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SorosGuatemala

SorosGuatemala

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AJudicialWatchSpecialReport:
GeorgeSoros OpenSocietyFoundationActivitiesin
Guatemala
AdvancingaRadicalGlobalistAgendaThrough Lawfare and
PoliticalSubversion
April17,2018
JudicialWatch 4253rdStreet,SW Suite800 Washington,DC20024
Tel:202-646-5172 www.JudicialWatch.org info@judicialwatch.org
Introduction
April17,2018
JudicialWatchpromotestransparency,integrityandaccountabilityingovernment,
politicsandthelaw.Wecarryoutourmissionthroughinvestigations,research,litigation
andpubliceducation.AspartofoureducationalactivitiesweproduceSpecialReportson
importantpublicpolicymattersinordertoilluminatetheoperationsofgovernmentina
waythatinformsthepublicandholdsourtrustedpublicservantsaccountable.
ThisSpecialReportdescribestheactivitiesofbillionaire philanthropist George
SorosandhisOpenSocietyFoundationconcerningGuatemala.Soros,hisfoundationand
theiraffiliatespromoteandadvancearadical,progressiveagendathatseekstodestabilize
legitimategovernments,erasenationalbordersandidentities,targetconservative
politicians,financecivilunrest,subvertinstitutionsofhighereducation,andorchestrate
refugeecrisesforpoliticalgain.TheSorosnetworkisengagedinanactiveandongoing
efforttoaffectpolitics,economics,andsocietiesacrossLatinAmerica.Guatemala,in
particular,hasbeensubjectedtoanaggressive,insidiouscampaignofsubversionand
politicalmanipulationthatthreatensthesovereigntyofaconstitutionalrepublicandallyof
theUnitedStates.
TheSorosoperationsarehighlysophisticatedandmulti-faceted,workingacross
academia;thecourts;laborandagriculture; socialjustice organizations;co-opted
religiousassociations;and,ofcourse,politicalgroups.SorosoperationsalsoutilizeU.S.basednon-profitorganizationstofurthertheiragendainGuatemala.TheU.S.taxpayeris
alsofundingSoros effortsinthecountry.
JudicialWatchwillcontinuetoinvestigateandlitigatetoobtainevidencethatwe
willanalyzeaswepursueadditionallinesofinquiryconcerningSorosandtheOpenSociety
Foundation notjustinGuatemala butaroundtheworld,inparticular,theUnitedStates.
ThomasFitton
President
Washington,DC
Commentsshouldbedirectedto:
ChristopherJ.Farrell
DirectorofInvestigationsResearch
Summary
In2018,HungarianbillionaireGeorgeSoros OpenSocietyFoundations(OSF)are
projectedtoexpend$573,000,000ingrantsandprogramfundingthroughouttheworld.
WhiletheOSF sself-professedgoalsofstrengtheningtheruleoflaw,supporting
democraticallyelectedgovernments,promotingfairnessinpolitical,legal,andeconomic
systems,andsafeguardingfundamentalrightsmayseeminnocuous--orevennoble--the
realityisfardifferent.Undertheguiseofphilanthropy,Soros,throughhiswebof
organizationsinmorethan40countries,haspromotedaradicalglobalistagendainevery
corneroftheglobe.IntheUnitedStates,thishasincluded:
PromotinganopenborderwithMexicoandfightingimmigrationenforcement
efforts
Fomentingracialdisharmonybyfundinganti-capitalistblackseparationist
organizations
FinancingtheBlackLivesMattermovementandotherorganizationsinvolvedinthe
riotsinFerguson,Missouri
Weakeningtheintegrityofourelectoralsystems
Promotingtaxpayerfundedabortion-on-demand
Advocatingagovernment-runhealthcaresystem
OpposingU.S.counterterrorismefforts,and
Promotingdubioustransnationalclimatechangeagreementsthatthreaten
Americansovereignty
Workingtopromoteguncontrolanderode2ndAmendmentprotections
DespitetheOpenSocietyFoundations statusasnon-profitentities,muchoftheirwork
intheUnitedStatesishighlypoliticalinnature.Theyhavefundedtheliberalthinktank
CenterforAmericanProgress(whichisheadedbyformerHillaryClintoncampaign
chairmanJohnPodesta),theAssociationofCommunityOrganizationsforReformNow
(ACORN)anditsrelatedentities,andDemocraticvoterturnoutinitiatives.In2003,Soros
describeddefeatingPresidentGeorgeW.Bushas, thecentralfocusofmylife, and
donatedmorethan$15milliontoanti-Bushorganizationsandefforts.iAttheJanuary2018
WorldEconomicForuminDavos,Switzerland,SorosattackedPresidentTrumpand
describedhimasa dangertotheworld.
