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Judicial Watch • JW v State HRC Docs 00687 pg 68-71

JW v State HRC Docs 00687 pg 68-71

JW v State HRC Docs 00687 pg 68-71

Page 1: JW v State HRC Docs 00687 pg 68-71

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Number of Pages:4

Date Created:October 9, 2018

Date Uploaded to the Library:October 09, 2018

Tags:otunbayeva, kyrgyzstan, Highly, Bishkek, Bakiyev, Soviet, important, Opposition, foreign, political, HRC, Sullivan, 00687, Docs, unclassified, State Department, American, department, united


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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06161854 Date: 08/02/2018
RELEASE PART
811.4(D),86
From:
Sent:
To:
Subject:
Attachments:
Jake Sullivan behalf Jake Sullivan
Thursday, April 2010 11:37
Hanley, Monica
Fwd: Fw: IMPORTANT: Highly informed, first hand memo Kyrgyzstan. Sid
hrc memo krgyzstan 040810.docx
NEAR
DUPLICATE
~~~~~~~~~~
Can you print?
Classified DAS, A/GIS, Dos 12/31/2015 Class:
CONFIDENTIAL Reason: 1.4(D) Declassify on:
---------- Forwarded nl.cssagc ---------04/08/2025
From: Sullivan, Jacob
Date: Thu, Apr 2010 10:41
Subject: Fw: IMPORTANT: Highly informed, first hand memo Kyrgyzstan. Sid
To: iake.sullivanl
----- Original Message ----From:
To: Sullivan, Jacob
Sent: Thu Apr 13:33:47 2010
Subject: Fw: IMPORTANT: Highly informed, first hand memo Kyrgyzstan. Sid
Fyi
----- Original Message ----From: sbwho~
To:
Sent: Thu Apr 09:15:59 2010
Subject: IMPORTANT: Highly informed, first hand memo Kyrgyzstan. Sid
CONFIDENTIAL
April 2010
For: Hillary
From: Sid
Re: Kyrgyzstan
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06161854 Date: 08/02/2018
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06161854 Date: 08/02/2018 friend!
with two decades extensive dealings Kyrgyzstan, and
lhas been close contact vvith his
high-level sources there over the past hours, and sends lTlC the following tT1c1no. particularly well
informed the new interim leader, Roza Otunbayeva, whom knows well, the internal politics postrevolution, and how DOD and State are relatively regarded and what that means.
To:
Sid Blumenthal
Fron1:
Date:
April 2010
Subj:
Change ofGovemment Kyrgyzstan have worked the Kyrgyz Republic continuously since 1991 bccarnc
acquainted with each the three Kyrgyz leaders from about that time, first meeting Askar Akayev 1990 111
Moscow, Kurmanbek Bakiyev Djalalabad 1993, and Roza Otunbayeva Bishkek 1992. have had
extended dealings with each ofthcn1 rnany different niattcrs, largely inside Kyrgyzstan, although first dealt
extensively with Otunbayeva when she served Kyrgyz ambassador the United States.
Assessment ofOtunbayeva: The opposition forces selected Otunbayeva for several reasons: (i) among them she the only figure who commands recognition and respect abroad; (ii) the eyes the Kyrgyz people she
closely associated with the Kyrgyz Tulip Revolution of2005, yet she alone an1ong the leaders that revolution
upheld its idealism, openly castigated Bakiyev and others for their corruption and failure follow through
promises, and personally avoided corruption and graft; and (iii) she lacks strong domestic power base and
therefore seen less threat the alternative candidates. Based these factors, several the
opposition leaders tell quick consensus was reached that Otunbayeva should the provisional leader and
the fa.ce the world the new revolution.
Otunbayeva, who 59, launched her career the diplomatic service, obtaining the position foreign mm1ster the Kyrgyz SSR precocious age. She served the Soviet Foreign Ministry and caught the eye Eduard
Shevardnadze, who appointed her vice minister-an unprecedented accomplishment for Central Asian
and for woman then her late 30s. Shevardnadze told 2002 that had viewed Otunbayeva
person extraordinary skills, well qualified succeed hirn Soviet foreign ininistcr. noted her ability
quickly grasp complex problems and propose novel and interesting solutions. called her natural
diplomat with instinctive tendency reconcile, but also with clear grasp policy objectives and
methodical approach their accomplishment. own experience dealing with Otunbayeva confirms these
observations. She has measure idealism that often guides her policy orientation, but she instinctively
pragnrntic her approach.
Otunbayeva defies categorization terms political philosophy. Her political parties, first Ata-Jurt
(Fatherland), then the Social Democrats, arc often portrayed leftists the political scale Kyrgyzstan,
but the party orients itself continental European social democrats and the British Labour Party (with which
Otunbayeva has solid connections, including with Tony Blair). While schooled basic concepts ofMarxismLeninism, which occasionally appear conversation (though often not joking way), her politics
fundamentally one pragmatic engagement. She advocates maintenance the republics Soviet era social net
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06161854 Date: 08/02/2018
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06161854 Date: 08/02/2018
and pays particular attention health and education issues. She was vigorous advocate for and supporter
the American University Bishkek and was repeatedly identified for board membership-she declined one
offer saying that her role opposition leader would probably complicate the universitys relations with the
government. an1bassador, Otunbaycva went bat aggressively for foreign investors, helped thcrn secure
concessions, and advocated for them against government red tape. unaware any instance which she
ever sought personal gain advancement connection with these deals, however. She very unusual among
Kyrgyz political figures her rejection rent-seeking and her loud denunciation political figures who use
their office for personal gain. Indeed, this aspect her personality has won her some respect the public, but
general disdain among the political class, who frequently disparage her unrealistic.
Otunbayeva served extended periods Washington and London the Kyrgyz ambassador. She has fluent
and subtle conni.i.and the English language, and broadly positive view the Urritcd States and the United
Kingdom. the three Kyrgyz leaders date, she clearly the one with the deepest understanding
American culture and the American olitical environment and the one with the most instinctivel
ro-American
leanings.
B11
1.4(0)
Otunbayeva believes that for cultural, commercial and security reasons, stable relationship between Bishkek
and Moscow matter ofprimary concern.I
Her Position within the New Government. Opposition leaders with whom have spoken expect that Bakiyev
will resign, that the opposition will dissolve parliament and form new interim government with Otunbayeva
its leader and that new elections will then soon called first for president and then for new parliament. Many the opposition figures doubt that Otunbayeva can successful candidate for president especially given her
weak pcrfonnancc prior elections parliament. Tckcbaycv more broadly expected emerge their
nominee. However, there recognition that, Otunbayeva may, she skillfully manages the transition period,
develop the necessary popular basis and emerge leader. stressed that her prospects increase relations
with foreign powers arc seen problcrn.atic, since she alone among the opposition figures viewed having
the stature and skills necessary cope with difficult foreign affairs problems.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06161854 Date: 08/02/2018
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06161854 Date: 08/02/2018
Opposition Relations With Bis~hk_e_k_E_m_b_a_s_s~_O~~o_s_i_ti_o_n_le_a_d_e_r_s_e_x~r_e_ss_a_.b_ro_ad~l~_o_s_i_ti_v_e__v_ie_w
o_f_U_T_.S_.__
ambassador Tatiana Gfoeller.
One other fact very important here: Otunbayeva herself professional diplomat. She will stron refer address these issues through diplo1natic dialogue with other professional diplomats. this suggests the necessity for the State Department assert itself and take the lead developing relations with the new
government.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06161854 Date: 08/02/2018