 
Energy........................................................... 840 
Finance .......................................................... 848 

Appendix 
GuidetoSourcesofStatistics.......................................... 857 
GuidetoStateStatisticalAbstracts...................................... 871 
GuidetoForeignStatisticalAbstracts.................................... 875 

Appendix II. 
MetropolitanandMicropolitanStatisticalAreas:Concepts,Components, andPopulation.................................................. 877 
Appendix III. 
LimitationsoftheData............................................... 897 

Appendix IV. 
WeightsandMeasures............................................... 921 

Appendix 
TablesDeletedFromthe2008EditionoftheStatisticalAbstract............... 923 

Index............................................................ 925 TableofContents 
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 

New Tables 

Table Page number number 
Sec. POPULATION ................................................ Refugee Arrivals and Individuals Granted Asylum Country Nationality: 
2005to2007..................................................... Group Quarters Population Type Group Quarter and Selected Character
istics:2006....................................................... ReligiousCompositionofU.S.Population:2007.......................... 

Sec. BIRTHS, DEATHS, MARRIAGES, AND DIVORCES ................. Infants Who Were Ever Breastfed Maternal Age and Race-Ethnicity: 
19992006....................................................... Outcomes Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Procedures: 2000 
2005............................................................. AbortionsNumberandRatebyState:2000to2005 ..................... 

Sec. HEALTH AND NUTRITION..................................... 

155 OsteopathicPhysicians:2001to2008.................................. 109 180 Children and Youth With Disabilities Served Selected Programs: 1995 
2006............................................................. 121 181 Children Under Years Age Receiving Special Education Early Interven
tionServices:2006................................................. 122 

Sec. EDUCATION ................................................. 137 

240 Public Schools Using Selected Safety and Security Measures, School Char
acteristics:2000to2006............................................ 156 256 Percentage Students Participating After-School Activities, School 
ActivityandStudentCharacteristics:2005............................. 165 257 Percentage Students Participating Weekly Nonparental After-School Care 
Arrangements, Activities, Arrangement Type, and Student Characteris
tics:2005 ........................................................ 165 

Sec. LAW ENFORCEMENT, COURTS, AND PRISONS ................... 185 

332 Detainees Under the Jurisdiction the Bureau Immigration and Customs Enforcement(ICE):2000to2006..................................... 206 
SEC. GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENT ............................. 211 

345 U.S.-CanadaandU.S.-MexicoBorderLengths............................. 214 
346 CoastlineandShorelineoftheUnitedStatesbyState...................... 214 
347 LargestLakesintheUnitedStates...................................... 215 

SEC. STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT FINANCES AND EMPLOYMENT....................................................... 257 
423 State and Local GovernmentsTotal Revenue and Expenditures State: 2000to2005..................................................... 269 
SEC 10. NATIONAL SECURITY AND VETERANS AFFAIRS ................ 321 

497 MilitaryRetirementSystem:2007...................................... 330 

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 
Table Page number number 
SEC. 11. SOCIAL INSURANCE AND HUMAN SERVICES ................... 339 

519 Selected Payments Individuals Function: 1960 2006 ............... 342 
536 Characteristics U.S. Households Owning IRAs: 2007 .................... 352 
537 Percent Distribution Assets IRAs, Type IRA: 2007 ................ 353 

SEC. 12. LABOR FORCE, EMPLOYMENT, AND EARNINGS ................ 365 

616 Employed Adults Selected Work-Related Formal Learning Activities Form 
ofEmployerSupport:20042005..................................... 404 
630 LaborForceViolations:2003to2007................................... 413 

SEC. 14. PRICES .................................................... 461 

719 Import and Export Price Indexes End-Use Category: 1990 2007 ........ 479 

SEC. 16. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY................................. 509 

776 Academic and Industrial Research and Development (RD) Performed 
State:2005....................................................... 514 783 Science and Engineering (SE) Doctorates State: 2005 and 2006.......... 516 784 Scientists and Engineers Selected Demographic Characteristics: 2006 ..... 517 787 Employment and Earnings Science Engineering (SE) Occupations 
Industry:2006 .................................................... 518 

SEC. 18. NATURAL RESOURCES ...................................... 541 

855 MarketableAquacultureSalesbySpecies:2005 .......................... 550 856 SalesofAquacultureProductsbyType,byState:2005 .................... 550 870 Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks Crude Oil and Petroleum Products: 
2006............................................................. 557 

SEC. 20. CONSTRUCTION AND HOUSING.............................. 585 

944 Homeownership and Rental Vacancy Rates State: 2007.................. 600 
945 Homeownership and Rental Vacancy Rates Metropolitan Area: 2007....... 600 

SEC. 24. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS ...................... 691 

1111 Average Annual Telephone Service Expenditures All Consumer Units: 2001 
to2006.......................................................... 706 1118 Household Internet Usage and Outside the Home, Selected Character
istics:2007....................................................... 709 1119 Household Internet Usage Type Internet Connection and State: 2007.... 710 1124 Online News Consumption, Selected Characteristics: 2000 2008 ....... 712 
SEC. 25. BANKING, FINANCE, AND INSURANCE ........................ 713 

1144 Noncash Payments Method Payment and ATM Cash Withdrawals: 2003 and2006......................................................... 723 
SEC. 26. ARTS, RECREATION, AND TRAVEL............................ 741 

1197 Total State Arts Agency Legislative Appropriations: 2007 2008 ........... 746 
1217 Expenditures for Wildlife-Related Recreation Activities: 2006 ............... 757 
1226 Chain-Type Price Indexes for Direct Tourism Output: 1998 2007 .......... 760 

SEC. 29. PUERTO RICO AND THE ISLAND AREAS....................... 797 

1278 TenurebyHouseholdTypeinPuertoRico:2006.......................... 800 1279 Selected Social, Demographic, and Housing Characteristics Puerto Rico: 
2006............................................................. 800 

xii New Tables 

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 
Table Page number number 
SEC. 30. INTERNATIONAL STATISTICS ................................ 803 

1306 Real GDP per Capita and per Employed Persons, Country: 1980 2006 826 1313 IndexesofLivingCostsAbroad:2008 .................................. 830 1316 Percent Women National Parliaments Country: 2008 ............... 832 1347 Research and Development (RD) Expenditures, Country ................ 847 1356 Household Expenditure Recreation and Culture Percentage GDP: 
1970to2006..................................................... 854 
1357 DevelopmentAssistance,byCountry:2005and2006..................... 854 

New Tables xiii 

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 
Guide Tabular Presentation 
Example Table Structure 

Table 518. Seizure Statistics for Intellectual Property Rights (IPR): 2003 2007 
[In thousands dollars (94,019 represents $94,019,000, except indicated). Customs and Border Protection (CBP) dedicated protecting against the importation goods which infringe/violate Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) devoting substantial resources toward identifying and seizing shipments infringing articles] 
Item  2003  2004  2005  2006  2007  
Number IPR Seizures .......................  6,500  7,255  8,022  14,675  13,657  
Total domestic value IPR seizures1 .............  94,019  138,768  93,235  155,369  196,754  
Selected IPR commodities seized value ($1,000):  
Footwear ................................  2,555  2,049  8,941  63,446  77,781  
Wearing apparel ...........................  13,889  51,737  16,100  24,321  27,006  
Handbags/wallets/backpacks ...................  11,458  23,190  14,955  14,750  14,214  
Computers/hardware ........................ Consumer electronics ......................  (NA) 3,780  1,684 8,880  4,799 8,794  14,288 7,057  9,337 16,042  
Watches/parts............................. Media .................................  3,384 7,358  2,543 5,050  3,071 (NA)  2,832 6,965  13,356 7,884  
All others ................................  51,595  43,636  36,576  21,710  31,134 Not available. Domestic value the cost the seized goods, plus the costs shipping and importing the goods into the U.S. and amount for profit. Consumer electronics includes cell phones and accessories, radios, power strips, electrical tools, and appliances. 3Includes motion pictures tape, laser disc, and DVD; interactive and computer software CD-ROM and floppy discs; and music tape. 
Source: U.S. Department Homeland Security, Customs and Border Protection, Import, Commercial Enforcement, Intellectual Property Rights, Seizure Statistics; . 
Headnotes immediately below table titles Unit indicators show the specified quantiprovide information important for correct ties which data items are presented. interpretation evaluation the table They are used for two primary reasons. whole for major segment it. Sometimes data are not available abso
lute form and are estimates (as the Footnotes below the bottom rule tables case many surveys). other cases give information relating specific items round the numbers order save space figures within the table. show more data, the case above. 

