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Judicial Watch • Mexiconarcoterrorism

Mexiconarcoterrorism

Mexiconarcoterrorism

Page 1: Mexiconarcoterrorism

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Number of Pages:5

Date Created:November 2, 2018

Date Uploaded to the Library:November 14, 2018

Tags:MXDrugWarsAndAMLO, Zedillo, OSAC, Narco-terrorism, violence, Publishing, Mexican, Sector, Amnesty, mexico, government, FBI, department, united


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Mexico Drug War AMLO
Crime; Drug Trafficking; Narco-Terrorism
Western Hemisphere Mexico
11/2/2018
Introduction
President-elect Andr Manuel pez Obrador (known popularly AMLO) will take office
December representing coalition the left-wing Labor Party, right-wing Social Encounter
Party, and the social democratic National Regeneration Movement. His policy proposals have
thus far been aimed revitalizing the Mexican economy (e.g. constructing more oil refineries,
ending Pemexs monopoly the oil industry, stimulating the agricultural sector) and domestic
social policies (e.g. increasing financial aid for students and the elderly, ensuring universal
access public colleges, decentralizing the executive cabinet, mitigating corruption). One
particular policy proposal has drawn international attention and has the potential impact the
U.S. private-sector security posture Mexico directly amnesty for some drug war criminals.
Hot Spots for Mexican Criminal and Narco-Violence addition being hot button issue for US-Mexico relations, the drug war and cartel infighting
has caused severe, nationwide security repercussions. The U.S. Department State
assesses the security level five Mexican states (Colima, Guerrrero, Michoac Sinaloa,
and Tamaulipas) the highest four levels, indicating that U.S. citizens should not travel
there, due violent crime, such homicide, kidnapping, carjacking, and robbery. these states, gang activity, including gun battles, widespread. Criminal organizations
operate freely and sometimes with impunity. Local law enforcement has limited capability
respond violence many parts these states, criminal organizations have laid
territorial claim significant portions the region.
The contents this (U) presentation way represent the policies, views, attitudes the United States
Department State, the United States Government, except otherwise noted (e.g., travel advisories, public
statements). The presentation was compiled from various open sources and (U) embassy reporting. Please note
that all OSAC products are for internal U.S. private sector security purposes only. Publishing otherwise
distributing OSAC-derived information manner inconsistent with this policy may result the discontinuation OSAC support.
Due the kingpin strategy against these criminal organizations Mexico past two
administrations, many traditional cartels have fractured into smaller factions their leaders
were captured killed. This led violent fighting within and among these groups, which now
compete against each other annex key territories and lucrative trafficking routes.
Shootouts between organizations and with Mexican security forces are common, and have
occurred outside restaurants, gas stations, and various other public areas, significantly
affecting Mexico homicide rate and general security environment. The final homicide count 29,168 made 2017 Mexico deadliest year record. With ongoing conflict through
Mexico, the number victims 2018 poised overtake that record; there were over
13,000 homicides recorded the first five months 2018 alone.
AMLO Drug Policy Outlook
Andr Manuel pez Obrador has attempted differentiate himself from previous Mexican
politicians, which most likely contributed his landslide victory the 2018 presidential
election. From the beginning his campaign, AMLO sought try new tactic fighting
Mexico cartels and drug-related violence. his election victory speech, stated, The
failed crime and violence strategy will change will address the root causes crime and
violence. until recently, there has only been speculation about his policy proposal for
dealing with the ongoing issue. According Forbes, his policy leanings became clearer
when, September 25, applauded former President Ernesto Zedillo statement that
his hardline anti-drug policy had been mistake. Zedillo statement was part the Global
Commission Drug Policy new policy recommendation that suggests regulation rather
than prohibition some drugs.
AMLO response Zedillo, addition comments from incoming administrative officials,
has driven belief online news and analytic outlets that the President-elect will seek least decriminalize marijuana and some poppy cultivation early his term. According NPR,
Mexico the primary supplier heroin the U.S., and the world third-largest producer
opium poppy.
According Insight Crime, AMLO and his political advisers have now proposed ending the
Mexican military intervention the drug war, pardoning nonviolent drug offenders, and
restructuring the justice system increase prosecution rates. These policies, including
The contents this (U) presentation way represent the policies, views, attitudes the United States
Department State, the United States Government, except otherwise noted (e.g., travel advisories, public
statements). The presentation was compiled from various open sources and (U) embassy reporting. Please note
that all OSAC products are for internal U.S. private sector security purposes only. Publishing otherwise
distributing OSAC-derived information manner inconsistent with this policy may result the discontinuation OSAC support.
removing the military from police force, echo those promised his failed 2012 election
