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Page 1: Opengovernment


Number of Pages:7

Date Created:October 30, 2013

Date Uploaded to the Library:November 06, 2013

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October 31, 2013
Throughout his Administration, President Barack Obama has prioritized making government more open and
accountable and has taken substantial steps increase citizen participation, collaboration, and transparency
government. the inaugural Open Government Partnership (OGP) meeting September 20, 2011, the President reiterated
his belief that the strongest foundation for human progress lies open economies, open societies, and open
governments. The United States has worked both domestically and internationally ensure global support for
Open Government principles promote transparency, fight corruption, energize civic engagement, and
leverage new technologies order strengthen the foundations freedom our own Nation. support these principles, the Administration launched the first U.S. Open Government National Action Plan NAP 2011, set commitments that have increased public integrity, enhanced public access
information, improved management public resources, and given the public more active voice the U.S.
Government policymaking process. the initial commitments, have been completed and the Administration
continues work completing the rest. notable example the progress made since the release the first
NAP the successful launch the People, the White House petitions platform that gives Americans direct
line voice their concerns the Administration via online petitions. two years, more than 10.35 million users
have generated more than 270,000 petitions diverse range topics, including gun violence, which received
video response from the President, and unlocking cell phones, which led directly policy action.
Building upon these efforts create more efficient, effective, and accountable government, the Administration
will issue the second Open Government National Action Plan for the United States America the coming
weeks. The new plan will include wide range actions the Administration plans take over the next two years,
including commitments that build upon past successes, well several new initiatives. Among these are
ambitious new commitments modernize the administration the Freedom Information Act (FOIA) and
significantly expand Open Data initiatives across the Federal government increase transparency and fuel
entrepreneurship, innovation, and economic growth.
This report provides overview new Open Data and FOIA modernization commitments, well highlights additional proposals that the Administration plans announce greater detail the second NAP, which will released December 2013. finalizing the second NAP, the Federal Government will continue work with the general public, broad
range civil society groups, and the private sector refine the commitments highlighted this document and share new commitments build more open, transparent, and participatory United States Government.
developing the second NAP, Administration policymakers have also sought input from the public via blog post
and other interactive online platforms, requesting ideas about how focus efforts continue build
Government that more open and accountable.
Opening Data the Public
Open Data fuels innovation that grows the economy and advances government transparency and accountability.
Government data has been used journalists uncover variations hospital billings, citizens learn more
about the social services provided charities their communities, and entrepreneurs building new software
tools help farmers plan and manage their crops. Building upon the successful implementation open data
commitments the first NAP, the second NAP will include commitments make government data more
accessible and useful for the public. Through these commitments, the United States will: Manage Government Data Strategic Asset effort make U.S. Government data more accessible and useful, Federal agencies will develop
inventory their data and publish list datasets that are public can made public. Agencies will also
develop new mechanisms solicit public feedback regarding open government data. Launch Improved allows the public easily find, download, and use data collected created the Federal
Government. The United States will launch new version make even easier discover,
understand, and use open government data. The new will index all Federal agency datasets one
easy-to-use catalog. This new site will help developers, researchers, journalists, and other stakeholders find
data and will also help the public more easily find tools and resources access government services. Open Agriculture and Nutrition Data
Global development, agriculture, and health have been key focus the Administration Open Data
Initiatives. expand these efforts internationally, the United States, partnership with the United
Kingdom, established the Global Open Data Agriculture and Nutrition (GODAN). GODAN aims
increase the quality, quantity, and timeliness available data support agriculture and nutrition efforts
well increase the number and diversity stakeholders who are applying data-based solutions improve
agriculture and nutrition. This initiative will support public and private global efforts make agriculture and
nutrition data more available and easier access. The United States will create interagency group that will
promote open data efforts the public and private sectors and encourage new efforts release agriculture
and nutrition data. Open Disaster-Related Data Support Prevention and Recovery Efforts
Government data used help first responders and survivors make better-informed decisions during the
chaos disaster. Expanding the amount disaster-related open government data will increase awareness
the effects natural disasters and improve disaster relief and recovery efforts. FEMA, through its OpenFEMA
initiative, will release new disaster-related data machine-readable format and host brainstorming sessions build tools that support first responders, survivors, and impacted communities.
Modernizing the Freedom Information Act Better Serve the Public his first full day office, President Obama issued memorandum directing presumption openness
used Federal agencies responding FOIA requests. The Obama Administration has already made
important progress improve the FOIA process simplifying the process filing requests many agencies,
proactively disclosing information the public interest advance requests, speeding processing times, greatly reducing FOIA backlogs, and publishing more data FOIA compliance.
There still much more that the Administration can improve the FOIA process. The United States
committed further modernizing FOIA processes through the following initiatives: Improve the Customer Experience through Consolidated Online FOIA Service
More than 100 Federal agencies are subject FOIA. For the average requester, this can mean significant
energy spent searching for the right agency and navigating its website figure out the unique process for
submitting request that agency. The Administration will launch consolidated request portal that allows
the public submit request any Federal agency from single site and includes additional tools
improve the customer experience. The United States will establish task force review current practices, seek
public input, and determine the best way implement this consolidated FOIA service. Develop Common FOIA Regulations and Practices for Federal Agencies
Certain steps the FOIA process are generally shared across Federal agencies. Standardizing these common
aspects through core FOIA regulation and common set practices will make easier for requesters
understand and navigate the FOIA process and easier for the government keep regulations date. The
Administration will initiate interagency process determine the feasibility and the potential content
core FOIA regulation that both applicable all agencies and retains flexibility for agency-specific
requirements. Improve Internal Agency FOIA Processes