EXAMPLES UNIT INDICATOR INTERPRETATION FROM TABLE 
Year Item Unit Indicator Number shown Multiplier 
2003 ........... Valueofseizures.............. $Thousands ........ 94,019 1,000 Determine the Figure Necessary Multiply the 
Number Shown the Unit Indicator: 

Value seizures Customs and Border Patrol  94,019 $1,000 $94,019,000 ($94 million) 
When table presents data with more than one unit indicator, they are found the headnotes and column headings (Tables and 25), spanner (Table 38), stub (Table 24), unit column (Table 151). When the data table are shown the same unit indicator, shown boldface the first part the headnote (Table 2). unit indicator shown, data presented are absolute form (Table 1). 
Vertical rules are used separate independent sections table (Table 1), tables where the stub continued into one more additional columns (Table 2). 
AveragesAn average single number value that often used represent the typical value group numbers. regarded measure location central tendency group numbers. 
xiv Guide Tabular Presentation The arithmetic mean the type average used most frequently. derived summing the individual item values particular group and dividing the total the number items. The arithmetic mean often referred simply the mean average. 
The median group numbers the middle number value when each item the group arranged according size (lowest highest visa versa); generally has the same number items above well below it. there even number items the group, the median taken the average the two middle numbers. 
Per capita (or per person) quantitiesa per capita figure represents average computed for every person specified group (or population). derived taking the total for item (such income, taxes, retail sales) and dividing 

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 
the number persons the specified population. 
Index numbersAn index number the measure difference change, usually expressed percent, relating one quantity (the variable) specified kind another quantity the same kind. Index numbers are widely used express changes prices over periods time, but may also used express differences between related subjects for single point time. compute price index, base year period selected. The base year price (of the commodity service) then designated the base reference price which the prices for other years periods are related. Many price indexes use the year 1982 the base year; tables this shown 1982 100. method expressing the price relationship is: The price set one more items for related year (e.g. 1990) divided the price the same set items for the base year (e.g. 1982). The result multiplied 100 provides the index number. When 100 subtracted from the index number, the result equals the percent change price from the base year. 
Average annual percent change Unless otherwise stated the Abstract (as Section Population), average annual percent change computed use compound interest formula. This formula assumes that the rate change constant throughout specified compounding period year for average annual rates change). The formula similar that used compute the balance savings account that receives compound interest. According this formula, the end compounding period the amount accrued change (e.g., school enrollment bank interest) added the amount that existed the beginning the period. result, over time (e.g., with each year quarter), the same rate change applied larger and larger figure. 
The exponential formula, which based continuous compounding, often used measure population change. preferred population experts, because they view population and population-related subjects changing without interruption, ever ongoing. Both exponential and compound interest formulas assume constant rate change. The former, however, applies the amount change continuously the base rather than the end each compounding period. When the average annual rates are small (e.g., less than percent) both formulas give virtually the same results. For explanation these two formulas they relate population, see U.S. Census Bureau, The Methods and Materials Demography, Vol. printing (rev.), 1975, pp. 372381. 
Current and constant dollars Statistics some tables number sections are expressed both current and constant dollars (see, e.g., Table 659 Section 13, Income, Expenditures, Poverty, and Wealth). Current dollar figures reflect actual prices costs prevailing during the specified year(s). Constant dollar figures are estimates representing effort remove the effects price changes from statistical series reported dollar terms. general, constant dollar series are derived dividing current dollar estimates the appropriate price index for the appropriate period (e.g., the Consumer Price Index). The result series would presumably exist prices were the same throughout, the base yearin other words, the dollar had constant purchasing power. Any changes this constant dollar series would reflect only changes real volume output, income, expenditures, other measure. 

Explanation Symbols 
The following symbols, used the tables throughout this book, are explained condensed form footnotes the tables where they appear: 
 Represents zero rounds less than half the unit measurement shown. Base figure too small meet statistical 
standards for reliability derived fig
ure. Figure withheld avoid disclosure per
taining specific organization 
individual. Data not enumerated, tabulated, otherwise available separately. Figure does not meet publication stan
dards for reasons other than that cov
ered symbol above. Figure not applicable because column 
heading and stub line make entry 
impossible, absurd, meaningless. Entry would amount less than half the unit measurement shown. many tables, details will not add the totals shown because rounding. 
Guide Tabular Presentation 

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 

Telephone Internet Contacts help Abstract users find more data and information about statistical publications, are issuing this list contacts for federal agencies with major statistical programs. The intent give single, first-contact point-of-entry for users statistics. These agencies will provide general information their statistical programs and publications, well specific information how order their publications. are also including the Internet (World Wide Web) addresses for many these agencies. These URLs were current July 2008. 
Executive Office the President 
Office Management and Budget 
Administrator Office Information and Regulatory 
Affairs Office Management and Budget 725 17th Street, Washington, 20503 Information: 202-395-3080 Internet address: 
http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb 

Department Agriculture 
Economic Research Service 
Information Center 
U.S. Department Agriculture 1800 Street, Washington, 20036-5831 
Information and Publications: 
202-694-5050 
Internet address: http://www.ers.usda.gov/ 

National Agricultural Statistics Service 
National Agricultural Statistics Service USDA-NASS 1400 Independence Ave., Washington, 20250 Information hotline: 1-800-727-9540 Internet address: 
http://www.nass.usda.gov/ 

Department Commerce 
U.S. Census Bureau 
Customer Services Branch 
U.S. Census Bureau 
4600 Silver Hill Road 
Washington, 20233 

Information and Publications: 
1-800-923-8282 
Internet address: 
http://www.census.gov/ 

Bureau Economic Analysis 
Bureau Economic Analysis 1441 Street, Washington, 20230 
Information and Publications: 
202-606-9900 
Internet address: http://www.bea.gov/ 

Department CommerceCon. 
International Trade Administration 
International Trade Administration 1401 Constitution Ave., Washington, 20230 Information: 1-800-872-8723 Internet address: http://trade.gov/ 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Central Library 
U.S. Department Commerce 1315 East-West Highway SSMC3, 2nd Floor Silver Spring, 20910 Library: 301-713-2600 x.124 Internet address: 
http://www.lib.noaa.gov/ 

Department Defense Department Defense Directorate Communications Room 3A750 601 Fairfax Street Alexandria, 22314 Information: 703-428-0711 Internet address: http://www.defenselink.mil 

Department Education 
National Library Education 
U.S. Department Education 400 Maryland Avenue, Washington, 20202 
Education Information and Statistics: 
1-800-872-5327 Education Publications: 1-877-433-7827 Internet address: http://www.ed.gov/ 

Department Energy 
Energy Information Administration 
National Energy Information Center Energy Information Administration 1000 Independence Ave., Washington, 20585 
Information and Publications: 
202-586-8800 

Internet address: 
http://www.eia.doe.gov/ 

xvi Telephone Internet Contacts 
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 
Department Health and Human Services 
Health Resources and Services 
Administration 

HRSA Information Center 
P.O. Box 2910 Merrifield, 22116 Information Center: 1-888-275-4772 Internet address: http://www.hrsa.gov/ 

Substance Abuse and Mental Health 
Services Administration 

Substance Abuse and Mental Health 
Services Administration Choke Cherry Road 
Rockville, 20857 

Information: 240-276-2130 Publications: 1-877-726-4727 Internet address: 
http://www.samhsa.gov/ 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 
Public Inquiries/MASO 1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, 30333 Public Inquiries: 1-800-311-3435 Internet address: http://www.cdc.gov/ 

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) 
U.S. Department Health and Human Services 
7500 Security Boulevard 
Baltimore, 21244 
1-877-267-2323 

Internet address: 
http://www.cms.hhs.gov/ 

National Center for Health Statistics 
National Center for Health Statistics 3311 Toledo Road Hyattsville, 20782 1-800-232-4636 
Internet address: 
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs 

Department Homeland Security 
Office Public Affairs 
245 Murray Lane, 
Washington, 20528 

Information and Publications: 
202-282-8010 
Internet address: http://www.dhs.gov 

Department Housing and Urban Development 
Office the Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development 451 7th St., Washington, 20410 Information: 202-708-1112 Publications: 1-800-767-7468 Internet address: http://www.hud.gov/ 

Department the Interior 
U.S. Geological Survey 
USGS National Center 
12201 Sunrise Valley Drive 
Reston, 20192 

Information and Publications: 
1-888-275-8747 

Internet address for minerals: http://minerals.usgs.gov/ Internet address for other materials: http://ask.usgs.gov/ 

Department Justice 
Bureau Justice Statistics 
Bureau Justice Statistics 
Statistics Division 
810 7th Street, 
Washington, 20531 

