Comey Testimony 5-03-17
Number of Pages:13
Date Created:April 17, 2019
Date Uploaded to the Library:April 17, 2019
Autogenerated text from PDF
ileparlment Justite STATEMENT JAMES COMEY DIRECTOR FEDERAL BUREAU INVESTIGATION BEFORE THE COMMITTEE THE JUDICIARY UNITED STATES SENATE FOR HEARING ENTITLED OVERSIGHT THE FEDERAL BUREAU INVESTIGATION PRESENTED MAY 2017 Statement James Corney Director Federal Bureau oflnvestigation Before the Committee the Judiciary United States Senate For Hearing Entitled Oversight the Federal Bureau oflnvestigation May 2017 Good morning Chairman Grassley, Ranking Member Feinstein, and members the committee. Thank you for this opportunity discuss the FBIs programs and priorities for the coming year. behalf the men and women the FBI, let begin thanking you for your ongoing support the Bureau. pledge the best possible stewards the authorities and the funding you have provided for us, and use them maximum effect carry out our mission. Todays FBI national security and law enforcement organization that uses, collects and shares intelligence everything do. Each FBI employee understands that defeat the key threats facing our nation, must constantly strive more efficient and more effective. Just our adversaries continue evolve, so, too, must the FBI. live time acute and persistent terrorist and criminal threats our national security, our economy, and our communities. These diverse threats underscore the complexity and breadth the FBIs mission: protect the American people and uphold the constitution the United States. remain focused defending the United States against terrorism, foreign intelligence operations, and cyber threats; upholding and enforcing the criminal laws the United States; protecting privacy, civil rights and civil liberties; and providing leadership and criminal justice services Federal, State, tribal, municipal, and international agencies and partners. Our continued ability carry out this demanding mission reflects the support and oversight provided this committee. National Security Counterterrorism The FBIs top priority protecting the American people from terrorist attack. From threat perspective, are concerned with three areas particular: (1) those who are inspired the terrorists propaganda and feel empowered act out support; (2) those who are enabled act after gaining inspiration from extremist propaganda and communicating with members Foreign Terrorist Organizations who provide guidance operational planning targets; and (3) those who are directed members foreign terrorist organizations commit specific, directed acts support the groups ideology cause. Prospective terrorists can fall into any the above categories span the spectrum, but the end the result the same innocent men, women, and children killed and families, friends and whole communities left struggle the aftermath. this endeavor, our main focus the so-called Islamic State the group refer ISIS. ISIS has proven relentless its campaign violence and has aggressively promoted its hateful message, attracting like-minded extremists include Westerners. Though many foreign terrorist organizations use various digital communication platforms reach individuals they believe may susceptible and sympathetic extremist messages, group has been successful drawing people into its perverse ideology ISIS. ISIS extensive reach through the Internet and social media most concerning the group continues aggressively employ the latest technology part its nefarious strategy. ISIS messaging effectively blends both officially endorsed and informal propaganda recruit followers via numerous digital communication platforms. Due many technological advances, the message radicalization spreads faster than imagined just few years ago. Like never before, social media allows foreign terrorists reach into our local communities for the purpose targeting our citizens radicalize and recruit them. the threat harm the United States and U.S. interests evolves, must adapt and confront these challenges, relying heavily the strength our Federal, State, local, and international partnerships. The FBI using all lawful investigative techniques and methods combat these terrorist threats the United States. Along with our domestic and foreign partners, are collecting and analyzing intelligence concerning the ongoing threat posed foreign terrorist organizations and homegrown violent extremists. continue encourage information sharing, which evidenced through our partnerships with many Federal, State, local, and tribal agencies assigned Joint Terrorism Task Forces around the country. assured, the FBI continues strive work and share information more efficiently, and pursue variety oflawful methods help stay ahead threats the homeland. Going Dark Virtually every national security threat and criminal problem that the FBI currently faces has element that digitally-based facilitated. Unfortunately, there real and growing gap between law enforcements legal authority access digital information and its technical ability so. The FBI refers this growing challenge Going Dark, and affects the spectrum our work. the counterterrorism context, for instance, our agents and analysts are increasingly finding that communications and contacts between groups like ISIS and potential recruits occur encrypted private messaging platforms. Some our criminal investigators face the challenge identifying online pedophiles who hide their crimes and identities behind layers anonymizing technologies, drug traffickers who use virtual currencies obscure their transactions. other investigations, ranging from white collar crime gang activity, FBI agents with court-ordered search warrants seize and attempt search cellular phones, tablets, and other electronic devices, but are unable access them due technical barriers. -2- just the first half this fiscal year, the FBI was unable