Similarly,inEurope,Sorosandhisfoundationshavesoughttoerasenationalborders
andidentities,targetedconservativepoliticians,financedcivilunrest,infiltrated
institutionsofhighereducation,andorchestratedamassiverefugeecrisisthatwillleave
thecontinentforeverchanged.
ThepresidentoftheOpenSocietyFoundations,PatrickGaspard,hasalonghistory
inDemocraticpartypoliticsandcommunityorganizinginsupportofleft-wingcauses.This
includedservingasthepoliticaldirectorforACORN sNewYorkChapter,anorganizerfor
thesocialistNewParty,andforJesseJackson s1988presidentialcampaign.Hewentonto
apositionasthepoliticalvicepresidentofapowerfulServiceEmployeesInternational
Union(SEIU)chapterinNewYorkandanactivistwiththeACORN-alignedWorking
FamiliesParty.HeservedasthedirectorofPresidentObama sOfficeofPoliticalAffairs
from2009to2011andastheexecutivedirectoroftheDemocraticNationalCommittee
from2011to2013,whenObamaappointedhimtobetheAmbassadortoSouthAfrica.
ShortlyaftertherulingAfricanNationalCongressproposedaconstitutionalamendmentto
expropriatelandfrompredominatelywhitefarmerswithoutcompensation,Gaspardsenta
tweetlaudingSouthAfrica sconstitutionas moreinclusive thanthatoftheUnitedStates.
TheSorosnetworkhasalsobeenengagedinanactiveandongoingefforttoaffect
thepolitics,economics,andsocietiesofLatinAmerica.TheOpenSocietyFoundationsare
projectedtospendmorethan$36millionintheregionthisyear,withmostofthefunding
dedicatedtohumanrights,justicereform,anddemocracypromotionprojects.iiiThe
foundationshavespentmorethan$100millionintheregionsince2015.
TheinterventionoftheOpenSocietyFoundationsinLatinAmericahascoincided
withtheso-called pinktide, theresurgenceofleft-wingleadersthroughoutmuchofLatin
America.ThishasincludedtheinstallationofsocialistpresidentsEvoMoralesinBolivia,
DanielOrtegainNicaragua,andSalvadorS nchezCer ninElSalvador,aswellasthe
disastrousreignsofHugoCh vezandNicolasMaduroinVenezuela.
In2007,Guatemalaelecteditsfirstleft-wingpresidentinmorethanhalfacentury,
lvaroColom.Afterhiscorruption-plaguedterm,however,Guatemalansrejectedthe pink
tide trendbyelectingformerGeneralOttoP rez-Molinatothepresidency.In2016,the
countryelectedconservativepopulistJimmyMorales,markingarenewalofconservatism
andpro-U.S.sentimentinthecountry.
Concurrentwiththisrevival,Guatemalahasfounditselfincreasinglytargetedbythe
Sorosnetwork.In2016,Soros OpenSocietyFoundationsprovidedmorethan$1,000,000
toorganizationsthere,andhundredsofthousandsmoretoU.S.-basedorganizations
supportinghisagendainthecountry.RelativetoGDP,OSFsspendmorethantwiceas
muchingrantandprogramfundinginGuatemalathanintheUnitedStates.AsintheUnited
States,theseprogramsincludefundingliberalmediaoutlets,supportingglobalist
politicians,advocatingforopenborders,fomentingpublicdiscord,andinfluencing
academicinstitutions.InGuatemala,however,Soros effortsareenhancedbytwo
significantfactors:theexploitationofallegedatrocitiescommittedduringtheGuatemalan
CivilWarforpoliticalpurposes,andaclosealignmentwiththeUnitedNations,which
maintainsacolossalfootprintinthenation.ThesefactorshaveenabletheSorosnetworkto
exerttremendousinfluenceoverthepoliticalandjudicialsystemsinGuatemala.
