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JW DCNF v Comey docs 00968

JW DCNF v Comey docs 00968

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Tags:Aleppo, DCNF, syria, 00968, Jonathan, Russia, Russian, Voter Fraud, USDA, press, Amnesty, al Qaeda, Comey, Thursday, Trump, Docs, mexico, Pentagon, government, Benghazi, president, Hillary Clinton, unclassified, White House, Obama, State Department, American, FBI, Supreme Court, department, FOIA, united, ICE, CIA


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United States Department State
Wash ington, 20520
October 10, 2018
Case No.: F-201 8-00529, F-2018-00827,
F-2018-01063, F-201 8-01467
Michael Bekesha, Esq.
Judicial Watch, Inc.
425 Third Street, S.W., Suite 800
Washington, D.C. 20024
Dear Mr. Bekesha: refer you our letter dated September 12, 2018, regarding the review certain Department State
material under the Freedom oflnformation Act (the FOIA), U.S.C. 552.
The review potentially responsive records ongoing and has resulted the retrieval nine
documents responsive your request. After reviewing these documents, have determined that seven
may released full and two may released part. All released material enclosed.
Where document has been released you part, all non-exempt material that reasonably
segregable from the exempt material has been released. Where have made excisions, the applicable
exemptions are marked the document. enclosure provides information FOIA exemptions and
other grounds for withholding material. will keep you advised your case progresses. you have any questions, you may contact Trial
Attorney Damon William Taaffe (202) 252-2544 damon.taaffe@usdoj.gov. Please refer the case
numbers cited above and the civil action number, 8-cv-968, all correspondence regarding this case.
Sincerely,
c~eeunan
Chief, Programs and Polici
1v1s10n
Office Information Programs and Services
Enclosures: stated
The Freedom Information Act USC 552)
FOIA Exemptions
(b)(1)
Information specifically authorized executive order kept secret the interest
national defense foreign policy. Executive Order 13526 includes the following
classification categories:
1.4(a)
1.4(b)
1.4(c)
1.4(d)
1.4(e)
Military plans, systems, operations
Foreign government information
Intelligence activities, sources methods, cryptology
Foreign relations foreign activities the US, including confidential sources
Scientific, technological, economic matters relating national security,
including defense against transnational terrorism
1.4(f) U.S. Government programs for safeguarding nuclear materials facilities
1.4(g) Vulnerabilities capabilities systems, installations, infrastructures, projects,
plans, protection services relating national security, including defense
against transnational terrorism
1.4(h) Weapons mass destruction
(b)(2)
Related solely the internal personnel rules and practices agency
(b)(3)
Specifically exempted from disclosure statute (other than USC 552), for example:
ARMSEXP
CIA PERS/ORG
EXPORT CONTROL ACT
INA
IRAN
Arms Export Control Act, 50a USC 2411(c)
Central Intelligence Agency Act 1949, USC 403(g)
Export Administration Act 1979, USC App. Sec. 2411(c)
Foreign Service Act 1980, USC 4004
Immigration and Nationality Act, USC 1202(f), Sec. 222(f)
Iran Claims Settlement Act, Public Law 99-99, Sec. 505
(b)(4)
Trade secrets and confidential commercial financial information
(b)(5)
Interagency intra-agency communications forming part the deliberative process,
attorney-client privilege, attorney work product
(b)(6)
Personal privacy information
(b)(7)
Law enforcement information whose disclosure would:
(A) interfere with enforcement proceedings
(B) deprive person fair trial
(C) constitute unwarranted invasion personal privacy
(D) disclose confidential sources
(E) disclose investigation techniques
(F) endanger life physical safety individual
(b)(8)
Prepared for government agency regulating supervising financial institutions
(b)(9)
Geological and geophysical information and data, including maps, concerning wells
Other Grounds for Withholding
Material not responsive FOIA request excised with the agreement the requester
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2018-00827 Doc No. C06655315 Date: 10/10/2018
From:
Sent:
To:
Cc:
Subject:
Brennan, Christopher
@nydailynews.com>
Wednesday, January 11, 2017 4:07
[RELEASE PART 86]
Winer, Jonathan 
winerj m@state.gov
Christopher Steele Daily News
Hello, name Christopher Brennan and reporter for the Daily News looking into get contact with the
Jonathan Winer here:
https:Uwww.linkedin.com/in/jonathan-winer-5b28ba64?trk=miniprofile-name-link writing story about the WSJ identifying Christopher Steele the source the Russian Trump dossier
currently circulating via Buzzfeed. saw that Mr. Winer Linked contact Mr. Steele and was wondering
could talk him, background otherwise, about Mr. Steeles work.
Please feel free call cell
Sincerely,
Christopher
Reporter Daily News
This transmission intended only for the use the addressee and may contain information that
confidential, privileged and/or exempt from disclosure under applicable law. you are not the intended
recipient, you are hereby notified that any dissemination, distribution copying the information
contained herein strictly unauthorized and prohibited. you have received this communication
error, please notify the sender immediately and delete this message. Thank you.
************(NJ)
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2018-00827 Doc No. C06655315 Date: 10/10/2018
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2018-00827 Doc No. C06655317 Date: 10/10/2018
STATE DEPARTMENT
NEWS CLIPS
[RELEASE FULLj
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 09, 2016 5:30 EST
TODAYS EDITION
Secretary State
Syria Suspends Offensive Aleppo Allow Evacuations,
Russia Says (DeYoung, WP) ...............................................
Russia Says Syria Halts Aleppo Combat Evacuate Citizens
(Barnard, NYT) .....................................................................
Russia Says Aleppo Combat Suspended, Residents Say
Let-Up (El Deeb, lsachenkov, AP) .......................................
Kerry Hopeful End Aleppo Siege US, Russia Eye
Deal (Meyer, BLOOM) ..........................................................
The Latest: Turkey Sends 300 More Troops Syria Border
(AP) .......................................................................................
Kerry Warns Europe, Others Against Authoritarian Populism
(Moulson, AP) .....................................................................
Editorials Op-Eds
Obamas Tenure Ends With Turf War Over Killing Terrorists
(Ignatius, WP) .....................................................................
Dismantling Climate Rules Isnt Easy (Buzbee, NYT) ...........
Donald Trump Warms (Collins, NYT) ....................................
Not Risky Climate Business (WSJ) ........................................
The Must Stand For Human Rights (Carter, WSJ) ...............
Whats Really Pushing Politics The Right? Immigration.
(Zakaria, WP) ......................................................................
Sorry Mad Dog, Waterboarding Works (Mitchell, WSJ) ..............
South Sudan Could Repeat Rwandas Horrors (WP) .................
Veiled Bigotry Germany (NYT) ................................................ Bumpy Peace For Colombia (Ruiz, NYT) ................................
The Ghosts Spain Tries Ignore (Hancox, NYT) .....................
Making South Africa Great Again (Msimang, NYT) ....................
Voices: Fidel Castro Already Just Memory (Gomez, USAT)20
State Department
Trumps Tough Talk Test New China Envoys Close Beijing
Ties (Chen, WSJ) ...............................................................
Model Farm China Highlight Xis Ties Iowa, Donald
Trumps Beijing Envoy (Chen, WSJ) ..................................
Trade
U.S. Chamber Said Tell Mexico Will Defend Nafta From
Trump (Sink, BLOOMPOL) ................................................
Congressional Activity
Visa Program For Afghans Under Threat For Helping U.S.
Renewed (Huetteman, NYT) ..............................................
Republican.s Ready Launch Wide-ranging Probe Russia,
Despite Trumps Stance (Demirjian, WP) ..........................
Government Shutdown Looms Over Stopgap Spending
Measure (Kaplan, NYT) ......................................................
Global Issues Trump Knocks Obama Climate, Firms Recommit
Carbon Reduction (Olson, Sweet, WSJ) ............................
U.S. Wants Send Guantanamo Detainee Israel For Trial
(Rosenberg, MCT) ..............................................................
Rhetoric Fascism Rise US, Europe, Warns (AFP)26
U.N. Says Nearly One Four Children Live Conflict
Disaster Zones (Gladstone, NYT) ......................................
Ex-Im Bank Critics, Supporters Look Donald Trump For Help
(Timiraos, WSJ) ..................................................................
ISIL
Obama Says U.S. Intelligence Missed The Rise The Islamic
State (Boyer, WT) ...............................................................
ISIS Graveyard: Senior Military Official Says 50K Killed Over
Last Years, Warns AQI 2.0 (Ernst, WT) ...................
Assad Supporters See Domino Effect Aleppo Government
Win (Mroue, AP) .................................................................
Aleppo Would Major Victory For Assad Regime And
Weaken Rebel Forces (Michaels, USAT) ..........................
Russia Says Over 8,000 Civilians Leave Eastern Aleppo (AP)
Hellish Conditions Engulf East Aleppo, While Life Goes
The West (Wirtschafter, Nabeel, USAT) ............................ Lethal Mistake Leads Harrowing Ambush Iraqs Mosul
(George, AP) .......................................................................
Kurds Looking Trump Post-Mosul Scramble (Munoz, WT)33 Official: 50,000 Islamic State Militants Killed Date
(Baldor, AP) ........................................................................ Calls For Attacks Bases Uneasy Island Bahrain
(Gambrell, AP) .................................................................... Envoy Says Syria Peace Talks Should Restart (AFP) ......... Spy Chief: Britain Not Safe Until Syrian War Ends (AP) .......
Russia Syria Sustains Terror Threat UK, Spy Chief Says
(Hodges, BLOOM) .............................................................. Syria Envoy Expects Meet With Trump Team (AP) ........ Syria Envoy Meet Trump Team (AFP) ............................
Syrian Rebels Pin Hopes Trump (Trofimov, WSJ) ................
Pentagon Works Ease Kurdish-Turkish Tensions Syria
(AFP) ...................................................................................
Chechnyas Leader Says Troops Would Fight Happily Syria
(lsachenkov, AP) ................................................................
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2018-00827 Doc No. C06655317 Date: 10/10/2018
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2018-00827 Doc No. C06655317 Date: 10/10/2018
MSF: Jordan Closure Blocked Syrians From Life-saving
Care (AP) ............................................................................
ISIS Remains Threat Libya Despite Defeat Surt,
Officials Say (Schmitt, NYT) ...............................................