access the content more than 3,000 mobile devices using appropriate and available technical tools, even though there was legal authority so. This figure represents nearly half all the mobile devices the FBI attempted access that timeframe. Where all possible, our agents develop investigative workarounds case-by-case basis, including using physical world techniques and examining non-content sources digital information (such metadata). organization, the FBI also invests alternative methods oflawful engineered access. Ultimately, these efforts, while significant, have severe constraints. Non-content information, such metadata, often simply not sufficient meet the rigorous constitutional burden prove crimes beyond reasonable doubt. Developing alternative technical methods typically time-consuming, expensive, and uncertain process. Even when possible, such methods are difficult scale across investigations, and may perishable due short technical lifecycle consequence disclosure through legal proceedings. Some observers have conceived this challenge tradeoffbetween privacy and security. our view, the demanding requirements obtain legal authority access data-such applying court for warrant wiretap necessarily already account for both privacy and security. The FBI actively engaged with relevant stakeholders, including companies providing technological services, educate them the corrosive effects the Going Dark challenge both public safety and the rule oflaw. The FBI thanks the committee members for their engagement this crucial issue. Intelligence Integrating intelligence all remains critical strategic pillar the FBI strategy. The constant evolution the FBIs intelligence program will help address the ever-changing threat environment. must constantly update our intelligence apparatus improve the way use, collect, and share intelligence better understand and defeat our adversaries. cannot content only work the matters directly front us. must also look beyond the horizon understand the threats face home and abroad and how those threats may connected. that end, gather intelligence, consistent with our authorities, help understand and prioritize identified threats, reveal the gaps what know about these threats, and fill those gaps. this for national security and criminal threats, both national and local field office level. then compare the national and local perspectives organize threats into priorities for each the FBIs field offices. categorizing threats this way, place the greatest focus the gravest threats face. This gives better assessment what the dangers are, whats being done about them, and where should prioritize our resources. Integrating intelligence and operations part the broader intelligence transformation the FBI has undertaken the last decade improve our understanding and mitigation threats. Over the past few years, have taken several steps improve this integration. First, -3- established Intelligence Branch within the FBI, headed Executive Assistant Director who drives integration across the enterprise. also developed and implemented series integration-focused forums that ensure all members our workforce understand and internalize the importance intelligence integration. now train our Special Agents and Intelligence Analysts together the FBI Academy where they engage joint training exercises and take core courses together prior their field deployments. result, they are better prepared integrate their skillsets the field. Additionally, our training forums for executives and frontline supervisors continue ensure our leaders are informed about our latest intelligence capabilities and allow them share best practices for achieving intelligence integration. Counterintelligence Our nation still confronts traditional espionage spies posing diplomats ordinary citizens. But espionage has evolved; spies today are often students, researchers, businesspeople operating front companies. And they seek not only state secrets, but trade secrets, research and development, intellectual property, and insider information from the Federal government, U.S. corporations, and American universities. Foreign intelligence entities continue grow more creative and more sophisticated their methods steal innovative technology, critical research and development data, and intellectual property. Their efforts seek erode Americas leading edge business, and pose significant threat our national security. remain focused the growing scope the insider threat that is, when trusted employees and contractors use their legitimate access information steal secrets for the benefit another company country. This threat has been exacerbated recent years businesses have become more global and increasingly exposed foreign intelligence organizations. Weapons ofMass Destruction The FBI, along with its U.S. government partners, committed countering the Weapons Mass Destruction (WMD) threat (e.g., chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear) and preventing terrorist groups and lone offenders from acquiring these materials either domestically internationally. Domestically, the FBIs counter-WMD threat program, collaboration with our U.S. government partners, prepares for and responds WMD threats (e.g., investigate, detect, search, locate, diagnostics, stabilization, and render safe WMD threats). Internationally, the FBI, cooperation with our U.S. partners, provides investigative and technical assistance well capacity-building programs enhance our foreign partners ability detect, investigate, and prosecute WMD threats. -4- One international success our counter WMD threat program our relationship with the Moldovan authorities who have worked with closely combat the nuclear smuggling threat for number years. the spring 2014, the FBI supported two joint investigations targeting WMD trafficking Moldova. These operations targeted