ThisreportwillexaminehowSorosandtheentitieshecontrolshaveadversely
impactedthenationofGuatemalaandreviewtheorganizationsandprogramsthatthe
Sorosnetworkhasfundedthere.ItwillalsosummarizehowtheOpenSocietyFoundations
areutilizingU.S.-basednon-profitorganizationstofurthertheiragendainGuatemala.
Perhapsmostshockingly,itwillreviewtheroleoftheU.S.governmentinusingtaxpayer
fundingtosupporttheSoros effortsininthecountry.
OpenSocietyFoundations InterferenceinGuatemala sJudicialSystem
InMay2010,followinganunusuallypublicselectionandvettingprocess,liberal
GuatemalanPresident lvaroColomappointedConradoReyestoserveasthecountry
AttorneyGeneral.Reyes,anattorneywithextensivepublicandprivatesectorexperience,
hadbeenendorsedbythedeansofnineGuatemalanlawschoolsandtheChiefofthe
country sSupremeCourtofJustice.ivDespitethesequalifications,andwithoutpresenting
anyevidenceofwrongdoing,UnitedNationsdiplomatCarlosCastresanacriticizedthe
appointmentandallegedthatReyeshadtiestocriminalorganizations.vAtthetime,
Castresana,aSpanishjurist,wasthedirectoroftheComisi nInternacionalContrala
ImpunidadenGuatemala(CICIG),anextremelypowerfulU.N.bodydesignedtoinvestigate
corruptionthecountry.Shortlythereafter,Castresanaresignedfromhisposition.
Despitethelackofevidenceandthefactthatnochargeswereeverbroughtagainst
Reyes,theGuatemalanConstitutionalCourt,bowingtoU.N.pressure,annulledhis
appointmentandremovedhimfromthepositionofAttorneyGeneralafteronly17days.In
itsruling,thecourtmadenofindingregardingtheallegations,butruledthattheselection
process hadnotfollowedproperprocedure.
TheOpenSocietyFoundationshavebeenstrongsupportersoftheCICIG.Justweeks
beforeReyes appointment,CastresanawasafeaturedspeakerattheOSFevententitled,
FightingImpunityinGuatemala:TheExperienceoftheCICIG. viTheOSFhasalso
publishednumerouspaperslaudingtheworkoftheCICIG,includingonethatpraisesthe
bodyforitsinterferenceinthecountry sjudicialsystem:
Inajudicialelectionprocesswhichproducesintensepoliticalmaneuvering,
CICIGhaspublicly,andwithsomesuccess,challengedtheelectionofjudges
unfittoserveonGuatemala shighestcourts.CICIGintelligenceandadvocacy
hasledtothedismissaloftwoattorneysgeneral,andfacilitatedthe
appointmentofthecountry smostreform-mindedchiefprosecutorina
generation. vii
The reform-mindedprosecutor thattheOpenSocietyFoundationcreditsthe
UnitedNationswithbringingtopowerwasClaudiaPazyPaz,whoassumedthe
positionofAttorneyGeneralafterReyes removal.Inabreakwithtradition,PazyPaz
appointmentwasnotableforitspoliticalnature.AsjournalistandGuatemalaexpert
SteveHechtnoted, Unlikeherpredecessor,whosecredentialshadbeenfreeof
partisanship,PazyPazwasqualifiedbyherpoliticalassociations.Shewasespecially
knownandlikedforherworkwiththeUnitedNationsandothertransnational
organizations.Shecametotheofficewithafirmagenda. viiiIntheassessmentof
GuatemalanattorneyMoisesGalindo, Sheistheattorneygeneralbylaw,butshedid
notgettherelegitimately.ItwasafraudulentmaneuverbytheUNcommission,which
pushedGuatemala sinstitutionstoremovethepriorattorneygeneral.Then,under
theumbrellaofthesameUNcommission,hersupportersincivilsocietypropelledher
intooffice.