European Central Bank Adds Half Trillion Euros Stimulus
(McHugh, AP) .....................................................................
E.C.B. Extends Bond-Buying Program Protect Eurozone
Economy (Ewing, NYT) ......................................................
ECB Expands Stimulus $2.4 Trillion Monthly Purchases
Slow (BLOOM) ................................................................... Paves Way For Visa-Free Deals With Ukraine, Georgia
(Norman, Van Tartwijk, WSJ) .............................................
EU: Little Progress From Turkey Visa Conditions (Cook, AP)63
Turkey Takes Further Steps Bolster Slumping Currency
(Candemir, WSJ) ................................................................
Turkeys Leader Renounces Foreign Currencies Boost Lira
(AP) .....................................................................................
Cyberattacks, Terrorism Pose Grave Threats The UK, Spy
Chief Says (Gross, WSJ) ...................................................
Banks Mull Post-Brexit Switch From London Paris (AFP) .....
Nigel Farage Has Some Radical International Trade Ideas For
Trump (Green, BLOOM) ..................................................... Proposes Sending Migrants Back Greece (Pop, WSJ) ...
Germany Launches 150mn Euro Aid Package For Returning
Migrants (AFP) ....................................................................
Killing I.RA Splinter Group Figure Rattles Irish City (OShea,
NYT) ....................................................................................
61-Year-Old German Identified Oakland Fire Victim (AP) .....
Near East North Africa
Iran Races Clinch Oil Deals Before Donald Trump Takes
Office (Erdbrink, Krauss, NYT) ...........................................
Iranian Government Opens Theme Park Where Children Learn Shoot U.S., Israel Flags: Report (Richardson, WT) .....
Emboldened Iran Hawks Eager Press Tehran Nuclear
Violations Under Trump (Sands, WT) ................................ Concerned About Upswing Libya Violence (AP) .............. The Battle For Control Key Oil Installations Libya,
Military Man Takes Center Stage (King, LAT) ...................
Rights Group Says May Complicit Yemen Atrocities
(Michael, AP) ...................................................................... Approves Aircraft Sales Arab Allies (AFP) ........
May Disclaims Foreign Ministers Remark Saudi Proxy War
(AP) .....................................................................................
Boris Johnson Lashes Out Saudi Arabia And Gets Stung
Home (Bilefsky, NYT) .........................................................
The British Government Doesnt Agree With Its Top Diplomat
About Saudi Arabia (Tharoor, WP) ....................................
Europe Eurasia
East Asia Pacific
German Intel Agency: Russia Trying Destabilize Germany
(Jordans, AP) ......................................................................
German Firms Place New Bets Russia (Bender, WSJ) ........
Putin: NGO Restrictions Needed Stem Foreign Influence
(AP) .....................................................................................
Carter Page, Ex-Trump Adviser With Russian Ties, Visits
Moscow (Nechepurenko, NYT) ..........................................
Trumps One-time Policy Adviser Moscow For Meetings
(Vasilyeva, AP) ...................................................................
Putin Caps Turnaround Year With Rosneft Deal Beating
Sanctions (Arkhipov, BLOOM) ...........................................
Journalist Crimea Charged With Extremism (AP) ...................
IOC President Bach Wants Life Bans For Proven Russian
Cheats (Dunbar, AP) ..........................................................
GOP, Dem Lawmakers Plan Probe Russian Hacking Role
U.S. Elections (Noble, WT) ................................................
Italian Populists Renew Anti-Euro Stance While Eyeing Power
(Demilio, AP) ......................................................................
Draghi Says Italy Must Address Weaknesses Matter What
Happens (BLOOM) .............................................................
Italy Says Thousands Nigerian Women Who Arrive
Migrants Are Forced Work Prostitutes (Kington,
LAT) .................................................................................... Secular France, Catholic Conservatism Makes Comeback
(McAuley, WP) ....................................................................
French Far-right Chief Nixes Free Class For Kids Illegals
(Ganley, AP) .......................................................................
Former French Official Convicted Tax Fraud (Morenne, NYT)58
ECB Extends But Scales Back Stimulus, Whipsawing Markets
(Fairless, WSJ) ................................................................... Official Warns North Korean Nuclear Capabilities
(Baldor, AP) ........................................................................
N.Korea Capable Launching Nuke, Does Not Master
Targeting: Official (AFP) ...............................................
North Korean Delegation Back From Paying Respects
Castro (AP) .........................................................................
South Korean Legislature Votes Impeach President Park
Geun-Hye (Stiles, LAT) ......................................................
South Korea Parliament Votes Impeach President Park
Geun-Hye (Sang-Hun, NYT) ..............................................
Park Geun-Hye Impeached South Korean National
Assembly (Cheng, WSJ) ....................................................
South Koreas Parliament Impeaches President Park Geun-Hye
Over Corruption Scandal (Fifield, Seo, WP) ......................
South Korea Votes Impeachment President (USAT) ............
South Korean President Impeached Stunning Fall (Klug,
Tong-Hyung, Kim, AP) .......................................................
China Exports Rise For First Time Since March (Magnier, WSJ)76
China Trade November Rebounds From Slump (McDonald,
AP) ......................................................................................
Chinese Takeover Aixtron Collapses After U.S. Ban (Wilkes,
WSJ) ...................................................................................
Report: Tibetan Buddhist Monk Self-immolates West China
(AP) .....................................................................................
Tsunami Warnings Are Cancelled After Big Pacific Earthquake
(AP) .....................................................................................
Hong Kongs Leader Says Wont Run For Another Term
(AP) .....................................................................................
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2018-00827 Doc No. C06655317 Date: 10/10/2018
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2018-00827 Doc No. C06655317 Date: 10/10/2018 Calls Myanmars Suu Kyi Visit Crisis-Hit Rakhine
(AFP) ...................................................................................
Indonesias Aceh Quake Death Toll Climbs Past 100
(Rachman, WSJ) ................................................................
Aid Groups Descend Indonesia Quake Zone; Deaths Reach
102 (Bakkara, Wright, AP) .................................................. Marine Pilot Dead After Japan Fighter Crash (AFP) .............
Japan Ratifies Pacific Trade Pact That Trump Plans Dump
(AP) .....................................................................................
Nigeria Looks Farming Oil Boom Fades And Hunger Sets (BLOOM) ........................................................................
Giraffes, Towering And Otherworldly, Are Vulnerable
Extinction (Healy, NYT) ......................................................
Network News Coverage
ABC: John Glenn-Death ..............................................................
ABC: Severe Weather-Snow .......................................................
ABC: Weather Tracking ...............................................................
ABC: South Carolina-Prison Break .............................................
ABC: Georgia Police Shooting-Second Officer Dead .................
ABC: Nevada-Armed Student Shot. ............................................
ABC: Trump-Carrier Jobs ............................................................
ABC: Trump-Transition ................................................................
ABC: Trump-The Apprentice .......................................................
ABC: Hillary Clinton-Harry Reid Tribute ......................................
ABC: Aleppo-Syrian Regime Regaining Ground ........................
ABC: Earthquakes-California, Solomon Islands .........................
ABC: American Life Expectancy Down .......................................
CBS: John Glenn-Death ..............................................................
CBS: Severe Weather-Snow .......................................................
CBS: Weather Tracking ...............................................................
CBS: Trump-Carrier Jobs ............................................................
CBS: Trump-Transition ................................................................
CBS: Trump-The Apprentice .......................................................
CBS: Aleppo-Syrian Regime Regaining Ground ........................
CBS: Health-E-Cigarette Warnings .............................................
CBS: Georgia Police Shooting-Second Officer Dead ............... 100
CBS: American Life Expectancy Down ..................................... 100
NBC: John Glenn-Death ............................................................ 100
NBC: Severe Weather-Snow ..................................................... 100
NBC: Weather Tracking ............................................................. 101
NBC: Georgia Police Shooting-Second Officer Dead ............... 101
NBC: Nevada-Armed Student Shot... ........................................ 101
NBC: Trump-Transition .............................................................. 102
NBC: Trump-Carrier Jobs .......................................................... 102
NBC: Trump-The Apprentice ..................................................... 102
NBC: Hillary Clinton-Harry Reid Tribute .................................... 102
NBC: Health-Mumps Outbreaks ................................................ 102
NBC: In-Flight Phone Calls Proposal. ....................................... 103
NBC: American Life Expectancy Down ..................................... 103
South Central Asia
Defense Secretary Carter Makes Surprise Visit Afghanistan
(Burns, AP) .........................................................................
Sri Lanka Sell 80% Stake Strategically Placed Harbor
Chinese (Fairclough, Jayasinghe, WSJ) ............................ Was The Voice Generation Pakistan. Then Pop
Singer Junaid Jamshed Found God (Bengali, Sahi, LAT).
Western Hemisphere
Biden Says World Will Look Liberal Trudeau (Gillies, AP) ....
Canada Wonders, U.S. Balks, Carbon Pricing Still The
Answer (Austen, NYT) ........................................................
Cubas Surge Tourism Keeps Food Off Residents Plates
(Ahmed, NYT) .....................................................................
Mexican Leftist Senators Defend Battering Trump Pinata (AP).
Mexico General Says Army Not Happy With Law-Enforcement
Role (AP) ............................................................................
Bolivian Official Breaks Silence About Air Crash Colombia
(AP) .....................................................................................
Sub-Saharan Africa
Ghanas Opposition Candidate Confident Hes Won (AFP) ...... More Political Prisoners Released Gambia (AP) ...............
Gambias New Leader Claims Militarys Support (AFP) .............
Somali Political Leaders Presidential Polls For Dec.
(Guled, AP) .........................................................................
Angola Awaits Successor Long-Ruling Leader Dos Santos
(AFP) ...................................................................................
Zuma Defies Calls Quit Rural Premier Bloc Has His Back
(BLOOMPOL) .....................................................................
Britains Finance Chief Sees More Trade With South Africa (AP)91
Liberia Asks Extend Mission For Another Year (AFP) ....
PARIS Russia said late Thursday that the Syrian military
has suspended its combat operations eastern Aleppo
allow civilians leave the city and that had reached
agreement with the United States negotiate the safe
departure rebel fighters.