two separate networks that were smuggling allegedly radioactive material into Moldova. The operations resulted arrests Moldovan Police December 2014 and February 2015. Depleted and natural uranium were seized December 2014, and unknown, liquid metal contained ampoule, purported cesium, was seized February 2015. Cyber FBI agents, analysts, and computer scientists are using technical capabilities and traditional investigative techniques such sources, court-authorized electronic surveillance, physical surveillance, and forensics fight the full range cyber threats. face sophisticated cyber threats from state-sponsored hackers, multi-national cyber syndicates, purveyors ransomware, hacktivists, and terrorists. daily basis, cyber-based actors seek target our critical infrastructure and harm our national security and economy. continue see increase the scale and scope reporting malicious cyber activity that can measured the amount corporate data stolen deleted, personally identifiable information compromised, remediation costs incurred U.S. victims, the FBI has actively coordinated with our private and public partners pierce the veil anonymity surrounding cyber-based cnmes. One example the FBIs success this area the indictment four individuals connection with data breach more than 500 million Yahoo accounts. Beginning January 2014, these individuals directed and took part cyber intrusion conspiracy. They then used the stolen information obtain access accounts Yahoo, Google, and other providers. February 28, 2017, charges were brought against Russian Federal Security Service officers Dmitry Dokuchaev and Igor Sushchin, well criminal hackers Alexey Belan and Karim Baratov. Given the complexity this investigation, assistance and support from our international partners was essential bringing these criminals justice, was collaboration with the victim companies, which highlights the value proactive engagement and cooperation between the private sector and the government. Given that malicious cyber-activity not limited one location, the FBI has worked address this evolving threat through the Cyber Assistant Legal Attache (Cyber ALAT) program. This program embeds cyber agents, who are trained both FBI Headquarters and the field, with our international counterparts strategic locations across the globe where they build relationships with our international partners. These relationships are essential working cyber cases which often involve malicious actors using computer networks worldwide. Criminal face many criminal threats, from complex white-collar fraud the financial, health care, and housing sectors transnational and regional organized criminal enterprises violent -5- crime and public corruption. Criminal organizations domestic and international and individual criminal activity represent significant threat our security and safety communities across the Nation. Violent Crime Violent crimes and gang activities exact high toll individuals and communities. Many todays gangs are sophisticated and well organized and use violence control neighborhoods and boost their illegal money-making activities, which include robbery, drug and gun trafficking, fraud, extortion, and prostitution rings. These gangs not limit their illegal activities single jurisdictions communities. The FBI able work across such lines, which vital the fight against violent crime big cities and small towns across the Nation. Every day, FBI special agents work partnership with State, local, and tribal officers and deputies joint task forces and individual investigations. FBI joint task forces Violent Crime Safe Streets, Violent Gang Safe Streets, and Safe Trails Task Forces focus identifying and targeting major groups operating criminal enterprises. Much the FBI criminal intelligence derived from our State, local, and tribal law enforcement partners, who know their communities inside and out. Joint task forces benefit from FBI surveillance assets and our sources track these gangs identify emerging trends. Through these multi-subject and multi-jurisdictional investigations, the FBI concentrates its efforts high-level groups engaged patterns racketeering. This investigative model enables target senior gang leadership and develop enterprise-based prosecutions. March this year, the Attorney General issued memorandum directing Federal prosecutors focus violent crime offenders. support this effort, also established Task Force Crime Reduction and Public Safety composed Department Justice (the Department) representatives, including all four Department law enforcement agencies. These representatives are being tasked with making recommendations the Attorney General ways which the Federal government can most effectively combat violent crime. The FBI committed working with the Department bring violent offenders justice. Transnational Organized Crime More than decade ago, the image organized crime was hierarchical organizations, families, that exerted influence over criminal activities neighborhoods, cities, States, but organized crime has changed dramatically. Today, international criminal enterprises run multinational, multi-billion dollar schemes from start finish. These criminal enterprises are flat, fluid networks with global reach. While still engaged many the traditional organized crime activities drug trafficking, loan-sharking, extortion, and murder, new criminal enterprises are targeting stock market fraud and manipulation, cyber-facilitated bank fraud and embezzlement, identity theft, wildlife trafficking, trafficking women and children, and other illegal activities. Preventing and combating transnational organized crime demands concentrated effort the FBI and Federal, State, local, tribal, and international partners. The -6- FBI continues share intelligence about criminal groups with our partners and combine resources and expertise