Over the past few years, several agencies have analyzed existing FOIA practices and used this information
make dramatic improvements their backlogs and processing times, well increase the proactive
release information the public interest. The U.S. Government will scale these targeted efforts improve
the efficiency agencies with the biggest backlogs, and share broadly the lessons learned and strategies
further improve internal agency FOIA processes. Establish FOIA Modernization Advisory Committee
Improvements FOIA administration must take into account the views and interests both requesters and
the Government. The United States will therefore establish formal FOIA Advisory Committee, comprised
government and non-governmental members the FOIA community, foster dialog between the
Administration and requester community, solicit public comments, and develop consensus recommendations
for improving FOIA administration and proactive disclosures. Improve FOIA Training Across Government Increase Efficiency order efficiently and effectively respond FOIA requests, every Federal employee not just those
agency FOIA office should fully understand the FOIA process. The Administration will make standard elearning training resources available for FOIA professionals and other Federal employees and encourage their
Managing Natural Resources
Two years ago, the launch the OGP, President Obama announced the U.S. commitment implement the
Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), international standard aimed increasing transparency
and accountability the payments that companies make and the revenues that governments receive for their
natural resources. The United States has actively worked toward increasing revenue transparency and
accountability relevant industry sectors, ensuring that American taxpayers receive every dollar due for the
extraction the Nation natural resources.
The United States continues work toward EITI candidacy, including seeking public comment and feedback the Federal Government candidacy application. The Administration intends publish the first U.S. EITI
report 2015 and achieve EITI compliance 2016. The United States plans expand this commitment
the second NAP and will issue commitments to:
Disclose additional revenues geothermal and renewable energy;
Unilaterally disclose all payments received the U.S. Department Interior;
Convene process discuss future disclosure timber revenues; and
Promote the development innovative open data tools that make extractive data more meaningful for
and accessible the American people. effort increase transparency and accountability, the United States will also begin publish annual reports U.S. Government spending fossil fuel subsidies and will share this information with the Group (G-20)
and other relevant international bodies.
Creating Safer Communities
Improving the safety Americans communities across the country continues top priority for the
Obama Administration. part commitment the first NAP, the United States launched the Public Safety
Data Initiative, the largest multi-agency open data initiative the Federal Government. Agencies including the
Department Transportation, Department Justice, Department Labor, Federal Emergency Management
Agency, and the Consumer Product Safety Commission have hosted workshops; launched challenges
encourage innovative uses the data; and released datasets addressing transportation safety, law officer safety,
disaster response and recovery, survivor support, worker safety, and product recall information. The second NAP
will include commitments to:
Identify and release additional disaster-related data;
Harness the power innovation improve emergency management and preparedness; and
Continue working combat human trafficking through initiative that pairs civil society groups with
technologists design innovative technology solutions.
Fiscal Transparency
The Administration efforts increase transparency Federal spending have opened new data Federal
procurement and financial assistance. The Administration intends further increase the transparency where
Federal tax dollars are spent committing to:
Engage wide range stakeholders and users Federal spending data determine how best improve
the user experience;
Make Federal spending data more easily available open and machine-readable formats;
Facilitate the publication key Federal Government contract information not currently available; and
Enable Americans more easily identify who receiving tax dollars, where those entities individuals
are located, and how much they receive.
Corporate Transparency
Enhanced transparency legal entities formed the United States will help prevent criminal organizations from
abusing legal entities obscure the true ownership and control the businesses they operate, help address tax
avoidance, and also help developing countries combat corruption. promote transparency company
ownership, the second NAP will include commitments to:
Continue advocate for legislation that will require the disclosure meaningful beneficial ownership
information for corporations the time company formation; and
Promulgate explicit customer due diligence obligation for U.S. financial institutions. The
Administration will work enact requirement for U.S. financial institutions identify beneficial
owners customers who are legal entities.
Market Transparency
The Administration ongoing advocacy for corporate and market transparency has already led increased
consumer protections for hardworking Americans. clear example the work underway the Consumer
Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) protect consumers from potentially predatory practices. The CFPB
launched Know Before You Owe initiative crowdsource and redesign mortgage disclosure forms that
costs and risks are clear rather than buried fine print. The Consumer Product Safety Commission released which enables consumers report unsafe products and search for other consumer product
complaints. addition, the Department Transportation recently launched similar tool for vehicle safety
complaints, publicly releasing volumes consumer complaint data.
Building upon these efforts, the second NAP, the United States will commit to:
Improve transparency consumer-product-safety information, using collaborative social media,
crowdsourcing, and analytics tools create real-time dashboard showing performance and safety
issues for certain consumer products.
Empowering Citizens and Fostering Open Innovation
Creating more Open Government and addressing our Nation most challenging issues requires informed
and active citizenry. Citizens are critical economic development the global economy, where trade and
investment flow countries protected the rule law that gives citizens the freedom create and develop new
ideas. The United States will continue expand opportunities for public participation government,
recognizing the value the American public strategic partner addressing some the country most
pressing challenges. The second NAP will include U.S. commitments to:
Harness the ingenuity the public enabling, accelerating, and scaling the use open innovation
methods such incentive prizes, crowdsourcing, and citizen science within the Federal Government;
Expand opportunities for public participation the development agency regulations; and
Launch pilot collaborative public-private platforms help monitor performance and safety issues for
consumer products.
The Obama Administration remains fully committed building 21st-Century Open Government and
fundamentally improving the relationship between citizens and government, demonstrated the significant
progress made the United States first two years member the Open Government Partnership. the
weeks ahead, the U.S. Government will continue work with partners government well the public and
civil society finalize and issue the second NAP. The United States will create and refine commitments
highlighted this document and identify new commitments build toward more open, transparent, and
participatory United States Government.