SECRETARY STATE
Syria Suspends Offensive Aleppo Allow
Evacuations, Russia Says (DeYoung, WP)
Thursday, December 2016
Washington Post Karen DeYoung senior U.S. State Department official here traveling with
Secretary State John Kerry said that neither those
assertions could yet confirmed but that Kerry was
contact with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2018-00827 Doc No. C06655317 Date: 10/10/2018
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2018-00827 Doc No. C06655317 Date: 10/10/2018
There were conflicting reports from inside Aleppo, where
some residents reported sudden quiet, but others said
neighborhoods were still under fire. Wednesday, many 150 elderly residents Aleppos Old City were evacuated the government joint operation with the International
Red Cross.
The hope that talks Geneva will move quickly Syriawide cease-fire that will allow the delivery humanitarian aid hundreds thousands besieged communities across
the western third the country, and restart political talks
between the opposition and the government President
Bashar al-Assad over political transition.
Lavrov, speaking Russian journalists Hamburg, said
much bigger evacuation was underway. Yet another and the
biggest [operation] far ... evacuate the civilians willing leave the place underway there, said, according
Russias state-owned Tass news agency. There are some
8,000 people the column. Thats huge operation, and the
withdrawal route five kilometers long.
Given that more than year start-and-stop negotiations
have failed halt the carnage Syria, optimism was
tempered. that occurs, obviously would welcome that
development, Earnest said. wont some sort
accident coincidence .... will the product and the
result skilled, principled, tough, tenacious diplomacy, and
much the credit will Secretary Kerry.
Kerry and Lavrov met twice Thursday morning Hamburg,
where they were attending international conference. Kerry
left midday for Paris, and the two spoke again telephone the afternoon, said the official, who spoke the condition anonymity discuss the diplomatic contacts.
But well see what happens, said.
Louisa Loveluck Beirut contributed this report.
Back Top
Russia Says Syria Halts Aleppo Combat
Evacuate Citizens (Barnard, NYT)
The White House, which has long been skeptical
Moscows sincerity its discussions Syria, reacted
guardedly. Our approach this situation from the beginning
has been listen carefully what the Russians say but
scrutinize their actions, press secretary Josh Earnest said.
Thursday, December 2016
New York Times Anne Barnard
BEIRUT, Lebanon Russian officials said Thursday that the
Syrian Army had stopped combat operations the divided
city Aleppo order evacuate civilians, but residents
the rebel-held enclave reported that after day intense
bombardment, fighting was continuing.
Last summer, the United States suspended military and
diplomatic expert talks with Russia Geneva over
possible cease-fire Syria when the Syrian governments
siege eastern Aleppo began, aided Russian air attacks. ferocious government ground offensive the past few
weeks, with hundreds reported civilian deaths, has retaken
all but about quarter the territory the opposition once held the city. many 200,000 civilians, and several
thousand rebels, are said remain there.
Russias foreign minister, Sergey Lavrov, said that the
pause would allow for 8,000 civilians evacuated, after
forces loyal the Syrian government recaptured threequarters the territory rebels had held for four years.
Mr. Lavrov, who spoke the sidelines meeting
foreign ministers Germany, did not offer specifics
evacuation plan. But civilians inside the remaining rebel-held
districts eastern Aleppo were state panic after day which rescue workers said 150 airstrikes had killed least people and which residents said they were unable
flee because the intense combat.
Lavrov said that and Kerry had reached agreement
restart the Geneva talks Saturday determine the ways
and methods final settlement the eastern Aleppo
problem through the departure all militants and those
civilian residents, who will wish so, from there, the
Russian news agency lnterfax reported from Hamburg.
The State Department official said the resumption expert
talks had been discussed but had not been finalized
late Thursday.
Residents said telephone that they could hear drones and
tank fire and that they feared government forces were closing the few neighborhoods still held rebels. Several said
they had not heard evacuation offers and begged told any chances escape.
The immediate Kerry-Lavrov discussions are about
evacuating Aleppo and determining the timing, the safety
and where [opposition fighters and civilians] are going go,
the State Department official said. France will host meeting
here Saturday morning the United States and other
governments Europe and the region the conflict
discuss the process. the United Nations, the agencys envoy for Syria, Staffan Mistura, told reporters could not verify whether the
fighting had stopped whether civilians were being allowed evacuate, and pressed the government authorities let
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2018-00827 Doc No. C06655317 Date: 10/10/2018
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2018-00827 Doc No. C06655317 Date: 10/10/2018
them leave safely and with protection from United Nations
staff.
Bombs containing chlorine, banned weapon
international law, fell the front line near the Kalasseh
neighborhood, sickening about people, the White Helmets
said.
His remarks followed closed-door session the Security
Council, which Mr. Mistura said that government forces
could take control the remaining rebel-held parts Aleppo the end the year and that rebel forces should allowed leave the city safely, they wished, according diplomats
present.
Salem Abul Nasser, dentist, said had hoped for few
quiet hours after Mr. Lavrov spoke and had fallen asleep, only wakened when corpse man newly killed the
front line and another person apparently suffering from
chlorine inhalation were brought his clinic.
The United States, which has backed elements the
opposition President Bashar al-Assad Syria, cautiously
welcomed Mr. Lavrovs remarks.
Showing the body over online video chat, broke into
tears, saying: was hoping would real cease-fire. Now deeply disappointed and pessimistic. The shelling
resumed now; can hear it.
Josh Earnest, the White House spokesman, called them
indication that something positive could happen, but were
going have wait and see. added, Our approach
the situation has been listen carefully what the Russians
say, but scrutinize their actions.
The United Nations humanitarian chief, Jan Egeland,
expressed frustration that aid deliveries had not been
approved the Syrian government November when
front lines were more stable and that now the United
States and Russia, well the Syrian combatants, could
not agree plan deliver aid and evacuate civilians who
want leave.
Pleas for help from eastern Aleppo escalated Thursday,
with doctors warning that they could longer provide more
than first aid. Some residents reached via telephone and text
message were fleeing from the front lines into the center
the shrinking enclave, while others stayed near the edges,
hoping evacuate but complaining that the combatants
would not pause let them escape.
Russias Foreign Ministry issued angry and sarcastic
response statement from six Western countries day
earlier that had warned humanitarian catastrophe
Aleppo. The ministry said that Russia was providing aid
residents said had been liberated from terrorist
occupation.
The recapture most the rebel-held part Aleppo the
government potential turning point Syrias war, which
began 2011 with largely peaceful street protests
demanding political change and evolved into armed conflict
after government crackdowns. you are ready render aid residents Aleppo, let
know where this aid located, the statement said. And
you just dont have any aid, letters and empty promises wont
fill bellies Aleppos residents!
Mr. Assad told Watan, pro-government newspaper, that
victory Aleppo doesnt mean the end the war Syria. significant landmark toward the end the battle, but the
war Syria will not end until terrorism eliminated, said,
referring insurgents.
Mr. Lavrovs comments halt fighting came the eve new efforts, albeit entirely symbolic, the United Nations press for pause fighting. Led Canada, the United
Nations General Assembly scheduled vote draft
resolution that calls for cessation hostilities for
undefined period time and that allows humanitarian aid delivered. would have force law.
The International Committee the Red Cross said that had
evacuated more than 140 civilians from part Aleppos old
city that had been retaken the government, mainly
residents home for older people, and that had
recovered the bodies people who had died lack
medical care.
The Russian ambassador, Vitaly Churkin, described
not very effective.
Back Top
The White Helmets organization, which rescues people from
bombing sites and has financing from Western countries,
issued statement saying that feared massacre, and
asking evacuate its volunteers, who have been accused
the Syrian government colluding with terrorists. are
not evacuated, our volunteers face torture and execution
the regimes detention centers, the statement said. have
good reason fear for our lives.
Russia Says Aleppo Combat Suspended,
Residents Say Let-Up (El Deeb,
lsachenkov, AP)
Thursday, December 2016
Associated Press Sarah Deeb And Vladimir lsachenkov
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2018-00827 Doc No. C06655317 Date: 10/10/2018
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2018-00827 Doc No. C06655317 Date: 10/10/2018
BEIRUT (AP) Russia said the Syrian army was suspending
combat operations Aleppo late Thursday allow for the
evacuation civilians from besieged rebel-held
neighborhoods, but residents and fighters reported let-up the bombing and shelling campaign the oppositions
ever-shrinking enclave.
Medical officials the enclave issued passionate plea for
cease-fire.
Aleppo finished. There nothing left except few
residents and bricks, Mohammed Abu Jaafar, the head
the eastern Aleppo forensic authority, said recorded
message shared with reporters. This may last call.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, speaking
Germany after talks with U.S. Secretary State John Kerry,
said military experts and diplomats would meet Saturday
Geneva work out details the rebels exit from Aleppos
eastern neighborhoods, along with civilians who were willing leave the city. early afternoon, Abu Jaafar said bodies had arrived
his facility from all over eastern Aleppo, although
comprehensive death toll for the day was not possible
because the intense fighting. Residents described streets
littered with bodies ambulances and rescue workers
struggled keep up.
Lavrov said the Syrian army suspended combat action late
Thursday allow some 8,000 civilians leave the city
convoy spreading across five-kilometer (three-mile) route.
However, opposition activists said there was halt the
government offensive.
The rebel defenses have buckled amid the wide-ranging
government offensive, which opened number fronts
once and was preceded intensive aerial campaign.
More than three-quarters the rebel sector has now fallen,
including the symbolically important ancient Aleppo quarters.
More than 30,000 the estimated 275,000 residents the
besieged eastern enclave have fled western Aleppo.
Battles are intense, said message from rebel operation
room shared with The Associated Press. Other residents
reported warplanes firing from machine guns rebel
positions and artillery shells falling the remaining rebelcontrolled districts.
The Syrian government has dismissed proposal for
cease-fire put forward the rebels Wednesday. comments published Thursday the state-owned alWatan newspaper, Assad said would longer
consider truce offers, adding that such proposals, particularly the Americans, often come when the rebels are
difficult spot. Washington, State Department spokeswoman Elizabeth
Trudeau said the U.S. was focused de-escalating the
violence Aleppo allow aid into the city and enable people
wishing stay their homes so.
She said Kerry and Lavrov continued talks Thursday with
the goal securing cease-fire and the safe departure
those who wish leave the city. She said details
Saturdays U.S.-Russian technical discussions Geneva
were still being worked out.
That why hear wailing and screaming and pleas for
truces the only political discourse now, Assad said. said that while victory Syrian government forces
the battle for Aleppo would big gain, will not end the
countrys civil war.