gain full understanding each group. Crimes Against Children The FBI remains vigilant its efforts eradicate predators from our communities and keep our children safe. Ready response teams are stationed across the country quickly respond abductions. Investigators bring this issue the full array forensic tools such DNA, trace evidence, impression evidence, and digital forensics. Through improved communications, law enforcement also has the ability quickly share information with partners throughout the world, and these outreach programs play integral role prevention. The FBI also has several programs place educate both parents and children about the dangers posed predators and recover missing and endangered children should they taken. Through our Child Abduction Rapid Deployment Teams, Innocence Lost National Initiative, Innocent Images National Initiative, annual Operation Cross Country, Office for Victim Assistance, Child Exploitation Task Forces, and numerous community outreach programs, the FBI and its partners are working keep our children safe from harm. Operation Cross Country, nationwide law enforcement action focusing underage victims prostitution, completed its tenth iteration during October 2016. Over 300 operational teams from 400 agencies across 135 cities and FBI Field Offices were instrumental recovering child victims. Also arrested were 239 traffickers and associates and 996 adult prostitution subjects. One hundred and nine victim specialists, coordination with local law enforcement victim advocates and non-govermnental organizations, provided 327 direct services the recovered victims. addition the services recovered minors, 1,136 adults were provided outreach services during the operational period. From the first Operation Cross Country this most recent action, 837 children have been recovered and 1,254 johns have been arrested. Furthermore, the FBI established the Child Sex Tourism Initiative employ proactive strategies identify U.S. citizens who travel overseas engage illicit sexual conduct with children. These strategies include multi-disciplinary approach through partnerships with foreign law enforcement and non-governmental organizations provide child victims with available support services. One example Child Sex Tourism Initiative achievement the conviction Jason Jayavarman. March 2015, Jayavarman, dual Cambodian and U.S. citizen, received 18-year Federal sentence within the United States, and was convicted attempted sexual exploitation child for the purpose producing child pornography, and attempted travel with the attempt aid and abet others illicit sexual conduct foreign place. Similarly, the FBIs Innocence Lost National Initiative serves the model for the partnership between Federal, State, local, and international law enforcement partners addressing child prostitution. Since its inception, more than 6,390 children have been located -7- and recovered. The investigations and subsequent 2,622 convictions have resulted lengthy sentences, including life terms. Public Corruption The Public corruption threat which involves the corruption oflocal, State, and federally elected, appointed, contracted officials strikes the heart government, eroding public confidence and undermining the strength our democracy. affects how well U.S. borders are secured and neighborhoods are protected, how verdicts are handed down court, and how well public infrastructure such schools and roads are built. The FBI uniquely situated address this threat with our ability conduct undercover operations, perform electronic surveillance, and run complex cases. However, partnerships are critical and work closely with Federal, State, local, and tribal authorities pursuing these cases. One key focus border corruption. The Federal government protects 7,000 miles U.S. land border and 95,000 miles shoreline. Every day, more than million visitors enter the country through one the 328 official Ports Entry along the Mexican and Canadian borders, well through seaports and international airports. Any corruption the border enables wide range illegal activities along these borders, potentially placing the entire nation risk letting drugs, guns, money, and weapons mass destruction slip into the country, along with criminals, terrorists, and spies. Another focal point concerns election crime. Although individual States have primary responsibility for conducting fair and impartial elections, the FBI becomes involved when paramount Federal interests are affected electoral abuse occurs. Health Care Fraud 2016, the United States health care expenditures were $3.4trillion. These large sums present attractive target for criminals. Health care fraud not victimless crime. Every person who pays for health care benefits, every business that pays higher insurance costs cover their employees, and every taxpayer who funds Medicare victim. Schemes can also cause actual patient harm, including subjecting patients unnecessary treatment providing substandard services and supplies. health care spending continues rise, the FBI will use every tool have ensure our health care dollars are used appropriately and not line the pockets criminals. The FBI currently has over 2,800 pending health care fraud investigations. Over percent these investigations involve government funded programs, including Medicare, Medicaid, Childrens Health Insurance Program, Department Veterans Affairs, and Department Defense. part our collaboration efforts, the FBI maintains investigative and intelligence sharing partnerships with government agencies such other components within the Department, the Department Health and Human Services, the Food and Drug Administration, State Medicaid Fraud Control Units, and other State, local, and tribal agencies. the private side, the FBI conducts significant information sharing and coordination efforts with private insurance