Information and Publications: 
1-800-851-3420 
Internet address: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/ 
National Criminal Justice Reference Service 
P.O. Box 6000 Rockville, 20849-6000 Publications: 1-800-851-3420 Internet address: http://www.ncjrs.gov/ 
Federal Bureau Investigation 
Federal Bureau Investigations Edgar Hoover Building 935 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, 20535-0001 Information: 202-324-3000 Internet address: http://www.fbi.gov/ 

Department Labor 
Bureau Labor Statistics 
Office Publications and Special Studies 
Services 
Bureau Labor Statistics 
Postal Square Building Mass. Ave., 
Washington, 20212-0001 
Information and Publications: 
202-691-5200 

Internet address: http://www.bls.gov/ 
Employment and Training Administration 
U.S. Department Labor 
Francis Perkins Building 
200 Constitution Ave., 
Washington, 20210 

Information and Publications: 
1-877-872-5627 
Internet address: http://www.doleta.gov/ 
Telephone Internet Contacts xvii 

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 

Department Transportation 
Federal Aviation Administration 
Federal Aviation Administration 800 Independence Ave., Washington, 20591 
Information and Publications: 
1-866-835-5322 

Internet address: http://www.faa.gov/ Bureau Transportation Statistics 
Bureau Transportation Statistics 1200 New Jersey Avenue, Washington, 20590 Products and Statistical Information: 
1-800-853-1351 
Internet address: http://www.bts.gov/ 

Federal Highway Administration 
Office Public Affairs 
U.S. Department Transportation 1200 New Jersey Avenue, Washington, 20590 Information: 202-366-0660 Internet address: 
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ 

National Highway Traffic Safety 
Administration 

Office Public Consumer Affairs 1200 New Jersey Avenue, West Building Washington, 20590 
Information and Publications: 
1-888-327-4236 
Internet address: http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/ 

Department the Treasury 
Internal Revenue Service 
Statistics Income Division Internal Revenue Service Box 2608 Washington, 20013-2608 
Information and Publications: 
202-874-0410 
Internet address: http://www.irs.gov/taxstats/ 

Department Veterans Affairs 
Department Veterans Affairs 
Office Public Affairs 810 Vermont Ave., Washington, 20420 Information: 202-273-6000 Internet address: http://www.va.gov/ 

Independent Agencies 
Administrative Office the U.S. Courts 
Office Public Affairs Columbia Circle, Washington, 20544 Information: 202-502-2600 Internet address: 
http://www.uscourts.gov/ 

Board Governors the Federal Reserve System 
Division Research and Statistics Federal Reserve System 20th Constitution Avenue, Washington, 20551 Information: 202-452-3000 Publications: 202-452-3245 Internet address: 
http://www.federalreserve.gov/ Environmental Protection Agency 
Environmental Protection Agency Ariel Rios Building 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., Washington, 20460 Publications: 1-800-490-9198 Internet address: http://www.epa.gov/ 
National Science Foundation 
Office Legislation and Public Affairs National Science Foundation 4201 Wilson Boulevard Arlington, Virginia 22230 Information: 703-292-5111 Publications: 703-292-8134 Internet address: http://www.nsf.gov/ 
Securities and Exchange Commission 
Office Public Affairs Securities and Exchange Commission 100 Street, Washington, 20549 Information: 202-942-8088 Publications: 202-551-4040 Internet address: http://www.sec.gov/ 
Social Security Administration 
Social Security Administration Office Public Inquiries 6401 Security Boulevard Baltimore, 21235 
Information and Publications: 
1-800-772-1213 

Internet address: http://www.socialsecurity.gov/ 
xviii Telephone Internet Contacts 
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 

Population 
This section presents statistics the growth, distribution, and characteristics the U.S. population. The principal source these data the U.S. Census Bureau, which conducts decennial census population, monthly population survey, program population estimates and projections, and number other periodic surveys. 
Decennial censusesThe U.S. Constitution provides for census the population every years, primarily establish basis for apportionment members the House Representatives among the states. For over century after the first census 1790, the census organization was temporary one, created only for each decennial census. 1902, the Census Bureau was established permanent federal agency, responsible for enumerating the population and also for compiling statistics other population and housing characteristics. 
Historically, the enumeration the population has been complete (100 percent) count. That is, attempt made account for every person, for each persons residence, and for other characteristics (sex, age, family relationships, etc.). Since the 1940 census, addition the complete count information, some data have been obtained from representative samples the population. the 1990 and 2000 censuses, variable sampling rates were employed. For most the country, every households (about percent) received the long form sample questionnaire; governmental units estimated have fewer than 2,500 inhabitants, every other household (50 percent) received the sample questionnaire enhance the reliability sample data for small areas. Exact agreement not expected between sample data and the 100-percent count. Sample data may used with confidence where large numbers are involved and assumed indicate trends and relationships where small numbers are involved. 
Current Population Survey (CPS)This monthly nationwide survey scientifically selected sample representing the noninstitutionalized civilian population. The sample located 824 areas with coverage every state and the District Columbia and subject sampling error. the present time, about 60,000 occupied households are eligible for interview every month; these, about percent are, for various reasons, unavailable for interview. 
While the primary purpose the CPS obtain monthly statistics the labor force, also serves vehicle for inquiries other subjects. Using CPS data, the Census Bureau issues series publications under the general title Current Population Reports, which cover population characteristics (P20), consumer income (P60), special studies (P23), and other topics. 
Estimates population characteristics based the CPS will not agree with the counts from the census because the CPS and the census use different procedures for collecting and processing the data for racial groups, the Hispanic population, and other topics. Caution should also used when comparing estimates for various years because the periodic introduction changes into the CPS. Beginning January 1994, number changes were introduced into the CPS that effect all data comparisons with prior years. These changes included the results major redesign the survey questionnaire and collection methodology and the introduction 1990 census population controls, adjusted for the estimated undercount. Beginning with the 2001 CPS Annual Demographic Supplement, the independent estimates used control totals for the CPS are based civilian population benchmarks consistent with Census 2000. March 2002, the sample size the Annual Demographic Supplement was increased approximately 78,000. 2003 the name the March supplement was changed Annual Social 
Population 
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 
and Economic Supplement. These changes population controls had relatively little impact derived measures such means, medians, and percent distribution, but did have significant impact levels. 
American Community Survey (ACS)This nationwide survey obtain data about demographic, social, economic, and housing information people, households, and housing units. The survey collects the same type information that has been collected every years from the long-form questionnaire the census, which the American Community Survey will replace. Beginning 2006, the estimates include the household population and the population living institutions, college dormitories, and other group quarters. 
Population estimates and projectionsEstimates the United States population are derived updating the resident population enumerated Census 2000 with information the components population change: births, deaths, and net international migration. The April 2000, population used these estimates reflects modifications the Census 2000 population documented the Count Question Resolution program. 
Registered births and deaths are estimated from data supplied the National Center for Health Statistics. The net international migration component consists four parts: (1) the net international migration the foreign born, (2) the net migration natives and from the United States, (3) the net migration between the United States and Puerto Rico, and (4) the net overseas movement the Armed Forces population. Data from the ACS are used estimate the annual net migration the foreign-born population. Estimates the net migration natives and net migration between Puerto Rico and the United States are derived from the Demographic Analysis and Population Estimates (DAPE) project (see Population Division Working Paper Series, No. and No. 64). Estimates the net overseas movement the Armed Forces are derived from data collected the Defense Manpower Data Center. 
Estimates for state and county areas are based the same components change data and sources the national estimates with the addition net internal migration. Estimates net internal migration are derived from federal income tax returns from the Internal Revenue Service, group quarters data from the Federal-State Cooperative Program, and Medicare data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. 
The population age for April 1990, reflects modifications the 1990 census data counts. The review detailed 1990 information indicated that respondents tended report age the date completion the questionnaire, not April 1990. addition, there may have been tendency for respondents round their age they were close having birthday. detailed explanation the age modification procedure appears 1990 Census Population and Housing, Data Paper Listing CPH-L74. 
Population estimates and projections are available the Census Bureau Internet site . These estimates and projections are consistent with official decennial census figures with adjustment for estimated net census coverage. However, the categories for these estimates and projections race have been modified and are not comparable the census race categories (see section below under Race). For details methodology, see the sources cited below the individual tables. 
ImmigrationImmigration (migration country) one component international migration; the other component emigration (migration from country). its simplest form, international migration defined any movement across national border. the United States, federal statistics international migration are produced primarily the U.S. Census Bureau and the Office Immigration Statistics the U.S. Department Homeland Security (DHS). 
The Census Bureau collects data used estimate international migration through its decennial censuses and numerous surveys the U.S. population. 
The Office Immigration Statistics publishes immigration data annual flow reports and the Yearbook Immigration Population 
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 
Statistics. Data for these publications are collected from several administrative data sources including the DS-230 Application for Immigrant Visa and Alien Registration 
(U.S. 
Department State) for new arrivals, and the I-485 Application Register Permanent Residence Adjust Status 