campaign, according CNN. The so-called transitional justice system would include
reduced sentences for criminals who cooperate with authorities unsolved crimes. The
future Interior Minister notes that this one way that the new administration plans tackle
the 37,435 missing persons cases the country that have accrued since 2014. Amnesty
International notes that the actual number missing persons probably higher, because the
official figures exclude cases classified other criminal offenses such hostage-taking
human trafficking.
Concern for Impunity and the Impact the U.S. Private Sector
The promised amnesty deal with organized criminal groups and the pledge investigate and
prosecute corrupt politicians, many whom are business with the cartels, prompts concern
about increased impunity for violent offenders. According Jazeera, the public appears
split between peace and reconciliation and desire for justice and retribution. Moreover, the
details AMLO proposed drug policy and how the President-elect intends pardon the
cartels without also pardoning corrupt politicians not yet clear.
Nonetheless, narco-violence and cartel-associated crime remains one most dangerous
threats against U.S. private-sector interests Mexico. While U.S. citizens are not necessarily
the targets cartel violence, they are often caught innocent bystanders wrong-place,
wrong-time situations. More specifically, OSAC constituents have expressed concern about
the following cartel-related crimes affecting their operations Mexico:
Kidnapping and extortion: The FBI investigated 116 kidnapping events Mexico 2017. the investigated cases, were kidnappings for ransom, were virtual kidnappings, and cases there was ransom demand. Telephonic extortion typically involves unknown
perpetrator calling potential victim notify them that friend family member has been
kidnapped. The perpetrator will then demand ransom for their release. These schemes,
which occur many 20,000 times year, according one source, have become
increasingly sophisticated.
Assassinations journalists and politicians: During the 2018 general elections, total 774 attacks against politicians and 429 against non-elected officials were reported. These
attacks resulted the death 152 politicians and 371 non-elected officials; these, were
The contents this (U) presentation way represent the policies, views, attitudes the United States
Department State, the United States Government, except otherwise noted (e.g., travel advisories, public
statements). The presentation was compiled from various open sources and (U) embassy reporting. Please note
that all OSAC products are for internal U.S. private sector security purposes only. Publishing otherwise
distributing OSAC-derived information manner inconsistent with this policy may result the discontinuation OSAC support.
pre-candidates and candidates for elected positions. Election Day alone, 138 assaults
were reported and seven politicians were murdered. comparison, nine murders occured
during the entire 2012 election season.
Spillover intra-cartel violence: Although Mexico employs strict gun-control laws, criminals
are often armed with guns, which has resulted the increase homicide incidents Mexico.
While most these homicides appeared targeted, criminal organization assassinations,
turf battles between criminal groups have resulted violent crime areas frequented U.S.
citizens. Shooting incidents injuring killing bystanders have occurred. some states,
members these groups frequently maintain roadblocks and may use violence towards
travelers.
Oil theft and pipeline taps: Gaps law enforcement have left many energy pipelines
vulnerable theft. the first two months 2018, more than 2,200 illegal taps were
discovered along Mexican pipelines (an increase 38% over the same period 2017).
Corruption may play role the theft energy resources well. Multiple mayors, well
the former head police, from the Mexican state Puebla (one the major regions for
illegal tapping) have been arrested the past year grounds involvement with,
protection of, fuel-tapping ring.
Cargo theft: SensiTech ranks the level cargo crime Mexico severe, primarily
due supply chain threats posed drug trafficking organizations and corrupt law
enforcement personnel. According one study, more than 3,300 incidents cargo theft were
reported during the first quarter 2018.
Additional Resources
For additional information this report and other questions the security environment
Mexico, please contact OSAC Western Hemisphere Team.
OSAC Mexico Webpage
U.S. Department State Country Information: Mexico
OSAC Annual Briefing 2017: Mexico Deadliest Year Record
The contents this (U) presentation way represent the policies, views, attitudes the United States
Department State, the United States Government, except otherwise noted (e.g., travel advisories, public
statements). The presentation was compiled from various open sources and (U) embassy reporting. Please note
that all OSAC products are for internal U.S. private sector security purposes only. Publishing otherwise
distributing OSAC-derived information manner inconsistent with this policy may result the discontinuation OSAC support.
The contents this (U) presentation way represent the policies, views, attitudes the United States
Department State, the United States Government, except otherwise noted (e.g., travel advisories, public
statements). The presentation was compiled from various open sources and (U) embassy reporting. Please note
that all OSAC products are for internal U.S. private sector security purposes only. Publishing otherwise
distributing OSAC-derived information manner inconsistent with this policy may result the discontinuation OSAC support.