Earlier, Geneva, U.N. special adviser Jan Egeland said
efforts evacuate hundreds wounded people from eastern
Aleppo had stalled following deadly attack this week
Russian military hospital that left two Russian nurses dead
and doctor seriously wounded.
Liberating Aleppo from the terrorists deals blow the
whole foundation this project, said. But added, realistic, doesnt mean the end the war. Thursday, opposition activists reported intensive bombing the al-Sukkari and Kallaseh neighborhoods still under rebel
control. with bitterness and frustration that have report that have not been able even evacuate the wounded,
Egeland said. The member states that are supposed help get access civilians the cross-fire are poles apart
how they regard what happening Syria.
AI-Sukkari the southern part eastern Aleppo, area
that has become home the majority the displaced
civilians who stayed behind; Kallaseh near the Old City.
Footage the Syrian military showed intensive shelling
Bustan al-Qasr, frontline neighborhood that links the rebelheld eastern and government-controlled western parts the
divided city. said Syrian President Bashar Assads government had
authorized U.N.-organized aid shipments into eastern Aleppo
for the first time. However, provided details about how
the aid might get where would go, and past
agreements have fallen through before any aid could
delivered.
The International Committee for the Red Cross said that
had evacuated 148 disabled civilians and others need
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urgent care from facility Aleppos Old City after fighting
calmed down there.
immediate cease-fire allowing for humanitarian access
eastern Aleppo and return political process. Syrias sixyear-old war, which has killed about 300,000 people and
displaced millions, dominated discussions the sidelines
the conference Germany. Several hundred thousand
civilians remain trapped eastern Aleppo.
The evacuation, undertaken jointly with the Syrian Arab Red
Crescent, was completed late Wednesday, the Red Cross
said statement. The people had been trapped facility
that was originally home for the elderly and included
mentally and physically disabled patients, well injured
civilians who had sought refuge there.
Russian-backed air strikes have propelled Syrian forces and
their allies deeper into rebel-held sections the city, Syrias
former commercial capital, where theyve seized percent territory once controlled opposition fighters. The U.S.,
U.K., France, Germany, Italy and Canada issued joint
statement Wednesday condemning the assault and singling
out Russia for preventing humanitarian access.Final
Resolution
They were forgotten, said Pawel Krzysiek, the agencys
communication coordinator Damascus. The evacuees
were taken hospital and shelters the western,
government-held part Aleppo.
lsachenkov reported from Moscow. Associated Press writers
Nataliya Vasilyeva Moscow, Jamey Keaten Geneva and
Bradley Klapper Washington contributed this report.
Lavrov said the current round talks aims lead the final
resolution the east Aleppo problem through the exit all
militants. Kerry said was hopeful for breakthrough,
without elaborating. previous cease-fire agreement,
thrashed out following months negotiations between
Russia and the U.S., collapsed September after only
week.
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redistributed. Learn more about our Privacy Policy and Terms Use.
The Russian foreign minister rejected accusations that the
Kremlin holding solution the conflict, accusing the
United Nations special envoy Syria, Staffan Mistura,
sabotaging the peace process. The UN, which has
suspended talks because western-backed Syrian opposition
forces have balked attending, should convene new round
anyway, Lavrov said.
Copyright 2016 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This
material may not published, broadcast, rewritten,
redistributed.
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Kerry Hopeful End Aleppo Siege
US, Russia Eye Deal (Meyer, BLOOM)
Thursday, December 2016
Bloomberg News Henry Meyer
Tension between the Kremlin and the U.S. and European
allies spilled over the OSCE meeting, with Lavrov during
the session citing the myth Russian threat.Lavrov
Retort
The U.S. and Russia introduced fresh push toward sealing agreement halt the siege Aleppo Syrian
government forces tighten their grip the opposition
stronghold. urge end warlike rhetoric, which continues every
day, Lavrov told the group, referring NATOs expansion
into former Soviet territory. you want invite your partners
for dialogue, then you shouldnt start with accusations and
demands hold dialogue based ultimatums.
U.S. Secretary State John Kerry and Russian Foreign
Minister Sergei Lavrov met three times hours the
German port city Hamburg the sidelines gathering the Organization for Security and Cooperation Europe.
Lavrov said U.S. and Russian diplomats and military experts
will resume talks Saturday Geneva.
German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier, the
meetings host, lamented the heightened tension with the
Kremlin and addressed other conflicts within the OSCEs
remit, including the the stalled peace process eastern
Ukraine, which called unacceptable. Kerry called for full
implementation the so-called Minsk accord that sets out
cease-fire and political measures Ukraine. are working something, Kerry told reporters
emerged from bilateral meeting with Lavrov before leaving
the international gathering. Hell attend meeting
European and Arab allies Saturday Paris discuss
Syria.
Our foundations have become fragile, the tone has become
more bitter, especially between the east and west,
Steinmeier told reporters earlier the German port city.
The flurry diplomacy comes pressure builds the
Kremlin use its leverage over its Syrian ally push for
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Earlier, Kerry and Lavrov discussed multilateral efforts
achieve cessation hostilities Aleppo and the delivery humanitarian aid, the State Department said
statement.Aleppo Fighting
Sergey Lavrov said Thursday after talks with U.S. Secretary State John Kerry Hamburg that they agreed call
meeting military experts and diplomats Geneva
Saturday. number Syrian rebel factions asked for five-day pause fighting allow for the evacuation civilians and the
wounded, the Associated Press reported. The rebel
statement made mention pullout militants
demanded Russia, the said. said they would work document outlining details
the rebels exit from Aleppos eastern neighborhoods, along
with civilians who are also willing leave the city.
The Syrian government has dismissed calls for cease-fire, its troops press their offensive the rebel-held enclave.
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Ryabkov said
Thursday that the U.S. and Russia were moving close
agreement Aleppo, lnterfax reported. The ministry said
later that the U.S. had agreed facilitate the rebels
departure. Lavrov said Tuesday Moscow that the
terrorists holed Aleppo will destroyed they
refuse leave nicely.
Lavrov says the Syrian army suspended its advance
Thursday allow some 8,000 civilians leave the city
convoy spreading across kilometers (more than miles).
6:40 p.m. senior Russian diplomat has dismissed Western threat
new sanctions over Syria sign political impotence.
Capturing Aleppo, once Syrias biggest city, would hand
Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad control all major urban
centers, marking turning point the war. Russias military
intervention September 2015 averted the Syrian
leaderships collapse and allowed Assads forces
decisively push back rebel forces.
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Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said Thursday that
statement from the United States and five other Western
powers raising the threat additional sanctions against the
supporters Syrian President Bashar Assad was cowardly. joint statement Wednesday, the leaders Britain,
Germany, Italy, France, Canada and the U.S. called for
immediate cease-fire the Syrian city Aleppo and said
they were ready consider additional restrictive measures
against individuals and entities that act for behalf the
Syrian regime.
The Latest: Turkey Sends 300 More Troops
Syria Border (AP)
Thursday, December 2016
Associated Press
BEIRUT (AP)
local):
The Latest the conflict Syria (all times
9:40 p.m.
Russian news agencies quoted Ryabkov saying that the
threat sanctions reflects complete political impotence
this group nations.
Turkeys state-run news agency says 300 commandos have
deployed the border area with Syria.
5:45 p.m.
Anadolu said Thursday that the commandos would join
Turkeys Operation Euphrates Shield, which aims drive
Islamic State militants and Kurdish forces out strategic
area northern Syria. U.N. aid official says Syrias government has authorized
U.N.-organized aid shipments into eastern Aleppo for the first
time.
Jan Egeland provided details about how the aid might get where would eastern Aleppo, where President
Bashar Assads forces have made recent inroads
recapture areas from opposition fighters.
The report did not specify they had crossed into Syria.
Turkey supports anti-government forces Syria and has
military presence the northern Syrian town Jarablus and the outskirts the IS-held town al-Bab.
Egeland said Thursday Geneva that efforts evacuate
hundreds wounded people from eastern Aleppo stalled
after deadly attack Russian military hospital
government-controlled west Aleppo last week.
7:45 p.m.
Russias foreign minister says Moscow and Washington have
agreed call meeting discuss the withdrawal Syrian
rebels from Aleppo. said the government finally agreed U.N. plan
deliver aid across front lines and reach about percent
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930,000 people besieged areas across Syria. Such
approvals, however, not always result actual deliveries.
Syria opposition activists are reporting intense government
bombings number neighborhoods that remain under
rebel control the city Aleppo.
They say clashes are underway Thursday along the fastmoving front line. The opposition Local Coordination
Committees says government airstrikes and artillery hit
least six rebel-held neighborhoods central and
southeastern Aleppo
5:10 p.m.
Syrian opposition activists say Islamic State militants have
seized territory near Palmyra, home famed Roman ruins. seized Palmyra and held for months before being
driven out Russian-backed Syrian government forces
March. During their reign, the extremists destroyed number 2,000-year-old monuments and artifacts.
Opposition Thiqa news agency says the government dropped
barrel bombs al-Sukkari and Kallaseh neighborhoods.
Syrian troops and allied militiamen moved swiftly into rebelheld eastern Aleppo less than two weeks ago and are now
control more than three quarters the besieged rebel
enclave.
Rami Abdurrahman, head the Syrian Observatory for
Human Rights, says launched two-pronged attack
government forces Thursday, advancing within miles
kilometers) the town.
Activists are struggling document casualties because
street clashes and intense bombings.
The Palmyra Coordination Committee, another opposition
group, says advanced from the south and north, capturing
government checkpoints and number small villages, and
approaching gas fields and grain silos.
The Syrian Civil Defense Aleppo says was able record killed Wednesdays violence. The Syrian Observatory
for Human Rights said were killed Aleppos Old City,
which was seized the government Wednesday.
The IS-run Aamaq news agency posted video four
captured government soldiers.
12:15 p.m.
2:45 p.m. senior Turkish official says the fate the Syrian city
Aleppo has dominated high-level talks between Turkey and
Russia.
The International Committee for the Red Cross says has
evacuated 148 disabled civilians and others need urgent
care from facility Aleppos Old City that now under
Syrian government control.
Turkeys presidential spokesman, Ibrahim Kalin, said
Thursday there was intense diplomatic activity order
bring about cease-fire and the delivery humanitarian aid. says the events taking place Aleppo are serious
concern all us.