(U.S. 
Citizenship and Immigration ServicesUSCIS) for persons adjusting immigrant status. immigrant, legal permanent resident, foreign national who has been granted lawful permanent residence the United States. New arrivals are foreign nationals living abroad who apply for immigrant visa consular office the Department State, while individuals adjusting status are already living the United States and file application for adjustment status lawful permanent residence with USCIS. Individuals adjusting status include refugees, asylees, and various classes nonimmigrants. refugee alien outside the United States who unable unwilling return his her country origin because persecution well-founded fear persecution. Asylees must meet the same criteria refugees, but are located the United States port entry. After year residence, refugees and asylees are eligible adjust legal permanent resident status. Nonimmigrants are foreign nationals granted temporary entry into the United States. The major activities for which nonimmigrant admission authorized include temporary visits for business pleasure, academic vocational study, temporary employment, and act representative foreign government international organization. DHS collects information the characteristics proportion nonimmigrant admissions, those recorded the I-94 Arrival/ Departure Record. 
U.S. immigration law gives preferential immigration status persons with close family relationship with U.S. citizen legal permanent resident, persons with needed job skills, persons who qualify refugees asylees, and persons who are from countries with relatively low levels immigration the United States. Immigration the United States can divided into two general categories: (1) classes admission subject the annual worldwide limitation and (2) classes admission exempt from worldwide limitations. Numerical limits are imposed visas issued and not admissions. 2007, the annual limit for preference visas subject limitation was 373,148, which included family-sponsored preference limit 226,000 and employment-based preference limit 147,148. Classes admission exempt from the worldwide limitation include immediate relatives U.S. citizens, refugees and asylees adjusting permanent residence, and other various classes special immigrants (see Table 47). 
Metropolitan and micropolitan areasThe U.S. Office Management and Budget (OMB) defines metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas according published standards that are applied Census Bureau data. The general concept metropolitan micropolitan statistical area that core area containing substantial population nucleus, together with adjacent communities having high degree economic and social integration with that core. Currently defined metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas are based application 2000 standards 2000 decennial census data updated application those standards more recent Census Bureau population estimates. The term metropolitan area (MA) was adopted 1990 and referred collectively metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), consolidated metropolitan statistical areas (CMSAs), and primary metropolitan statistical areas (PMSAs). The term core-based statistical area (CBSA) became effective 2003 and refers collectively metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas. For descriptive details and list titles and components metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas, see Appendix II. 
Urban and ruralFor Census 2000, the Census Bureau classified urban all territory, population, and housing units located within urbanized areas (UAs) and urban clusters (UCs). consists densely settled territory that contains 50,000 more people, while consists densely settled territory with least 2,500 people but fewer than 50,000 
Population 
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 
people. From the 1950 census through the 1990 census, the urban population consisted all people living UAs and most places outside UAs with census population 2,500 more. 
UAs and UCs encompass territory that generally consists of: 
 cluster one more block groups census blocks each which has population density least 1,000 people per square mile the time. 

 
Surrounding block groups and census blocks each which has population density least 500 people per square mile the time. 

 
Less densely settled blocks that form enclaves indentations, are used connect discontiguous areas with qualifying densities. 

They also may include airport located adjacent qualifying densely settled area has annual enplanement (aircraft boarding) least 10,000 people. 
Rural for Census 2000 consists all territory, population, and housing units located outside UAs and UCs. Prior Census 2000, rural consisted all territory, population, and housing outside UAs and outside other places designated urban. For Census 2000, many more geographic entities, including metropolitan areas, counties, and places, contain both urban and rural territory, population, and housing units. 
ResidenceIn determining residence, the Census Bureau counts each person inhabitant usual place residence (i.e., the place where one lives and sleeps most the time). While this place not necessarily persons legal residence voting residence, the use these different bases classification would produce the same results the vast majority cases. 
RaceFor the 1990 census, the Census Bureau collected and published racial statistics outlined Statistical Policy Directive No. issued the OMB. This directive provided standards ethnic and racial categories for statistical reporting used all federal agencies. According the directive, the basic racial categories were American Indian Alaska Native, Asian Pacific Islander, Black, and White. (The directive identified Hispanic origin ethnicity.) The question race for Census 2000 was different from the one for the 1990 census several ways. Most significantly, respondents were given the option selecting one more race categories indicate their racial identities. Because these changes, the Census 2000 data race are not directly comparable with data from the 1990 census earlier censuses. Caution must used when interpreting changes the racial composition the United States population over time. Census 2000 adheres the federal standards for collecting and presenting data race and ethnicity established the OMB October 1997. Starting with Census 2000, the OMB requires federal agencies use minimum five race categories: White, Black African American, American Indian Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian Other Pacific Islander. Additionally, collect data individuals mixed race parentage, respondents were allowed select one more races. For respondents unable identify with any these five race categories, the OMB approved and included sixth category Some other race the Census 2000 questionnaire. The Census 2000 question race included separate response categories and three areas where respondents could write more specific race group. The response categories and write-in answers can combined create the five minimum OMB race categories plus Some other race. People who responded the question race indicating only one race are referred the race alone population, the group that reported only one race category. Six categories make this population: White alone, Black African American alone, American Indian and Alaska Native alone, Asian alone, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, and Some other race alone. Individuals who chose more than one the six race categories are referred the Two More Races population, the group that reported more than one race. Additionally, respondents who reported one race together with those who reported the same race plus one more other races are combined create the race alone combination categories. For example, the White alone combination group consists those respondents who reported Population 
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 
only White who reported White combined with one more other race groups, such White and Black African American, White and Asian and American Indian and Alaska Native. Another way think the group who reported White alone combination the total number people who identified entirely partially White. This group also described people who reported White, whether not they reported any other race. 
The alone combination categories are tallies responses rather than respondents. That is, the alone combination categories are not mutually exclusive. Individuals who reported two races were counted two separate and distinct alone combination race categories, while those who reported three races were counted three categories, and on. Consequently, the sum all alone combination categories equals the number races reported, which exceeds the total population. 
The concept race, used the Census Bureau, reflects self-identification people according the race races with which they most closely identify. These categories are sociopolitical constructs and should not interpreted being scientific anthropological nature. Furthermore, the race categories include both racial and national-origin groups. Additionally, data are available for the American Indian and Alaska Native tribes. detailed explanation race can found . 
Data for the population race for April 2000, (shown Tables and are modified counts and are not comparable Census 2000 race categories. These numbers were computed using Census 2000 data race that had been modified consistent with the 1997 OMBs Revisions the Standards for the Classification Federal Data Race and Ethnicity, (Federal Register Notice, Vol. 62, 210, October 1997). detailed explanation the race modification procedure appears the Census Web page . the CPS and other household sample surveys which data are obtained through personal interview, respondents are asked classify their race as: (1) White; (2) Black, African American, Negro; (3) American Indian Alaska Native; (4) Asian; (5) Native Hawaiian Other Pacific Islander. Beginning January 2003, respondents were allowed report more than one race indicate their mixed racial heritage. 
Hispanic populationThe Census Bureau collected data the Hispanic-origin population the 2000 census using self-identification question. Persons Spanish/Hispanic/Latino origin are those who classified themselves one the specific Hispanic origin categories listed the questionnaireMexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, well those who indicated that they were Other Spanish/ Hispanic/Latino origin. Persons Other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino origin are those whose origins are from Spain, the Spanish-speaking countries Central South America, the Dominican Republic. the CPS, information Hispanic persons gathered using self-identification question. The respondents are first asked whether not they are Hispanic, Spanish, Latino origin and based their response are further classified into the following categories: Mexican Mexican American Chicano; Puerto Rican; Cuban; Central South American; Other Hispanic, Spanish, Latino origin group. 
Traditional and current data collection and classification treat race and Hispanic origin two separate and distinct concepts accordance with guidelines from the OMB. Race and Hispanic origin are two separate concepts the federal statistical system. People who are Hispanic may any race and people each race group may either Hispanic Not Hispanic. Also, each person has two attributes, their race (or races) and whether not they are Hispanic. The overlap race and Hispanic origin the main comparability issue. For example, Black Hispanics (Hispanic Blacks) are included both the number Blacks and the number Hispanics. For further information, see Census Web page . 
Foreign-born and native populationsThe Census Bureau separates the 
Population 
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 
U.S. 
resident population into two groups person living alone group unrebased whether not person was lated persons sharing the same housing 

U.S. 
citizen U.S. national the time unit also counted household. See birth. Anyone born the United States, text, Section 20, Construction and Hous-Puerto Rico, U.S. Island Area (such ing, for definition housing unit. 