partners, such the National Health Care Anti-Fraud Association, the National Insurance Crime Bureau, and private insurance investigative units. The FBI also actively involved the Health Care Fraud Prevention Partnership, effort exchange facts and information between the public and private sectors order reduce the prevalence health care fraud. Civil Rights The FBI remains dedicated protecting the cherished freedoms all Americans. This includes aggressively investigating and working prevent hate crime, color law abuses public officials, human trafficking and involuntary servitude, and freedom access clinic entrances violations the four top priorities our civil rights program. also support the work and cases our local and State partners needed. Crimes hatred and prejudice are sad fact American history. When members family are attacked because the color their skin, their sexual orientation, their religious beliefs real perceived-our nation left loss. The FBI committed working with the Department ensure the civil rights all people are respected and protected. will continue work with our local, State, and Federal law enforcement partners certain that officers and agents have the resources and training they need. need better job tracking and reporting hate crime and color oflaw violations fully understand what happening our communities and how stop it. There are jurisdictions that fail report hate crime statistics. Others claim there were hate crimes their community- fact that would welcome true. must continue impress upon our State and local counterparts every jurisdiction the need track and report hate crimes and accurately. not something can ignore sweep under the rug. Need for Incident-Based Crime Data The latest Uniform Crime Reporting statistics, the Preliminary Semiannual Uniform Crime Report, January-June, 2016, show that the number violent crimes the Nation increased when compared with data for 2015. Moreover, this year are seeing uptick homicides some cities. There are number theories about what could causing this disturbing increase murders our nations cities, but simply not know for sure. need more and better data related officer-involved shootings and altercations with the citizens serve, attacks against law enforcement officers, and criminal activity all kinds. For decades, the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program has used information provided law enforcement agencies measure crime. While knowing the number homicides, robberies, and other crimes from any given year useful, the data not timely, and does not far enough help determine how and why these crimes occurred, and what can prevent them. Demographic data regarding law enforcement uses force not consistently reported through our UCR program. the FBI track and publish the number justifiable homicides police officers. Such reporting police departments across the country perhaps -9- lacks sufficient incentive, not all departments participate. The result that currently cannot fully track incidents involving police uses force. And while the Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted report tracks the number officers killed the line duty, not have firm grasp the numbers officers assaulted the line duty. cannot address concerns about law enforcement uses force not know the circumstances surrounding such incidents. can use this data tell where problems may exist, and inform needed improvements concerning the way police our communities. improving the way collect and analyze data, will have more comprehensive understanding what our communities are experiencing. February 2016, concurred with Criminal Justice Information Services Advisory Policy Board recommendation transition the UCR Program National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) data collection. Unfortunately, only little more than one third our State, local, and tribal partners currently submit data the National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS). One the fears police chiefs and sheriffs across the country that submitting data the NIBRS, they may see increase statistics criminal activity. However, increase statistics not the same thing actual increase crime. means are more accurately reporting what happening our communities. hope resolve that issue phasing the NIB over the next few years, and overlapping with the Summary Reporting System and helping local jurisdiction better understand and message the data gleaned from NIBRS reporting. The NIBRS will not have immediate effect our nations crime problems, and know will take more than just data more policing solve these problems. However, will continue work with our partners law enforcement ensure that can implement the NIBRS get the data need best serve our communities. Five Eyes Law Enforcement Group August 2015, the FBI began its two-year term the chair the Five Eyes Law Enforcement Group (FE LEG). The FELEG international coalition law enforcement and intelligence agency leaders and subject matter experts from the Federal Bureau Investigation; Drug Enforcement Administration; U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Homeland Security Investigations; the United Kingdoms National Crime Agency; the Royal Canadian Mounted Police; the Australian Federal Police; Australian Crime Commission; and New Zealand Police. The FELEG coordinates government international responses global organized crime, money laundering, and cyber-based crime. Key goals the FELEG are improve the ability partners share intelligence and conduct joint law enforcement operations, while ensuring that they leverage one anothers capabilities and benefit from shared learning and best practices. FBI Laboratory The FBI Laboratory one the largest and most comprehensive forensic laboratories the world. Operating out state-of-the-art facility Quantico, Virginia, and