ICRC said statement Thursday that the evacuation
was possible after fighting calmed down that part the
city. said the evacuation was undertaken jointly with the
Syrian Arab Red Crescent and was completed late
Wednesday.
Kalin says Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan
personally engaged the effort and has spoken three times
with his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin.
The government secured the area after repelling rebels, who
retreated the south.
Pawel Krzysiek, ICRC communication coordinator
Damascus, says the evacuees had been forgotten amid the
fighting.
The Syrian government with the help its allies has regained
almost complete control the eastern neighborhoods the
divided city devastating military offensive. says they were trapped facility that was originally
home for the elderly. They include mental health patients,
elderly orphans, and patients with physical disabilities. Some
were injured civilians who had sought refuge there.
Russia key ally the Syrian government and has been
carrying out airstrikes for more than year support
President Bashar Assads forces. Turkey leading sponsor the opposition.
Krzysiek says they were evacuated hospital and shelters
the western, government-held part Aleppo.
1:05 p.m.
11:30 a.m.
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Syrian President Bashar Assad says victory the battle for
Aleppo will big gain for his government but that will
not the end the war Syria.
Thursday, December 2016
Associated Press Geir Moulson interview published Thursday the state-owned
newspaper al-Watan, Assad described his forces fight
Aleppo one against terrorism and conspiracy destroy
and divide Syria, allegedly led Turkey.
BERLIN (AP) U.S. Secretary State John Kerry warned
countries from Europe and beyond Thursday beware increasing danger authoritarian populism.
Kerry spoke meeting Hamburg foreign ministers
from the 57-nation Organization for Security and Cooperation Europe. The group, chaired Germany this year, includes
European Union countries, the U.S., Russia, Ukraine, Turkey,
Central Asian nations and others.
Assad says that liberating Aleppo from the terrorists deals
blow the whole foundation this project.
With Aleppo, Syrias largest city and former commercial heart,
the capital Damascus and Homs, the third largest city
under his control, Assad says terrorists longer hold any
cards. too many places the OSCE region, said, there has
been rise authoritarian thinking, accompanied
backsliding human rights, restrictions independent
media, spike acts intolerance and hate crimes, Kerry
said.
But added, realistic, doesnt mean the end the
war.
Even finish Aleppo, will carry with the war
against them.
Bigotry, repression and the silencing dissent cannot
become the new normal for any us, added. Every chip
away the fundamentals freedom actually ugly
building block the road tyranny. And the fact that all
need aware the danger authoritarian populism.
9:40 a.m. Russian deputy foreign minister says Russia close
reaching deal with the United States cease-fire for the
besieged Syrian city Aleppo.
Kerry didnt single out any country person for specific
criticism. However, cited growing corruption too many
countries, the increasing authoritarianism, moves certain
leaders change constitutions effort consolidate
power, false news being spread through new platforms the
media, torture being actually advocated certain quarters.
The Syrian government and its ally Russia have rejected
previous calls for truce for the war-torn city, keeping the
military offensive that has squeezed and forced rebels
retreat several areas.
The two-day OSCE meeting isnt expected produce
concrete decisions.
Russian news agencies Thursday quoted Deputy Foreign
Minister Sergei Ryabkov saying that Moscow and
Washington are close reaching understanding
Aleppo but warned against high expectations.
But German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier said
that the OSCE has become even more important these
times crisis organization preserve peace and
security Europe. The group has deployed monitors
oversee peace efforts Ukraine.
U.S. Secretary State John Kerry and Russian Foreign
Minister Sergey Lavrov met Wednesday Germany but
didnt release any statements.
Ryabkov said the Kerry-Lavrov talks were extensive but said final deal has not been worked out yet.
Steinmeier and Kerry both met separately with Russian
Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov Wednesday evening
discuss Syria, among other issues.
2016 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This
material may not published, broadcast, rewritten
redistributed. Learn more about our Privacy Policy and Terms Use. comments the conference, none them mentioned
Syria. Kerry, however, said that the interests all
concerned end the suffering and the stalemate Ukraine.
Ongoing violence, added, must not allowed obscure
Ukraines longer-term challenge building healthy
democracy and fighting corruption.
Copyright 2016 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This
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2016 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This
material may not published, broadcast, rewritten
redistributed. Learn more about our Privacy Policy and Terms Use.
Kerry Warns Europe, Others Against
Authoritarian Populism (Moulson, AP)
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Copyright 2016 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This
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operatives Iraq and Syria. U.S. conventional attacks have
killed about 30,000, for total body count more than
50,000.
The interagency flap about SOCOMs expanded role said have begun after National Security Council deputies
committee meeting, which White House official asked
which agency was targeting external operations Islamic
State operatives. senior military official answered that was
JSOC. This apparently triggered protests that the CIA should
have such coordinating responsibility.
EDITORIALS OP-EDS
Obamas Tenure Ends With Turf War Over
Killing Terrorists (Ignatius, WP)
Thursday, December 2016
Washington Post David Ignatius
The CIAs concern was apparently roused partly JSOC
intelligence fusion operation, known Gallant Phoenix,
Arab country bordering Syria. That effort, begun about two
years ago, now has more than dozen member countries.
has fed information about foreign fighters counterterrorism
officials Spain, Germany, France, Portugal and other
countries, military sources said.
Given the turf wars and interagency rivalries that have long
surrounded U.S. Special Operations forces, President
Obama probably didnt the commandos any favors when delivered his last big military speech the base Tampa
where theyre headquartered.
The CIA and JSOC both conduct roughly the same number
drone flights every day. But the sources said that the
militarys drones conducted more than 20,000 strikes over the
past year, Afghanistan, Yemen and Syria, while the CIA
said have struck fewer than dozen targets over that
period.
Obamas visit Tuesday MacDill Air Force Base, home
U.S. Special Operations Command, SOCOM, was many
ways endorsement its mission combat terrorism. For
all Obamas wariness about using conventional military
power, has embraced the role covert commander
chief, most notably the 2011 raid that killed Osama bin
Laden.
Since the bin Laden raid, Special Operations forces may
have become too visible for their own good. The celebrity
SEAL Team and other special units spawned jealousy from
conventional military units that felt their role was being
ignored. This sort intra-military rivalry with commando units
has existed since Gen. Maxwell Taylor helped popularize
the Green Berets counterinsurgency force during the
early 1960s.
Obamas Tampa trip came the Pentagon and CIA were
buzzing about what critics claimed was power grab the
Joint Special Operations Command, the super-secret group
that manages most military counterterrorism strikes. The flap
centered Nov. Post article that said JSOC had
received expanded power track, plan and potentially
launch attacks terrorist cells around the globe.
The CIA oversaw much the United States drone warfare
during the first half Obamas presidency, when was
targeting al-Qaeda operatives Pakistan. But the agencys
focus such counterterrorism direct action appears
have diminished over the past several years.
Military officials deny that theres any formal expansion
authority for JSOC its parent organization, SOCOM. But
the clandestine military unit has indeed become Obamas
preferred instrument for killing terrorists, filling role once
played mainly the CIAs Counterterrorism Center. The
Trump administration will doubtless make its own judgments
about the respective missions. U.S. official said the agency continues play very
significant role efforts, including targeting Islamic State
external operations.
JSOCs role rarely discussed publicly. But Defense
Secretary Ashton Carter opened window when said Oct. news conference Paris: have put our Joint
Special Operations Command the lead countering [the
Islamic States] external operations. And have already
achieved very significant results both reducing the flow
foreign fighters and removing [Islamic State] leaders from the
battlefield.
Obamas Tampa speech highlighted his preference for
Special Operations forces and their small-footprint tactics, opposed big conventional assaults. said the United
States had attacked Islamic State fighters Iraq and Syria
not with American battalions but with local forces backed
our equipment and our advisers and, importantly, our special
forces.
The U.S. assaults cited Carter have been far deadlier than generally recognized. Military sources say that drone
strikes have killed between 20,000 and 25,000 Islamic State
Obama took credit, too, for the drone attacks that have
proved deadly against extremist targets. dangerous
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world, terrorists seek out places where its often impossible
capture them .... And that means the best option for
get those terrorists becomes targeted strike.
rooted statutory language, court precedents and careful
documentation environmental, technological and market
facts. the climate, for example, three Supreme Court
decisions established that federal climate action required the Clean Air Acts broad language; and the E.P.A. then,
via another rule upheld the judiciary, documented
substantial climate risks.
One unlikely legacy Obamas presidency that made
the secret, once-impermissible tactic targeted killing the
preferred tool American counterterrorism policy.
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Moreover, the enormous administrative record compiled
buttress the rationale and architecture the Clean Power
Plan details how state and corporate leaders have
transformed energy markets, engaged energy and pollution
trading and improved environmental performance.
partisan advocates, Mr. Pruitt and his allies could exaggerate
regulatory costs, ignore clean energy employment trends and
disregard the health risks burning coal. The E.P.A. cant.
Dismantling Climate Rules Isnt Easy
(Buzbee, NYT)
Thursday, December 2016
New York Times William Buzbee
Donald Trump has named Scott Pruitt, leading opponent President Obamas signature environmental initiatives,
his nominee head the Environmental Protection Agency.
Mr. Pruitt, Oklahomas attorney general, closely linked
fossil fuel industries and climate change skeptic. was
most likely chosen reverse these environmental initiatives, deeply disturbing turn the nations effort slow climate
change.
Market and environmental reality matter because the Clean
Air Act requires regulation based what best and
adequately demonstrated. Similarly, the waters rule was
based sweeping survey all peer-reviewed science that
will also constrain future rollback efforts.
These empirical groundings for rules are not just made-up.
Mr. Pruitt and the incoming Trump administration cannot
simply rely their preferences baseless claims about
science and markets. Decades law, much created
conservatives judicial heroes, require presidents and
agencies abide the rule law and justify regulatory
reversals. They have take hard look science and other
underlying facts. ruling the United States Court
Appeals for the District Columbia Circuit upholding the
Clean Power Plan would further constrain the new president
and Mr. Pruitt.
Fortunately, law and reality constrain presidents and agency
heads. deeply ingrained federalism traditions that leave
room for state leadership the environment. Collectively,
law, reality and regulatory choices states would create
bulwark against abrupt changes Mr. Pruitt and the
president. Wholesale regulatory rollbacks presidential fiat
are difficult accomplish. Radical change would probably
require Congress amend long-enduring environmental
statutes.