Guam) born abroad U.S. citizen parent U.S. citizen the time birth and consequently included the native population. The term foreign-born population refers anyone who not U.S. citizen U.S. national birth. This includes naturalized U.S. citizens, legal permanent resident aliens (immigrants), temporary migrants (such foreign students), humanitarian migrants (such refugees), and people illegally present the United States. The Census Bureau provides variety demographic, social, economic, geographic, and housing information the foreign-born population the United States . 
Mobility statusThe U.S. population classified according mobility status the basis comparison between the place residence each individual the time the survey census and the place residence specified earlier date. Nonmovers are all persons who were living the same house apartment the end the period the beginning the period. Movers are all persons who were living different house apartment the end the period than the beginning the period. Movers are further classified whether they were living the same different county, state, region, were movers from abroad. Movers from abroad include all persons whose place residence was outside the United States (including Puerto Rico, other U.S. Island Area, foreign country) the beginning the period. 
Living arrangementsLiving arrangements refer residency households group quarters. household comprises all persons who occupy housing unit, that is, house, apartment other group rooms, single room that constitutes separate living quarters. household includes the related family members and all the unrelated persons, any, such lodgers, foster children, employees who share the housing unit. Population All persons not living housing units are classified living group quarters. These individuals may institutionalized, e.g., under care custody juvenile facilities, jails, correctional centers, hospitals, nursing homes; they may residents noninstitutional group quarters such college dormitories, group homes, military barracks. 
HouseholderThe householder the person whose name the home owned rented. home owned rented jointly married couple, either the husband the wife may listed first. 
FamilyThe term family refers group two more persons related birth, marriage, adoption and residing together household. family includes among its members the householder. 
SubfamilyA subfamily consists married couple and their children, any, one parent with one more never-married children under years old living household. Subfamilies are divided into related and unrelated subfamilies. related subfamily related to, but does not include, the householder the spouse the householder. Members related subfamily are also members the family with whom they live. The number related subfamilies, therefore, not included the count families. unrelated subfamily may include persons such guests, lodgers, resident employees and their spouses and/or children; none whom related the householder. 
Married coupleA married couple defined husband and wife living together the same household, with without children and other relatives. 
Statistical reliabilityFor discussion statistical collection and estimation, sampling procedures, and measures statistical reliability applicable Census Bureau data, see Appendix III. 
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 