Huntsville, Alabama, laboratory personnel travel the world assignment, using science and technology protect the Nation and support law enforcement, intelligence, military, and forensic science partners. The Labs many services include providing expert testimony, mapping crime scenes, and conducting forensic exams physical and hazardous evidence. Lab personnel possess expertise many areas forensics supporting law enforcement and intelligence purposes, including explosives, trace evidence, documents, chemistry, cryptography, DNA, facial reconstruction, fingerprints, firearms, and WMD. One example the Labs key services and programs the Combined DNA Index System (CO DIS), which relies computer technology create highly effective tool for solving crimes. enables Federal, State, and local forensic labs exchange and compare DNA profiles electronically, thereby connecting crimes known offenders and other crimes. Another part the National DNA Index System CODIS, the National Missing Persons DNA Database, helps identify missing and unidentified individuals. The Terrorist Explosives Device Analytical Center (TEDAC) another example. TED was formally established 2004 serve the single interagency organization receive, fully analyze, and exploit all priority terrorist improvised explosive devices (IEDs). TEDAC coordinates the efforts the entire government, including law enforcement, intelligence, and military entities, gather and share intelligence about IEDs. These efforts help disarm and disrupt IEDs, link them their makers, and prevent future attacks. Although originally focused devices from Iraq and Afghanistan, TED now receives and analyzes devices from all over the world. The National Institute Justice (NIJ) and the FBI have formed partnership address one the most difficult and complex issues facing our nations criminal justice system: unsubmitted sexual assault kits (SAKs). The FBI the testing laboratory for the SAKs that law enforcement agencies and public forensic laboratories nationwide submit for DNA analysis. The NIJ coordinates the submission kits the FBI, and responsible for the collection and analysis the SAK data. The goal the project better understand the issues concerning the handling SAKs for both law enforcement and forensic laboratories, and suggest ways improve the collection and processing quality DNA evidence. Additionally, the Laboratory Division maintains capability provide forensic support for significant shooting investigations. The Laboratory Shooting Reconstruction Team provides support FBI field offices bringing together expertise from various Lab components provide enhanced technical support document complex shooting crime scenes. Services are scene and situation dependent and may include mapping the shooting scene two three dimensions, scene documentation through photography, including aerial and oblique imagery, 360 degree photography and videography, trajectory reconstruction, and the analysis gunshot residue and shot patterns. Significant investigations supported this team include the shootings Chattanooga, the church Charleston, the Census Bureau and NSA, the shooting death Pennsylvania State Trooper, the Metcalf Power Plant San Francisco, the Boston Bombing/Watertown Boat scene, San Bernardino, and the Pulse nightclub Orlando. Information Technology The Information and Technology Branch provides information technology (IT) the FBI enterprise environment that consistent with intelligence and law enforcement capabilities, and ensures reliability and accessibility members every location any moment time. Through its many projects and initiatives, expanding its information technology product offerings better serve the operational needs the agents and analysts and raising the level services provided throughout the enterprise and with its counterparts the law enforcement arena and Intelligence Community. FBI special agents and analysts must have the best technology tools available responsive the advanced and evolving threats facing this country. Enterprise must designed provide the right information quickly its employees. Likewise, equipment must reliable and close where the work performed possible. This decreases the time between information collection and dissemination. Sentinel, the FBIs enterprise case management system, was deployed 2012 and continuing evolve its core features serve the agent and analyst workforce worldwide. Driven agile rapid deployment model, Sentinel delivers new capabilities each month. Sentinels major deliveries have consolidated systems, reduced administrative workload, and provided solutions emergent mission needs for every branch the FBI. Finally, part the Federal mandate decrease the number data centers, the FBI working with the Department meet requirements and close data centers the next five years. part this effort, the FBI will expand its data centers Pocatello, Idaho, and Clarksburg, West Virginia, serve the primary data centers for all Department components. The Clarksburg data centers expansion scheduled for completion early 2018, while the construction contract for the Pocatello facility was awarded February 2017. The FBIs Cloud First initiative also will affect data center consolidation redirecting approved systems commercial cloud facilities and minimizing the capital investments made for on-premises hardware. Conclusion Chairman Grassley, Ranking Member Feinstein, and members the committee, thank you again for this opportunity discuss the FBIs programs and priorities. Mr. Chairman, are grateful for the leadership that you and this committee have provided the FBI. would not the position are today without your support. Your support our workforce, our technology, and our infrastructure make difference every day FBI offices the United States and around the world, and thank you for that support. look forward answering any questions you may have.