Two the most controversial Obama administration
environmental regulations
the Clean Power Plan
governing greenhouse gas emissions from existing power
plants, and the Waters the United States rule defining
federally protected waters have been fiercely fought Mr.
Pruitt and his allies and opposed Mr. Trump during the
campaign.
What about legislative attack? Past blunderbuss efforts
weaken environmental laws through congressional actions
Republicans have met with painful defeat, former House
Speaker Newt Gingrich can attest about his failed mid-1990s
rollback efforts. Even narrow legislative bills proposing
regulatory turnarounds face filibuster threats under current
Senate rules. The Congressional Review Act allows
Congress, expedited basis, overturn rules approved the final days presidency, but not rules issued many
months years ago.
The president-elects supporters have been crowing that his
agency heads can use the presidents executive power
dismantle Obama-era rules, much critics claimed
President Obama did inappropriately impose those
regulations. reality, presidents executive power
constrained what the laws allow. Mr. Trump and Mr. Pruitt
will have faithfully execute those laws. state litigator,
Mr. Pruitt could criticize federal policy and sue, but the
E.P.A. administrator, may struggle achieve his goals. the climate front, many the reductions greenhouse
gas emissions and cleaner energy innovations have resulted
from state initiatives, although some states like Oklahoma,
where Mr. Pruitt from
resist. Federal law and
constitutional norms make federal pre-emption such statelevel leadership illegal under most laws and highly unlikely
under any future laws. Even when federal progress falters,
states can more. Climate denialists charge the
executive branch cannot halt energy and technological
Regulatory reversals lacking legal factual basis would
result lawsuits citizens, states and industries supporting
the regulations. Challengers would argue that the rules are
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transformations already underway, especially when those are result state policies and are linked private innovations.
change, while waited for the chance break and talk
about how tremendous, enormous, historic and stupendous
his election victory was. This seems happen lot E.P.A. led anti-regulatory zealot will benefit from
deference from the courts, especially when slows new
initiatives, adopts lax enforcement policies, engages
collusive settlements proposes reconsideration past
actions. Foot-dragging hard remedy. However, science,
data, statutory requirements, Supreme Court precedents,
existing regulations, state progress and the huge clean
energy industrial sector will constrain regulatory rollbacks
the wholesale loss progress slow climate change. Under
the Constitution and rule law, change presidential fiat
not option.
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Also, its perfectly possible that the time Trump sat down
with Gore, longer remembered who was appointing the E.P.A. Perhaps didnt remember that Gore cared
about the environment. The key this mans success, you
understand, failure recall anything that happened before
his most recent meal.
The selection Trump administration has been sort
mesmerizing its own awful way. Ben Carson will running
Housing and Urban Development
Ben Carson, whose
associate recently said wouldnt taking any cabinet job
because hes never run federal agency. The last thing
would want was take position that could cripple the
presidency.
Donald Trump Warms (Collins, NYT)
Thursday, December 2016
New York Times Gail Collins
And our new national security adviser going Michael
Flynn, very creepy retired general whose son/former chief staff has been promoting stupendously false stories about
Hillary Clintons involvement child sex ring pizza
restaurant.
What you think the theme for Donald Trumps
appointments has been far? Generals, generals,
generals? Climate change deniers, climate change deniers?
Those seem the leading contenders, although theres
always the ever-popular Give Chris Christie job. While still
cooling his heels governor New Jersey, Christie made
history when recent Quinnipiac poll showed him with
percent job disapproval rating. None his predecessors had
managed such feat. knew had him.
Trump says hes discussed his talent hunt with President
Obama, who thinks very highly some the people his
list. Who you think they are? Probably not the general with
the son who tweets about Democratic child abuse. Maybe
retired Gen. James Mattis, who Trump wants make
secretary defense? Mattis pretty popular choice,
possibly because his nickname Mad Dog.
When want cheered up, always think about Christie,
whos currently lobbying for head the Republican National
Committee. (Next week, the Surface Transportation Board.) you think Governor Christie had nickname, would
help his chances? What about Growling Gerbil? the downside, had the heartbreaking saga Gore,
who happily emerged from meeting with Trump this week,
telling reporters about the lengthy and very productive
session hed had with the president-elect climate change. was, Gore added hopefully, conversation that was likely continued.
And then theres secretary state. Trump seems
looking nine million possibilities. next week you may the mix. Think about it. Youre far better qualified than Rudy
Rabid Rabbit Giuliani. And unlike David Petraeus, Ill bet
you are not currently serving out probation after pleading
guilty sharing highly classified government information with lover.
Then Trump turned around and named Scott Pruitt, the
attorney general Oklahoma, head the Environmental
Protection Agency. From Gores perspective, this would
like the judge divorce case naming the aggrieved
husband marriage counselor.
Lately, appears Trump has gone back into the field drag whole new bunch State contenders. favorite
Representative Dana Rohrabacher California, person
you have probably never heard even though hes been
Congress since the 1980s and currently head the
prestigious Subcommittee Europe, Eurasia and Emerging
Threats.
Pruitt best pals with the oil and gas industry, and knows
the E.P.A. mainly entity sued. Under his watchful
eye, his state has allowed much natural gas tracking that
Oklahoma now has way more earthquakes than sunrises.
Rohrabacher also surfer and former folk singer who once
claimed global warming might connected dinosaur
flatulence. Hes told transition officials that gets the nod,
hell make the terrifying John Bolton his deputy, the nation
Why you think Trump went much trouble set Gore for heartbreak? The most likely answer that was only
pretending listen what Gore was saying about climate
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can get crazy warmonger plus guy who knows how
play old Kingston Trio music.
Almost month after Donald Trumps election, Europeans
went the polls, with mixed results. Italians voted against
everything the establishment, the European Union and,
extension, their centrist, reform-minded prime minister,
Matteo Renzi. Austrian voters, contrast, rejected far-right
candidate Norbert Hofer. But was still startling that his
Freedom Party whose first leader was former Nazi
minister and member received percent the
national vote. Over the past few years, almost everywhere
Europe including France, the Netherlands and Germany
right-wing populist parties have gained ground.
Also the running: Rex Tillerson, the C.E.O. ExxonMobil.
Unlike Representative Rohrabacher, Tillerson seems
believe that human beings have had impact the
climate; just doesnt care. (What good save the
planet humanity suffers?)
Another name being bandied around Democratic Senator
Joe Manchin West Virginia, who first ran for the Senate
with famous which shot hole federal
environmental legislation. most the continent, populists still seem unlikely take
power because they cannot replicate Trumps success
getting control mainstream political party. European
parties are internally strong and have mechanisms block
such hostile takeover. U.S. political parties, the other
hand, since the advent primaries, have become nothing
more than vessels for popular politicians. Once was clear
that Trump would win the Republican nomination, the party
structure folded and became his executive arm. you see pattern here? Apparently the next secretary
state will somebody who likes smog. Perhaps this
opening for Chris Christie. New Jersey has had lot
environmental problems. Maybe could invite Trump
football game for some bonding. They could talk foreign
affairs, and then pollute something the way home.
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Not Risky Climate Business (WSJ)
Supporters Trump and other populist movements often
point economics the key their success the slow
recovery, wage stagnation, the erosion manufacturing jobs,
rising inequality. These are clearly powerful contributing
factors. But striking that see right-wing populism
Sweden, which doing well economically; Germany,
where manufacturing remains robust; and France, where
workers have many protections. Here the United States,
exit polls showed that the majority voters who were most
concerned about the economy cast their ballots for Hillary
Clinton. new study dismantles the logic oil and gas
systemic risk.
Thursday, December 2016
Wall Street Journal
Full-text stories from the Wall Street Journal are available
Journal subscribers clicking the link.
Back Top
The Must Stand For Human Rights (Carter,
WSJ)
The one common factor present everywhere, however,
immigration. fact, one statistical analysis European
Union countries found that more immigrants invariably means
more populists. According the study, you extrapolate
from current trends, the percentage immigrants
approaches approximately percent, the percentage
right-wing populist voters exceeds percent. Hostility
immigration has been core theme every one these
populist parties.
The only title higher and more powerful than that
president the title citizen.
Thursday, December 2016
Wall Street Journal Jimmy Carter
Full-text stories from the Wall Street Journal are available
Journal subscribers clicking the link.
Back Top
Whats Really Pushing Politics The Right?
Immigration. (Zakaria, WP)
One way test this theory note that countries without
large-scale immigration, such Japan, have not seen the
same rise right-wing populism. Another interesting case
Spain, country that has taken many immigrants, but
mostly Spanish-speaking Latinos, who are easier
assimilate. While you see traditional left-wing economic
populism Spain, you not see right-wing nationalist
movements.
Thursday, December 2016
Washington Post Fareed Zakaria joke among journalists that are taught count: one,
two, trend. But this point, think its fair say that are
witnessing populist trend around the world. The real
question is, what fueling its extraordinary rise?
The backlash against immigration rooted fact.
pointed out Foreign Affairs essay (written September,
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before Trumps victory), are living age mass
migration. the past three four decades, Western
societies have seen large influxes people from different
lands and cultures. 1970, foreign-born people made
less than percent the U.S. population; today they are
about percent. The rise even sharper most European
countries, home million international migrants, recently
coming mostly from Africa and the Middle East. Austria, for
example, took almost 100,000 immigrants last year adding percent its population 2015 alone.
SOUTH SUDAN the brink catastrophe, threemember U.N. commission human rights declared last
week after visit. The chairman, Yasmine Sooka, warned repeat the Rwandan genocide. There already
steady process ethnic cleansing underway several areas South Sudan using starvation, gang rape and the burning villages; everywhere went across this country heard
villagers saying they are ready shed blood get their land
back, she said. Many told its already reached point return.
This much change can unsettling. For most human
history, people have lived, worked and died within few miles the place they were born. But recent decades, hundreds millions people from poorer countries have moved
wealthier ones. This reflects economic reality. Rich
countries have declining birthrates and need labor; poor
countries have millions who seek better lives. But this
produces anxiety, unease and cultural backlash that are
witnessing across the Western world.
The world responded with shrug. After long delays, the U.N.