Table Population and Area: 1790 2000 
[Area figures represent area indicated date including some cases considerable areas not then organized settled, and not covered the census. Area data include Alaska beginning 1870 and Hawaii beginning 1900. Total area figures for 1790 1970 have been recalculated the basis the remeasurement states and counties for the 1980 census, but not the basis the 1990 census. The land and water area figures for past censuses have not been adjusted and are not strictly comparable with the total area data for comparable dates because the land areas were derived from different base data, and these values are known have changed with the construction reservoirs, draining lakes, etc. Density figures are based land area measurements reported earlier censuses] 
Census date  Resident population  Area (square miles)  
Number Per square mile land area  Increase over preceding census Number Percent  Total Land Water  
1790 (Aug. 2).......  3,929,214 4.5  (X) (X)  891,364 864,746 24,065  
1800 (Aug. 4).......  5,308,483 6.1  1,379,269 35.1  891,364 864,746 24,065  
1810 (Aug. 6).......  7,239,881 4.3  1,931,398 36.4  1,722,685 1,681,828 34,175  
1820 (Aug. 7).......  9,638,453 5.5  2,398,572 33.1  1,792,552 1,749,462 38,544  
1830 (June ......  12,866,020 7.4  3,227,567 33.5  1,792,552 1,749,462 38,544  
1840 (June ......  17,069,453 9.8  4,203,433 32.7  1,792,552 1,749,462 38,544  
1850 (June ......  23,191,876 7.9  6,122,423 35.9  2,991,655 2,940,042 52,705  
1860 (June ......  31,443,321 10.6  8,251,445 35.6  3,021,295 2,969,640 52,747  
1870 (June ......  239,818,449 211.2  8,375,128 26.6  3,612,299 3,540,705 68,082  
1880 (June ......  50,189,209 14.2  10,370,760 26.0  3,612,299 3,540,705 68,082  
1890 (June ......  62,979,766 17.8  12,790,557 25.5  3,612,299 3,540,705 68,082  
1900 (June ......  76,212,168 21.5  13,232,402 21.0  3,618,770 3,547,314 67,901  
1910 (Apr. 15) ......  92,228,496 26.0  16,016,328 21.0  3,618,770 3,547,045 68,170  
1920 (Jan. .......  106,021,537 29.9  13,793,041 15.0  3,618,770 3,546,931 68,284  
1930 (Apr. .......  123,202,624 34.7  17,181,087 16.2  3,618,770 3,554,608 60,607  
1940 (Apr. .......  132,164,569 37.2  8,961,945 7.3  3,618,770 3,554,608 60,607  
1950 (Apr. .......  151,325,798 42.6  19,161,229 14.5  3,618,770 3,552,206 63,005  
1960 (Apr. .......  179,323,175 50.6  27,997,377 18.5  3,618,770 3,540,911 74,212  
1970 (Apr. .......  203,302,031 57.5  23,978,856 13.4  3,618,770 3,536,855 78,444  
1980 (Apr. .......  3226,542,199 64.0  23,240,168 11.4  3,618,770 3,539,289 79,481  
1990 (Apr. .......  4248,718,302 70.3  22,176,103 9.8  53,717,796 3,536,278 5181,518  
2000 (Apr. .......  6281,424,603 79.6  32,706,301 13.1  3,794,083 3,537,438 256,645 Not applicable. Data for 1790 1980 cover inland water only. Data for 1990 comprise Great Lakes, inland, and coastal water. Data for 2000 comprise Great Lakes, inland, territorial, and coastal water. Revised include adjustments for underenumeration southern states; unrevised number 38,558,371 (10.9 per square mile). Total population count has been revised since the 1980 census publications. Numbers age, race, Hispanic origin, and sex have not been corrected. The April 1990, census count includes count question resolution corrections processed through December 1997, and does not include adjustments for census coverage errors. Data reflect corrections made after publication the results. Reflects modifications the Census 2000 population documented the Count Question Resolution program. 
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census Population and Housing, Population and Housing Counts, Series PHC-3-1, United States Summary; Notes and Errata, 2000 SF/01-ER ; Areas the United States: 1940; Area data for 1990: unpublished data from TIGER; and Davis, Warren; personal correspondence; U.S. Census Bureau; June 2006. 
Table Population: 1960 2007 
[In thousands, except percent (180,671 represents 180,671,000). Estimates July Civilian population excludes Armed Forces. For basis estimates, see text this section] 
Year  Resident population, including Armed Forces overseas Population Percent change  Resident population Civilian population  Year  Resident population, including Armed Forces overseas Population Percent change  Resident population Civilian population  
1960 ....  180,671 1.60  179,979 178,140  1984 ....  236,348 0.87  235,825 234,110  
1961 ....  183,691 1.67  182,992 181,143  1985 ....  238,466 0.90  237,924 236,219  
1962 ....  186,538 1.55  185,771 183,677  1986 ....  240,651 0.92  240,133 238,412  
1963 ....  189,242 1.45  188,483 186,493  1987 ....  242,804 0.89  242,289 240,550  
1964 ....  191,889 1.40  191,141 189,141  1988 ....  245,021 0.91  244,499 242,817  
1965 ....  194,303 1.26  193,526 191,605  1989 ....  247,342 0.95  246,819 245,131  
1966 ....  196,560 1.16  195,576 193,420  1990 ....  250,132 1.13  249,623 247,983  
1967 ....  198,712 1.09  197,457 195,264  1991 ....  253,493 1.34  252,981 251,370  
1968 ....  200,706 1.00  199,399 197,113  1992 ....  256,894 1.34  256,514 254,929  
1969 ....  202,677 0.98  201,385 199,145  1993 ....  260,255 1.31  259,919 258,446  
1970 ....  205,052 1.17  203,984 201,895  1994 ....  263,436 1.22  263,126 261,714  
1971 ....  207,661 1.27  206,827 204,866  1995 ....  266,557 1.18  266,278 264,927  
1972 ....  209,896 1.08  209,284 207,511  1996 ....  269,667 1.17  269,394 268,108  
1973 ....  211,909 0.96  211,357 209,600  1997 ....  272,912 1.20  272,647 271,394  
1974 ....  213,854 0.92  213,342 211,636  1998 ....  276,115 1.17  275,854 274,633  
1975 ....  215,973 0.99  215,465 213,789  1999 ....  279,295 1.15  279,040 277,841  
1976 ....  218,035 0.95  217,563 215,894  2000 ....  282,407 1.11  282,194 280,950  
1977 ....  220,239 1.01  219,760 218,106  2001 ....  285,339 1.04  285,112 283,876  
1978 ....  222,585 1.06  222,095 220,467  2002 ....  288,189 1.00  287,888 286,621  
1979 ....  225,055 1.11  224,567 222,969  2003 ....  290,941 0.95  290,448 289,228  
1980 ....  227,726 1.19  227,225 225,621  2004 ....  293,609 0.92  293,192 291,931  
1981 ....  229,966 0.98  229,466 227,818  2005 ....  296,329 0.93  295,896 294,705  
1982 ....  232,188 0.97  231,664 229,995  2006 ....  299,157 0.95  298,755 297,575  
1983 ....  234,307 0.91  233,792 232,097  2007 ....  302,045 0.97  301,621 300,466 Percent change from immediate preceding year. 
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1960 1979: Current Population Reports P25-802 and P25-917; 1980 1989: Monthly Estimates the United States Population: April 1980, July 1999, with Short-Term Projections November 2000; published January 2001; ; 1990 1999: national intercensal estimates (19902000); published August 2004; ; 2000 2007: Monthly Population Estimates for the United States: April 2000, December 2007; published December 2007; . 
Population 
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 [304,228 represents 304,228,000. July Projections are based assumptions about future births, deaths, and net international migration. More information methodology and assumptions available ] 
Year  Number (1,000)  Percent change  Year  Number (1,000)  Percent change  Year  Number (1,000)  Percent change  
2008 ....... 2009 ....... 2010 ....... 2011........ 2012 ....... 2013 ....... 2014 ....... 2015 ....... 2016 ....... 2017 ....... 2018 ....... 2019 ....... 2020 ....... 2021 ....... 2022 .......  304,228 307,212 310,233 313,232 316,266 319,330 322,423 325,540 328,678 331,833 335,005 338,190 341,387 344,592 347,803  1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9  2023 ....... 2024 ....... 2025 ....... 2026 ....... 2027 ....... 2028 ....... 2029 ....... 2030 ....... 2031 ....... 2032 ....... 2033 ....... 2034 ....... 2035 ....... 2036 ....... 2037 .......  351,018 354,235 357,452 360,667 363,880 367,090 370,298 373,504 376,708 379,912 383,117 386,323 389,531 392,743 395,961  0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8  2038 ....... 2039 ....... 2040 ....... 2041 ....... 2042 ....... 2043 ....... 2044 ....... 2045 ....... 2046 ....... 2047 ....... 2048 ....... 2049 ....... 2050 .......  399,184 402,415 405,655 408,906 412,170 415,448 418,743 422,059 425,395 428,756 432,143 435,560 439,010  0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 Percent change from immediate preceding year. 2008, change from 2007. 
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008 National Population Projections, released August 2008, . 
Table Components Population Change: 2000 2007 
[In thousands (281,425 represents 281,425,000), except indicated. Resident population] 
Period  Population beginning period  Net increase Total Percent  Births  Deaths  Net international migration  Population end period  
April 2000 July 2000  281,425  770 0.3  989  561  342  282,194  
July 2000 July 2001 ....  282,194  2,918 1.0  4,047  2,419  1,290  285,112  
July 2001 July 2002 ....  285,112  2,776 1.0  4,007  2,430  1,199  287,888  
July 2002 July 2003 ....  287,888  2,560 0.9  4,053  2,423  930  290,448  
July 2003 July 2004 ....  290,448  2,744 0.9  4,113  2,450  1,081  293,192  
July 2004 July 2005 ....  293,192  2,704 0.9  4,121  2,433  1,017  295,896  
July 2005 July 2006 ....  295,896  2,859 1.0  4,201  2,431  1,090  298,755  
July 2006 July 2007 ....  298,755  2,866 1.0  4,279  2,450  1,038  301,621 Percent population beginning period. Includes (a) the net international migration the foreign born, (b) the net migration between the United States and Puerto Rico, (c) the net migration natives and from the United States, and (d) the net overseas movement the Armed Forces population. The April 2000, Population Estimates base reflects changes the Census 2000 population from the Count Question Resolution program. 
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population, Population change and estimated components population change: April 2000, July 2007; release date: December 27, 2007; . 
Table Components Population Change Race and Hispanic Origin: 2000 2007 
[In thousands (20,197 represents 20,197,000,000). Resident population. Covers period April 2000, July 2007. The April 2000, Population Estimates base reflects changes the Census 2000 population from the Count Question Resolution program] 
Race and Hispanic origin  Net increase  Natural increase Total Births Deaths  Net international migration  
Total .....................  20,197  12,212 29,809 17,597  7,984  
One race......................  19,238  11,348 28,835 17,487  7,890  
White ......................  13,060  7,662 22,647 14,985  5,398  
Black African American .........  3,051  2,460 4,583 2,123  592  
American Indian and Alaska Native.  275  213 298  
Asian ......................  2,777  968 1,253 286  1,809  
Native Hawaiian and Other  
Pacific Islander...............  
Two more races ...............  959  864 974 110  
Race alone combination:  
White ......................  13,938  8,469 23,547 15,077  5,468  
Black African American .........  3,639  3,015 5,169 2,153  623  
American Indian and Alaska Native.  312  233 379 146  
Asian ......................  3,158  1,290 1,609 319  1,869  
Native Hawaiian and Other  
Pacific Islander...............  113  
Hispanic .....................  10,198  5,981 6,793 812  4,217  
White alone, not Hispanic...........  3,515  2,113 16,337 14,224  1,401 See footnote Table combination with one more other races. The sum the five race groups adds more than the total population because individuals may report more than one race. Persons Hispanic origin may any race. 
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Cumulative Estimates the Components Population Change Race and Hispanic Origin for the United States: April 2000, July 2007 (NC-EST2007-05); release date: May 2008; . Population 
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 [281,425 represents 281,425,000. July, except noted. Data shown are modified race counts; see text, this section] 
Characteristic  Number (1,000)  Percent change, 2000 2007  
2000 (April 2004 2005 2006 2007  
BOTH SEXES  
Total ...........................  281,425 293,192 295,896 298,755 301,621  7.2  
One race .............................  277,527 288,756 291,325 294,043 296,765  6.9  
White..............................  228,107 235,748 237,483 239,322 241,167  5.7  
Black African American.................  35,705 37,434 37,852 38,306 38,756  8.5  
American Indian and Alaska Native ..........  2,664 2,821 2,859 2,899 2,938  10.3  
Asian ..............................  10,589 12,248 12,615 12,990 13,366  26.2  
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander .....  463 504 515 526 537  16.1  
Two more races ....................... Race alone combination:  3,898 4,436 4,571 4,712 4,856  24.6  
White..............................  231,436 239,570 241,429 243,397 245,374  6.0  
Black African American.................  37,105 39,163 39,664 40,204 40,744  9.8  
American Indian and Alaska Native ..........  4,225 4,404 4,447 4,492 4,537  7.4  
Asian ..............................  12,007 13,879 14,300 14,731 15,165  26.3  
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander .....  907 971 987 1,003 1,019  12.4  
Not Hispanic ...........................  246,118 251,989 253,293 254,700 256,117  4.1  
One race............................  242,712 248,135 249,326 250,616 251,912  3.8  
White ............................  195,577 197,657 198,092 198,589 199,092  1.8  
Black African American ...............  34,314 35,889 36,253 36,646 37,037  7.9  
American Indian and Alaska Native.........  2,097 2,205 2,231 2,259 2,287  9.0  
Asian ............................  10,357 11,988 12,347 12,712 13,080  26.3  
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander  367 396 403 410 417  13.6  
Two more races ..................... Race alone combination:  3,406 3,854 3,967 4,084 4,205  23.4  
White ............................  198,477 200,965 201,503 202,107 202,720  2.1  
Black African American ...............  35,499 37,351 37,784 38,251 38,717  9.1  
American Indian and Alaska Native.........  3,456 3,570 3,598 3,628 3,658  5.9  
Asian ............................  11,632 13,450 13,856 14,271 14,688  26.3  
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander  752 798 809 821 832  10.6  
Hispanic .............................  35,306 41,202 42,603 44,054 45,504  28.9  
One race............................  34,815 40,620 41,999 43,427 44,853  28.8  
White ............................  32,530 38,091 39,391 40,734 42,075  29.3  
Black African American ...............  1,391 1,545 1,599 1,660 1,719  23.6  
American Indian and Alaska Native.........  566 617 628 640 652  15.1  
Asian ............................  232 259 268 277 287  23.3  
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 108 112 116 120  25.8  
Two more races ..................... Race alone combination:  491 582 604 628 651  32.6  
White ............................  32,959 38,605 39,926 41,291 42,654  29.4  
Black African American ...............  1,606 1,812 1,880 1,954 2,027  26.2  
American Indian and Alaska Native.........  770 834 849 864 879  14.2  
Asian ............................  375 429 444 461 477  27.3  
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander MALE  155 173 178 183 188  21.1  
Total ...........................  138,056 144,224 145,649 147,160 148,659  7.7  
One race .............................  136,146 142,042 143,398 144,838 146,263  7.4  
White..............................  112,478 116,612 117,556 118,558 119,549  6.3  
Black African American.................  16,972 17,826 18,034 18,262 18,487  8.9  
American Indian and Alaska Native ..........  1,333 1,412 1,431 1,451 1,471  10.4  
Asian ..............................  5,128 5,935 6,115 6,298 6,482  26.4  
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander .....  235 256 262 268 273  16.2  
Two more races ....................... Race alone combination:  1,910 2,183 2,251 2,323 2,396  25.4  
White..............................  114,116 118,499 119,505 120,573 121,632  6.6  
Black African American.................  17,644 18,665 18,916 19,188 19,458  10.3  
American Indian and Alaska Native ..........  2,088 2,178 2,199 2,222 2,245  7.5  
Asian ..............................  5,834 6,749 6,956 7,168 7,381  26.5  
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander .....  456 488 496 504 512  12.3  
Not Hispanic ...........................  119,894 122,957 123,645 124,395 125,135  4.4  
Hispanic ............................. FEMALE  18,162 21,267 22,004 22,765 23,524  29.5  
Total ...........................  143,368 148,967 150,247 151,595 152,962  6.7  
One race .............................  141,381 146,714 147,927 149,205 150,502  6.5  
White..............................  115,628 119,136 119,928 120,764 121,617  5.2  
Black African American.................  18,733 19,608 19,818 20,044 20,269  8.2  
American Indian and Alaska Native ..........  1,331 1,409 1,428 1,447 1,467  10.2  
Asian ..............................  5,461 6,313 6,500 6,692 6,884  26.1  
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander .....  227 248 253 258 264  16.0  
Two more races ....................... Race alone combination:  1,987 2,253 2,320 2,389 2,460  23.8  
White..............................  117,321 121,071 121,924 122,824 123,742  5.5  
Black African American.................  19,461 20,498 20,748 21,017 21,286  9.4  
American Indian and Alaska Native ..........  2,137 2,226 2,248 2,270 2,292  7.3  
Asian ..............................  6,173 7,130 7,344 7,563 7,784  26.1  
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander .....  451 483 491 499 507  12.5  
Not Hispanic ...........................  126,224 129,032 129,648 130,305 130,982  3.8  
Hispanic .............................  17,144 19,935 20,599 21,290 21,981  28.2 See footnote Table combination with one more other races. The sum the five race groups adds more than the total population because individuals may report more than one race. Persons Hispanic origin may any race. 
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Estimates the Population Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for the United States: April 2000 July 2007 (NC-EST2007-03); release date: May 2008; . 
Population 
U.S. 
Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 