PazyPaz appointmentwasclearlyasuccessfuleffortbytheUnitedNationsto
install oneoftheirown inthepositionofAttorneyGeneral.Shehadpreviously
servedastheNationalConsultanttotheUnitedNationsMissioninGuatemalaandhas
anextensivebackgroundinhumanrightsissues.xIn1994,shefoundedtheInstitute
forComparativeCriminalStudiesofGuatemala(ICCPG),ahumanrightsorganization
thathasreceivedfundingfromtheOpenSocietyFoundations.xi
PazyPaztenureasAttorneyGeneralisbestknownforherprosecutionof
formerGuatemalanPresidentandArmyGeneralEfra os-Monttandothermilitary
officialsforallegedhumanrightsviolationscommittedduringthecountry scivilwar.
DespitethefactthatGuatemalahadtheworld sfifth-highesthomiciderate,whenshe
tookofficexii,PazyPazfocusedmuchofheroffice seffortsontheprosecutionof86yearoldR os-Monttforcrimescommitted30yearsearlierduringthegovernment
effortstosuppressaMarxistrebellion. os-MonttwasconvictedofgenocideandcrimesagainsthumanityinMay
2013;however,theverdictwasannulledbytheGuatemalanConstitutionCourtten
dayslater.Anewtrialhasbeenpostponedduetohisageanddeclininghealth.
TheOpenSocietyFoundationshavereportedextensivelyontheR os-Montt
trial.Asdetailedbelow,theyhavealsodonatedhundredsofthousandsofdollarsto
non-governmentalorganizationsworkingtosupporttheprosecutionsofR os-Montt
andotherformermilitaryofficials.xiii
OnDecember15,2011,PazyPazwasoneoffourwomenhonoredbythenSecretaryofStateHillaryClintonattheInternationalCrisisGroup InPursuitof
Peace awardsdinner.xivTheInternationalCrisisGroupisheavilyfundedbytheOpen
SocietyFoundations,havingreceivedgrantsofmorethan$2.3millionfromtheOSFin
2016.
InMay2014,PazyPazwasreplacedasAttorneyGeneralbyThelmaAldana.Since
herdeparture,shehastakenupresidenceintheUnitedStatesandcontinuestobeadarling
ofthehumanrightsindustry.Shortlyafterleavingoffice,theOpenSocietyFoundations
awardeda$100,000granttoGeorgetownUniversityinWashington,DCtoallowthe
university sInstituteforWomen,Peace,andSecuritytohostPazyPazasavisiting
scholar.xvFormerSecretaryClintonservesastheInstitute sHonoraryFoundingChair.xvi
OnOctober13,2015,U.S.AmbassadortotheUnitedNationsSamanthaPowerspoke
atanOpenSocietyFoundationseventhonoringClaudiaPazyPazandJudgeYassm
Barrios,thepresidingjudgeintheR os-Monttgenocidetrial.Herjudicialauthoritywas
latersuspendedforoneyearpursuanttoamisconductcomplaintfiledbyoneofR osMontt sattorneys.
AmbassadorSamanthaPowerwithJudgeYassm nBarriosandClaudiaPazyPazxvii
JudgeBarrioscelebratingwhileannouncingherguiltyverdictintheRios-Montttrial.xviii
In2015,PazyPazpublishedabook,TransformingJusticeinGuatemala:Strategies
andChallengesInvestigatingViolentDeaths,thatwasfundedbytheOpenSociety
Foundation.xixIn2016,shewasappointedaSeniorFellowattheWashingtonOfficeon
LatinAmerica(WOLA),xxahumanrightsadvocacyorganizationthatreceivednearly$1
millioningrantfundingfromtheOpenSocietyFoundationsin2016.xxiByitsownaccount,
WOLAwasinstrumentalinthecreationoftheInternationalCommissionagainstImpunity
inGuatemala(CICIG). xxii
WOLA,oneofthemoreinfluentialactivistgroupsoperatinginGuatemala,isclosely
tiedtoboththeSorosnetworkandtheUnitedStatesGovernment.RobertVarenik,the
DirectorofOpenSociety sJusticeInitiative,alsoservesonWOLA sboardofdirectors.xxiii
TheformerExecutiveDirectorofWOLA,Dr.GeorgeVickers,leftthatpositiontobecome
theSeniorPolicyAnalystforLatinAmericawiththeOpenSocietyPolicyCenter(Soros