Security Council was expected vote resolution Nov. imposing targeted sanctions and arms embargo, but
then Russia, China and others expressed opposition one
form another, and the vote was put off. earlier plan
send 4,000 peacekeepers for regional protection force
join the 12,000 already South Sudan has yet
implemented. South Sudan, the worlds youngest nation and example U.S. intervention that officials were proud
boast about just few years ago, careering once again into
chaos. report from the Council Foreign Relations says
the danger genocide real and proposed that the United
Nations and African Union run the country for years help rebuild.
What does this mean for the future? Western societies will
have better manage immigration. They should also place
much greater emphasis assimilation. Canada should
role model. has devised smart policies both fronts, with
high levels (skilled) immigration, strong assimilation and
major recoil.
Established out the ashes long war which millions
died, South Sudans independence 2011 was moment
hope but did not last. The forces President Salva Kiir and
his rival and former vice president Riek Machar went war
with each other late 2013, senseless conflict that ended
with peace agreement nearly two years later. But key
aspects the deal have not been implemented, and Mr.
Machar fled the country. July 11, armed men, identified
government forces, went rampage the capital, Juba, compound where foreign workers lived, robbing, beating
and sexually assaulting them. Mr. Kiir, who has often urged
Washington patient, appears longer listening
appeals from the United States and elsewhere stop the
violence. The United States only recently backed the arms
embargo.
Eventually, Western societies will able adjust this
new feature globalization. Look young people Europe
and the United States, most whom deeply value the
benefits diversity and seek live open and
connected world. Thats the future. just have ensure
that dont wreck the world before get there.
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Sorry Mad Dog,
(Mitchell, WSJ)
Waterboarding
Works respect Gen. Mattis, but has never employed
enhanced-interrogation techniques. have.
Thursday, December 2016
Wall Street Journal James Mitchell
The report from the U.N. team was alarming. Violence
spreading through regions South Sudan, such Central
Equatoria, that had previously been quiet. Ms. Sooka said
she found increase hate speech, crackdown the
media and civil society, deepening divisions between the
countrys tribes, and renewed drive for conflict
nation already flooded with guns and armed groups. She
added, The scale rape women and girls perpetrated
all armed groups South Sudan utterly unacceptable and frankly mind boggling. She said aid workers described
gang rape prevalent that has become normal.
Full-text stories from the Wall Street Journal are available
Journal subscribers clicking the link.
Back Top
South Sudan Could Repeat Rwandas Horrors
(WP)
Thursday, December 2016
Washington Post
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The U.N. Security Council, the United States and the rest
the world must find way confront these atrocities and
stop the downward spiral South Sudan.
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movements. Islamic leaders Europe have countered that
the bans fact lead women feeling excluded from Western
societies, and thus facilitate radicalization.
Ms. Merkel right see growing threat from antiimmigration parties that have seized popular anxiety over
migrants and the fear terrorism challenge mainstream
parties. But she wrong believe that trampling the rights
Muslim women wear what they please will satisfy the antiimmigrant forces. The real danger not the veil poses threat but the bigotry those whove made symbol their own fear and hate.
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Veiled Bigotry Germany (NYT)
Thursday, December 2016
New York Times
Chancellor Angela Merkel Germany has been bulwark
against the anti-immigrant, anti-Muslim and anti-globalization
forces afflicting Western democracies. was dismaying
when, accepting her partys nomination Tuesday its
candidate for another four-year term, she joined the
spreading European campaign against the full-face veil worn some Muslim women. Bumpy Peace For Colombia (Ruiz, NYT)
Thursday, December 2016
New York Times Marta Ruiz France, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium, Bulgaria
and Norway, where bans face veils are force the
works, they have been portrayed defense women
against patriarchal subjugation, security measure, incentive assimilation. But the truth that the bans
are first and foremost direct expression antipathy toward
Muslim immigrants, usually meant appease far-right
xenophobes.
BOGOTA, Colombia
History full examples
countries that have found themselves immersed war
against the wishes their population. Colombia the
opposite seems the case. President Juan Manuel
Santos seeking achieve peace even though half the
country apparently doesnt want believe that its possible.
Mr. Santos will given the Nobel Peace Prize Oslo
Saturday, for his resolute efforts bring the countrys more
than 50-year-long civil war end, the words the
Swedish Academy. But even the feared Revolutionary
Armed Forces Colombia, FARC, guerrillas begin their
transition into civil life, the future Colombian peace
anything but certain.
Ms. Merkel apparently believes that her endorsement
restrictions face veils wherever legally possible
relatively innocuous sop discontent among Germans over
her decision allow more than million asylum-seekers,
most them Muslims, into the country since 2015. Her
address her Christian Democratic Party was otherwise
admirable reaffirmation her faith human dignity and
tolerance, along with realistic assessment era
which many people have the feeling that the world has gone
off the rails.
The chancellor had rejected drive August for complete
ban face veils members her party, ordering them
write more limited law. The measure Ms. Merkel spoke
this week would not blanket ban, but would apply only
places like courtrooms, government buildings, schools and
public demonstrations.
The process for ending the armed conflict with the FARC has
polarized Colombia radically. new peace agreement
reached Nov. was approved the national Congress
last week. prevent another major political defeat, Mr.
Santos did not hold referendum ratify it, had with
the original agreement, which was rejected October.
accordance with the new agreement, the FARC began
demobilize last week under United Nations supervision.
the first step the way disappearing insurgent
armed force.
But that change doesnt alter the effect associating
Muslims who maintain traditional customs with terrorism. The
rapturous applause that greeted Ms. Merkels remarks the
ban was about lslamophobia, not serious security concern
over rarely encountered form dress. France, which was first impose full veil ban 2011
and where some seaside cities last summer ordered even
more absurd and humiliating injunctions against bodycovering swimwear called the burkini, one official claimed
that the bathing suit conveys allegiance terrorist
The Constitutional Court needs approve fast-track
mechanism for implementing the institutional reforms
included the new agreement order guarantee stable
peace. this doesnt happen, the agreement will
subjected revision series town council meetings
around the country before reaching Congress again March.
Following the October plebiscite, the peace process was
dangerous limbo, even though bilateral cease-fire was
already underway. Forty hectic days went by, during which
the government heard out the leaders the faction, which
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had won mere 53,000 votes, equivalent 0.43
percentage point. Heading the backers are two former
presidents who tried make peace with the FARC the
past and failed: Alvaro Uribe and Andres Pastrana.
war drugs. And lastly, they stubbornly refused recognize
the mechanisms transnational justice designed redress
human rights abuses armed conflict, including criminal
prosecution, truth commissions and reparation programs.
These far right-wing groups seek maintain status quo
that has made Colombia fractured country territorially,
socially and politically.
The supporters proposed 410 modifications, many
them poison darts aimed the heart the negotiation. For
example, expecting the guerrilla movement accept prison
sentences for its members and that its leaders could not run
for election would have been unthinkable any reasonable
agreement.
Mr. Santos, contrast, represents the liberal, moderate and
modernizing right that has understood that Colombia must
overcome political violence order develop economically.
Although Mr. Santoss ambitious reforms have not been
endorsed clear majority Colombians and his decision skip new plebiscite unpopular, they are the only way
avoid abandoning meticulously put-together peace
agreement.
Other proposed modifications sought stir demons
issuing from intentional misinterpretation the
agreement. The fact that L.G.B.T. groups proposed gender
equality the original agreement made many churches and
religious denominations view threat the family and
Christian values. Likewise, the original agreement sought
grant land ownership impoverished peasants who had
been working the land for long time. This was only first
step toward modest agrarian reform, country where
there has been none. However, landowners were still
alarmed and saw the agreement threat their privateproperty rights.
The new agreement, devised ensure stable and lasting
peace, will become law without having broad popular support. will attacked from many sides during its implementation.
The next stage, starting March, will disarmament.
those who repudiate the agreement should win the 2018
elections promise rescind it, Colombia will face the
risk new cycle violence.
Before the plebiscite, the government negotiators said they
had reached the best agreement possible with the FARC.
After being defeated, they found themselves the unusual
position asking the FARC accept the oppositions
proposals. The new agreement incorporated percent
these suggestions, including the FARCs commitment list
all its assets order give reparations the victims the
armed conflict. The new agreement also allows charges
presented ordinary courts justice against former
guerrillas involved human rights crimes and drug
trafficking. Still, Mr. Uribe and other critics have rejected it,
claiming that its not enough and that condones the
atrocities committed the FARC.
Since Mr. Santos did not manage build basic consensus
around peace, obliged fight for the months
has left govern. must show that peace major
accomplishment not only for his administration but also for
the country. Hes betting that disarming the FARC will felt dramatic improvement the everyday lives
Colombians, the sort conclusive evidence that can
convince skeptics the benefits peace.
Whats more, must keep political dialogue with
diverse groups that felt excluded from the peace process,
particularly the far right and the local and emergent elites who
are weary about pact with the guerrillas and who have been
tolerant paramilitary violence. Without the acceptance
these groups, peace will always weak and shaky.
The peace negotiations took place over period four years Havana, with the aim ending the spiral political
violence Colombia once and for all. But what had been
agreed also reflected old, unhealed wound
Colombia: the division between the conservative and liberal
elites over issues including the lack agrarian reform, the
shortcomings Colombian democracy, the unsuccessful war drugs and rampant impunity for crimes.
Mr. Uribe has announced that and his partisans are taking the streets seek new referendum against critical points the agreement, and that will seek the presidency
2018 under the banner indignation. Its the same banner
that worked successfully the plebiscite.
Thus, everything indicates that the presidential election
2018 will operate second, definitive referendum this
new agreement. Thats why, the end, its essential for Mr.
Santos form broad center-left coalition order face
the adversary. This coalition, unheard-of Colombia, would
bear the great banner reconciliation. Its victory would
depend the courage and high purpose its leaders, and their proposals for the agreement, Mr. Uribe and the other leaders defended the economic model based large
landowners, even though they know that Colombias rural
sector one the most backward the world, and
inequality extreme. They criticized all the measures
designed guarantee the FARC political representation,
including the creation party. They supported the fruitless
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Back Top
support and funding excavation, commemoration and
reburial. Many the right accused Mr. Zapatero
politicizing tragedy and reopening old wounds, while historical
memory campaigners felt the legislation had been watered
down.