U.S. 
Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 Population 
Table Resident Population Age and Sex: 1980 2007 
[In thousands, except indicated (226,546 represents 226,546,000). 1980, 1990, and 2000 data are enumerated population April data for other years are estimated population July Excludes Armed Forces overseas. For definition median, see Guide Tabular Presentation] 
Age group  1980  1990  2000  2001, total 2002, total 2003, total 2004, total 2005, total 2006, total  2007  
Total Male Female  Total Male Female  Total Male Female  Total Male Female  
Total ..........  226,546 110,053 116,493  248,791 121,284 127,507  281,425 138,056 143,368  285,112 287,888 290,448 293,192 295,896 298,755  301,621 148,659 152,962  
Under years ......  16,348 8,362 7,986  18,765 9,603 9,162  19,176 9,811 9,365  19,350 19,537 19,774 20,060 20,300 20,452  20,724 10,603 10,121 years .......  16,700 8,539 8,161  18,042 9,236 8,806  20,550 10,523 10,026  20,235 19,976 19,754 19,599 19,526 19,674  19,850 10,149 9,701 years......  18,242 9,316 8,926  17,067 8,742 8,325  20,528 10,520 10,008  20,892 21,108 21,193 21,117 20,845 20,587  20,314 10,400 9,914 years......  21,168 10,755 10,413  17,893 9,178 8,714  20,219 10,391 9,828  20,305 20,362 20,468 20,703 21,020 21,275  21,474 11,007 10,467 years......  21,319 10,663 10,655  19,143 9,749 9,394  18,963 9,688 9,275  19,797 20,299 20,636 20,870 20,947 20,994  21,032 10,853 10,179 years......  19,521 9,705 9,816  21,336 10,708 10,629  19,382 9,799 9,583  18,938 18,896 19,051 19,458 19,945 20,575  21,058 10,776 10,282 years......  17,561 8,677 8,884  21,838 10,866 10,973  20,511 10,322 10,189  20,732 20,802 20,673 20,408 20,010 19,607  19,533 9,906 9,627 years......  13,965 6,862 7,104  19,851 9,837 10,014  22,707 11,319 11,388  22,280 21,830 21,373 21,007 20,952 21,119  21,176 10,655 10,522 years......  11,669 5,708 5,961  17,593 8,679 8,914  22,442 11,130 11,313  22,843 22,941 22,964 23,022 22,824 22,436  21,985 10,964 11,021 years......  11,090 5,388 5,702  13,747 6,741 7,006  20,093 9,890 10,203  20,709 21,272 21,752 22,103 22,462 22,767  22,861 11,303 11,559 years......  11,710 5,621 6,089  11,315 5,494 5,821  17,586 8,608 8,978  18,662 18,695 19,034 19,486 19,986 20,459  21,013 10,292 10,721 years......  11,615 5,482 6,133  10,489 5,009 5,480  13,469 6,509 6,961  13,934 15,082 15,719 16,479 17,341 18,206  18,236 8,847 9,389 years......  10,088 4,670 5,418  10,627 4,947 5,679  10,806 5,137 5,669  11,104 11,501 12,109 12,583 12,993 13,350  14,476 6,928 7,548 years......  15,581 6,757 8,824  18,048 7,908 10,140  18,391 8,303 10,088  18,322 18,282 18,349 18,472 18,639 18,910  19,352 8,887 10,465 years......  7,729 2,867 4,862  10,014 3,745 6,268  12,361 4,879 7,482  12,590 12,760 12,885 12,978 13,052 13,057  13,024 5,313 7,711 years and over  2,240 682 1,559  3,022 841 2,181  4,240 1,227 3,013  4,417 4,546 4,715 4,847 5,055 5,286  5,512 1,777 3,735 years ......  31,159 15,923 15,237  31,839 16,301 15,538  37,026 18,964 18,062  37,080 36,972 36,752 36,345 36,064 36,009  35,971 18,399 17,572 years......  16,247 8,298 7,950  13,345 6,860 6,485  16,093 8,285 7,808  16,184 16,353 16,497 16,813 17,068 17,207  17,207 8,816 8,391 years......  30,022 15,054 14,969  26,961 13,744 13,217  27,141 13,873 13,268  27,966 28,420 28,801 29,131 29,206 29,313  29,492 15,194 14,299 years and over  162,791 77,473 85,321  184,841 88,519 96,322  209,130 100,996 108,133  212,498 215,026 217,425 219,973 222,464 225,087  227,719 110,841 116,878 years and over  47,253 20,458 26,796  52,200 22,450 29,748  59,267 26,055 33,212  60,368 62,171 63,776 65,360 67,080 68,810  70,600 31,752 38,849 years and over  25,550 10,306 15,245  31,084 12,494 18,589  34,992 14,410 20,582  35,330 35,588 35,949 36,297 36,746 37,253  37,888 15,976 21,912 years and over Median age  9,969 3,549 6,421  13,036 4,586 8,449  16,601 6,106 10,495  17,008 17,306 17,600 17,825 18,107 18,343  18,536 7,089 11,446  
(years) ..........  30.0 28.8 31.3  32.8 31.6 34.0  35.3 34.0 36.5  35.6 35.7 35.9 36.1 36.2 36.4  36.6 35.3 37.9 Total population count has been revised since the 1980 census publications. Numbers age and sex have not been corrected. The data shown have been modified from the official 1990 census counts. See text this section for explanation. The April 1990, estimates base (248,790,925) includes count resolution corrections processed through August 1997. generally does not include adjustments for census coverage errors. However, includes adjustments estimated for the 1995 Test Census various localities California, New Jersey, and Louisiana; and the 1998 census dress rehearsals localities California and Wisconsin. These adjustments amounted total 81,052 persons. The April 2000, population estimates base reflects changes the Census 2000 population from the Count Question Resolution program. 
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P25-1095; Table US-EST90INT-04 -Intercensal Estimates the United States Resident Population Age Groups and Sex, 19902000: Selected Months; published September 2002; ; and Annual Estimates the Population Sex and Five-Year Age Groups for the United States: April 2000 July 2007 (NC-EST2007-01); release date: May 2008 . 
Population 
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract the United States: 2009 
Table Resident Population Race, Hispanic Origin, and Age: 2000 and 2007 
[In thousands (281,425 represents 281,425,000); except indicated. 2000, April and 2007, July. For definition median, see Guide Tabular Presentation] 
Age group  Total  White alone  Black African American alone  American Indian, Alaska Native alone  Asian alone  Native Hawaiian, Other Pacific Islander alone  Two more races  Hispanic origin  Not Hispanic White alone  
2000 2007  2000 2007  2000 2007  2000 2007  2000 2007  2000 2007  2000 2007  2000 2007  2000 2007  
Total ...........  281,425 301,621  228,107 241,167  35,705 38,756  2,664 2,938  10,589 13,366  463 537  3,898 4,856  35,306 45,504  195,577 199,092  
Under years.......  19,176 20,724  14,657 15,717  2,925 3,153  233 209  708 914  613 691  3,718 4,916  11,288 11,175 years ........  20,550 19,850  15,688 15,156  3,320 2,984  258 218  716 820  524 633  3,624 4,219  12,392 11,255 years ......  20,528 20,314  15,843 15,485  3,221 3,155  264 246  715 820  443 564  3,163 3,969  12,961 11,866 years ......  20,219 21,474  15,745 16,426  3,024 3,413  251 274  776 825  380 489  3,172 3,746  12,836 13,006 years ......  18,963 21,032  14,826 16,325  2,729 3,108  218 266  848 875  297 412  3,409 3,690  11,681 12,930 years ......  19,382 21,058  15,217 16,364  2,645 2,972  204 243  1,019 1,077  254 351  3,385 4,176  12,077 12,497 years ......  20,511 19,533  16,349 15,140  2,710 2,610  202 211  980 1,253  231 273  3,125 3,993  13,451 11,425 years ......  22,707 21,176  18,372 16,657  2,910 2,749  217 207  937 1,267  233 254  2,825 3,642  15,753 13,272 years ......  22,442 21,985  18,346 17,567  2,772 2,828  202 212  870 1,104  219 234  2,304 3,200  16,213 14,597 years ......  20,093 22,861  16,615 18,589  2,330 2,801  169 209  770 997  183 230  1,775 2,675  14,973 16,109 years ......  17,586 21,013  14,794 17,284  1,846 2,429  135 181  641 891  149 199  1,361 2,075  13,530 15,363 years ......  13,469 18,236  11,479 15,191  1,332 1,963 145  443 753  106 160  960 1,569  10,582 13,736 years ......  10,806 14,476  9,214 12,340  1,082 1,361 104  350 534 120  750 1,122  8,511 11,294 years ......  9,534 10,752  8,238 9,165  895 1,017  279 403  599 809  7,675 8,408 years ......  8,858 8,600  7,799 7,368  742 801  224 309  477 621  7,348 6,786 years ......  7,416 7,325  6,634 6,411  557 593  159 233  327 479  6,325 5,959 years ......  4,945 5,699  4,466 5,056  350 424 158  180 322  4,296 4,751 years ......  2,790 3,477  2,525 3,116  200 240 175  2,432 2,950 years ......  1,113 1,502  1,007 1,345 107  970 1,276 years ......  287 452  254 399     243 374  
100 years and over        years .......  37,026 35,971  28,381 27,454  5,923 5,462  471 412  1,288 1,477  885 1,091  6,186 7,402  22,754 20,652 years ......  16,093 17,207  12,523 13,115  2,426 2,768  205 218  590 657  315 412  2,438 3,101  10,290 10,286 years ......  27,141 29,492  21,197 22,822  3,944 4,430  315 374  1,178 1,207  444 596  4,744 5,122  16,827 18,119 years and over ....  217,151 236,468  178,790 191,560  25,633 28,780  1,857 2,211  8,304 10,649  328 404  2,237 2,865  24,204 31,618  156,352 162,259 years and over ....  209,130 227,719  172,546 184,880  24,431 27,373  1,755 2,099  8,003 10,319  311 385  2,084 2,663  22,964 30,085  151,245 156,979 years ......  182,159 198,580  147,826 158,633  22,773 25,550  1,713 1,998  7,489 9,413  305 369  2,051 2,617  22,471 29,106  127,023 131,693 years and over ....  59,267 70,600  51,656 60,458  5,274 6,554  310 462  1,608 2,523  371 527  3,444 5,203  48,422 55,597 years and over ....  34,992 37,888  30,964 32,927  2,860 3,230  144 213  815 1,235  186 248  1,734 2,512  29,329 30,567 years and over ....  16,601 18,536  14,927 16,394  1,223 1,413  312 523 106  657 1,081  14,306 15,373 years and over ....  4,240 5,512  3,827 4,927  316 395 133  151 280  3,685 4,663  
Median age (years)  35.3 36.6  36.6 38.0  30.0 31.1  27.7 30.3  32.5 35.4  26.8 30.2  19.8 20.6  25.8 27.6  38.6 40.8  