The Ghosts Spain Tries Ignore (Hancox,
NYT)
When the right-wing Peoples Party won the election 2011,
the new prime minister, Mariano Rajoy, promptly defunded
the project and closed the Office Victims the Civil War
and the Dictatorship. The Spanish people, Mr. Rajoy had said 2008, would have look the future, and generate
neither tension nor division.
Thursday, December 2016
New York Times Dan Hancox Spain, wrote the poet Federico Garcia Lorca, the dead
are more alive than the dead any other country the
world. Garcia Lorca was writing 1933; only three years
later, was assassinated militia supporting Gen.
Francisco Francos fascist uprising, only month into the
Spanish Civil War. may sound like noble sentiment isolation, but
disingenuous. Spain more able escape its past than
any other country, and historical memory not just
interest Spains defeated left. Under Francos dictatorship,
the winners the civil war not only spent years writing the
history their victory, teaching schools and enshrining popular culture, but also left exactly the kind solemn
monuments their dead that have been denied the
missing 114,000. The most profound and awe-inspiring
example these Francos final resting place, the Valley
the Fallen. basilica topped the largest memorial
cross the world, nearly 500 feet high and the site
annual commemorations the far right, dressed fascist
uniforms, the anniversary Francos death.
Despite extensive detective work, excavations and even
recent DNA tests his relatives, Garcia Lorcas remains
have never been found, and has never been given
proper burial. this least, not alone. thought that least 114,000 victims fascist death squads remain
missing unidentified from the period the civil war and the
dictatorship that followed Francos victory 1939. Most were
political prisoners who supported the left-wing Popular Front
government, executed under cover darkness, then bundled
into unmarked mass graves. new generation fascists gains influence with
governments from the United States Hungary, may
the source some surprise that Spain has equivalent
Greeces Golden Dawn Frances National Front, especially
given the desperate and long-lasting effects the economic
crisis Spain. part the absence major contemporary
Spanish far-right party legacy the civil war and
dictatorship, and the mass killings that ensued, which loom
over the country this day. part and this the other
reason Mr. Rajoy would prefer look the future
because the governing Popular Party absorbed much the
Francoist political machinery. The partys founder, Manuel
Fraga, had been government minister under Franco. recent years, the clamor acknowledge and
commemorate Spains many ghosts has grown louder. Last
month, bodies were excavated the small town
Porreres the Balearic island Majorca, off the Spanish
mainland full years after their deaths. Most showed
signs having been shot the head close range.
According local historians, they were lined alongside the
wall the town church before being executed. The passage time, and the lack records about the executions, makes
both finding and identifying victims fiendishly difficult,
although DNA testing will help some cases. thought
there are such mass graves Majorca alone.
The excavation followed campaigning relatives group,
the Memory Association Majorca, and the passing law the Balearic Islands regional parliament May, which
also funded the digging. Civil society, particular, has taken the cause, thanks absence government support.
Last month, Amnesty International started campaign,
Justice for Christmas, calling for the government
investigate mass graves.
The fault lines over the mass graves run deep Spanish
politics and society. During the transition after Francos death 1975, Spain edged toward the re-establishment
democracy, the spirit the age was enshrined the political
parties self-explanatory Pact Forgetting. There was
reckoning, equivalent de-Nazification the civil service,
judiciary security forces. cement the spirit top-down
amnesia, 1977 amnesty law prevents any legal
proceedings into crimes committed during the civil war and
the dictatorship; Spain would not enter into anything
resembling truth and justice commission.
The citizen-driven historical memory movement came into
being the turn the millennium, and public pressure
grew, the Spanish government under the center-left prime
minister the time, Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, passed
law historical memory 2007, lending government
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This institutional blockade has not gone unnoticed outside
Spain. 2013, the United Nations Committee Enforced
Disappearances censured Mr. Rajoys government and the
Spanish judiciary, and demanded Spain overturn the amnesty
law and stop obstructing investigations into the hundreds
thousands missing victims. Ana Menendez Perez, Spains
permanent representative the United Nations, rejected the
suggestion that the Spanish judiciary was not independent
and impartial. (That would have been news Spains famous
campaigning judge, Baltasar Garzon, whose attempts
bring Francoist crimes trial 2008 were followed his
being put trial himself only few years later.) Ms.
Menendez Perez also accused the committee excessive
focus the past.
reduced tears when others our program pushed her
explain why she believed America was the greatest nation
earth. was suddenly struck the fact that one else the class
felt the need assert their countrys greatness the
superiority its political system. The Indian, the South
African, the Frenchman and the Englishwoman the
seminar room could all have claimed the mantle greatest
for some aspect their countries democratic systems. Yet
none needed to; indeed, found the very idea absurd. American friend was exception, course, her view American exceptionalism, yet little her elite training had
equipped her think critically about the place the United
States occupies the world. Still, felt for her: South
African, sympathetic the temptations national
exceptionalism. doing so, Ms. Menendez Perez accused not just the United
Nations committee, but great segments Spanish civil
society, and the descendants hundreds thousands
murdered Spaniards still searching for justice. Some local
administrations have begun taking action contravention
the government Madrid (highlighting another Spanish
tradition: the great tension between the capital and the
regions). Following the Balearic Islands example, the
Valencian regional government now preparing the way
pass its own historical memory law and apportion funds for
excavations.
While other societies have had race-based discriminatory
systems, none held them long mine. The white
minority government apartheid South Africa was distinctive,
and has had lasting effect the region controlled for
centuries. turn, other society has received much
attention South Africa for its efforts address this legacy hatred and segregation.
The South African story exceptionalism rooted the
idea that nation able overcome apartheid through
peaceful process compromise can beat the odds, time and
again. This founding myth the post-apartheid nation says
that constitutional democracy geared toward giving rights black population that has been able forgive its white
oppressors built for survival. April, Mr. Rajoy angered historical memory groups when said the popular program Salvados that didnt
think there was anything his government could help.
Soon may not have much choice. returned prime
minister October, but with slender minority government.
The major center-left opposition parties the Spanish
Parliament, the Socialist Party and the new left-wing party
Podemos, are planning force the government restore
funding the historical memory project nationwide 2017. recent years, South Africas rising levels economic
inequality which continue run along race lines have
tested this theory. Led ossifying ruling party that seems
perpetually enmeshed corruption scandals, South Africans
have begun question the story their leadership has told
them about who they are and what their democracy stands
for.
The dirt has been smoothed over Majorca, but forgetting
may not possible for much longer.
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Making South Africa Great Again (Msimang,
NYT)
Beleaguered South Africans are beginning realize they can longer rely the political class guarantee their
democratic rights credible media, peaceful assembly,
even freedom dissent without fear reprisal. There
new wariness here among many who once believed the
nation was destined for greatness based the inspirational, sentimental, story line forgiveness, truth and
reconciliation that marked the countrys first democratic
decade.
Thursday, December 2016
New York Times Sisonke Msimang
JOHANNESBURG 2012, fellow Yale University, met earnest and articulate American graduate student.
found her guileless patriotism touching; she regularly used
phrases describe America the greatest democracy
earth, with the best political system the planet.
South Africans are beginning reclaim their power over
sentimental mythology about forgiveness and racial harmony
that has been, for least decade, inauthentic and out
Initially, discounted the hyperbole. But became clear she
really meant it. One afternoon, this young Californian was
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step with the realities most peoples lives. They have
accepted that the exceptionalism South Africas rosy story transformation rainbow nation has threatened
undermine their capacity challenge authority and ask
deeper questions.
This what South Africans are doing now. Just Poles,
Indians, the French and the peoples many nations have
done the past. trust Americans will, too.
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Voices: Fidel Castro Already Just Memory
(Gomez, USAT)
Although we, too, have our demagogues who would whip
popular resentments advance their own bids for power, this
skepticism has given rise series campaigns and
political movements that are beginning serve bulwark
against the anti-intellectual and undemocratic tendencies
South Africas deeply compromised president, Jacob
Zuma.
Thursday, December 2016
USA Today Alan Gomez
SANTIAGO CUBA the sun rose over this eastern
city after nine days government-imposed mourning for
Fidel Castro, something strange happened.
For many people who fought against apartheid, this means
taking the battle cry again, this time protesting and
organizing against leaders who talk exceptionalism while
behaving utterly mediocre ways. South Africans made this
dissatisfaction clear recent local government elections,
which the ruling party lost control the largest metropolitan
areas the country for the first time since the end
apartheid.
The streets, calm throughout the mourning period, clattered
again Monday with car horns blaring and car doors slamming.
Musicians who had been banned from performing the
previous week set their conga drums and guitars city
squares tip jars the ready. Restaurants workers who
were forbidden from serving alcohol wiped down bottles
rum and whiskey and placed them back atop their display
cases.
Beyond the ballot box, the student movement brought the
country standstill last year and recent months over the
crisis funding for higher education. The nascent Save
South Africa movement another sign stirring dissent, yet elite one. Like the activism defense the
countrys former public protector, Thuli Madonsela, who
clashed with Mr. Zuma and continues thorn his
side, Save South Africa has support across race lines.
That Cubans were ready get life back normal after
commemorating their communist dictator not surprising.
Cuba country defined its movement, its rhythm, its
volume. Forcing Cubans sit home and sit quiet for nine
days, matter the reason, was always going difficult.
Whats strange that there was any normalcy resume. For
the years that Castro ruled Cuba, people the island and
those who fled believed his death would cataclysmic, the
start history-altering series events that would
jeopardize his revolution and unleash waves rafters
flooding into South Florida.
The new spirit revolt has also given rise innovative
citizen campaigns like AmandlaMobi, digital platform that
connects activists who are organizing against inequality.
Running through these initiatives acknowledgment that
things South Africa are not great, and that the country
exceptional, will have prove it.
What got after Castro died Nov. was far different. saw more muted reaction, blustery tropical storm rather than
the apocalyptic Category political hurricane had
expected. have not forgotten American friends idealism
its
important not lose sight the fact that America, for all its
flaws, can great. America truly great when Americans
principle and conscience organize themselves defend its
constitutional values.
That shows how much times have changed. The U.S. and
Cuban governments have ended their long isolation and are
trying become friends. Cuban President Raul Castro has
now been power eight years, meaning the once-terrifying
transfer power from older younger brother now
complete without disruptions.
Many Americans have balked President-elect Donald
Trumps aggressive assertion exceptionalism. Those
who hail from countries where exceptionalism and
nationalism jostle uncomfortably close together recognize this
hollow and dangerous populism that makes gre