 Represents rounds zero. April 2000, population estimates base reflects changes the Census 2000 population from the Count Question Resolution program. Persons Hispanic origin may any race. 
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Estimates the Population Race, Hispanic Origin, Sex and Age for the United States: April 2000 July 2007 (NC-EST2007-04); release date: May 2008; . 
[In thousands, except indicated (301,621 represents 301,621,000). July For derivation estimates, see text this section] 
Age  Total  Race  Hispanic origin Not-Hispanic White alone  
White alone Black African American alone American Indian, Alaska Native alone Asian alone Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone Two more races  
Total ........  301,621  241,167 38,756 2,938 13,366 537 4,856  45,504 199,092  
Under years old.  20,724  15,717 3,153 209 914 691  4,916 11,175  
Under year old.  4,257  3,211 660 186 147  1,033 2,266 year old ......  4,182  3,154 651 184 142  1,025 2,215 years old .....  4,110  3,110 629 184 138  983 2,206 years old .....  4,111  3,134 612 182 135  952 2,247 years old .....  4,063  3,108 600 179 129  923 2,241 years old ....  19,850  15,156 2,984 218 820 633  4,219 11,255 years old .....  4,032  3,084 606 171 125  899 2,235 years old .....  4,089  3,124 622 174 124  886 2,289 years old .....  3,936  3,005 588 159 130  838 2,238 years old .....  3,892  2,970 580 157 130  801 2,243 years old .....  3,901  2,973 588 160 124  795 2,250 years old  20,314  15,485 3,155 246 820 564  3,969 11,866 years old.....  3,927  2,997 592 164 119  793 2,275 years old .....  4,010  3,066 604 167 117  800 2,337 years old.....  4,075  3,109 631 164 113  799 2,380 years old.....  4,109  3,125 652 163 109  790 2,405 years old.....  4,193  3,187 676 163 106  787 2,469 years old  21,474  16,426 3,413 274 825 489  3,746 13,006 years old.....  4,265  3,249 685 163 104  781 2,536 years old.....  4,334  3,307 697 163 102  770 2,605 years old.....  4,415  3,372 710 167 100  763 2,676 years old.....  4,258  3,262 672 167  718 2,606 years old.....  4,202  3,235 649 165  713 2,583 years old  21,032  16,325 3,108 266 875 412  3,690 12,930 years old.....  4,169  3,224 632 164  708 2,576 years old.....  4,205  3,260 628 170  716 2,603 years old.....  4,237  3,293 624 174  731 2,620 years old.....  4,172  3,240 610 180  746 2,553 years old.....  4,249  3,307 614 188  788 2,578 years old  21,058  16,364 2,972 243 1,077 351  4,176 12,497 years old.....  4,286  3,333 615 200  823 2,572 years old.....  4,332  3,369 615



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