(c)(4)entity).xxivVickersisalsoontheboardoftheEast-WestManagementInstitute,
anotherSoros-fundedproject.xxv
DuringtheObamaadministration,then-WOLAexecutivedirectorJoyOlsonvisited
withWhiteHouseofficialsonapproximately20occasions.Theseincludedprivatemeetings
withformerNSCSouthAmericaDirectorBenjaminGedanandWhiteHouseDomestic
PolicyCouncilDirectorCeciliaMu oz,aswellastwomeetingswiththeNationalSecurity
CouncilWesternHemisphereAffairsDirectorDanRestrepo.WOLAProjectDirectorand
headoftheorganization sCubaProjectGeoffThalevisitedtheObamaWhiteHouse10
times.Mostnotably,hemetwithformerNSCofficialMarkFeiersteininJune2015(justa
coupleofweeksbeforeObama sannouncementofreopeningdiplomaticrelationswith
Cuba).Feierstein sprofessionalbiographynotesthat, hehelpedimplementthepresident
normalizationpolicytowardCuba .xxvi
WOLAhasactivelylobbiedforweakenedimmigrationenforcementandhasbeen
particularlycriticaloftheproposedborderwall.xxviiIthasalsosupportedendingthe
economicsanctionsagainsttheCastroregime.xxviii
WOLAhassupportedtheworkoftheCICIGinGuatemala,includingparticipatingin
asocialmediacampaigntoimprovepublicperceptionofthebodyamongGuatemalans.xxix
Comisi nInternacionalContralaImpunidadenGuatemala(CICIG)
TheUnitedNations InternationalCommissionAgainstImpunityinGuatemala
(CICIG)wasestablishedin2007viaatreatybetweentheRepublicofGuatemalaandthe
U.N.Itwascreatedinresponsetohistorical,endemiccorruptioninGuatemala
governmentalinstitutionswiththefollowingobjectives:
Toinvestigatetheexistenceofillicitsecurityforcesandclandestinesecurity
organizationsthatcommitcrimesthataffectthefundamentalhumanrightsofthe
citizensofGuatemala,andidentifythestructuresoftheseillegalgroups(including
thelinksbetweensuchgroupsandStateofficials)aswellastheiractivities,
operatingmodalitiesandsourcesoffinancing.
TohelptheStatetodisbandclandestinesecuritystructuresandillegalsecurity
groups,andpromotetheinvestigation,criminalprosecutionandpunishmentofthe
crimescommittedbythemembersofsuchgroups.
TomakerecommendationstotheStateofGuatemalaregardingpublicpoliciestobe
adopted includingthenecessaryjudicialandinstitutionalreforms toeradicate
andpreventthere-emergenceofclandestinesecuritystructuresandillegalsecurity
forces.xxx
WhiletheCICIGhassuccessfullyinvestigatednumerouscasesofofficialcorruptionin
theGuatemalangovernment,ithasalsobeenwidelycriticizedforexceedingitsmandateby
exertingagreatdealofinfluenceinGuatemalanpolitics.In2015,aCICIGinvestigationled
totheremovalandarrestofPresidentOttoPerez-Molinaforhisinvolvementinacustoms
servicebriberyscheme.In2016,thebodyaccusedconservativeGuatemalanPresident
JimmyMorales brotherandsonwithaschemetodefraudthegovernment.xxxi
In2017,theCICIGannouncedthatitwasinvestigatingPresidentMoralesforalleged
campaignfinanceviolations.InAugust2017,inresponsetotheCICIG sincreasingly
politicalactivities,PresidentMoralesorderedtheexpulsionofCICIGdirectorandformer
ColombianprosecutorIvanVelasquez.Despitesignificantpublicsupportfortheousterof
Velasquez,theGuatemalanConstitutionalCourtimmediatelyblockedMorales order,
contraveningtherightofsovereignnationstoexpelforeigndiplomatsundertheVienna
ConventiononDiplomaticRelations.xxxii
Despitethecontroversy,theUnitedStatesgovernmentcontinuestostronglysupport
theworkoftheCICIG.xxxiiiIn2015,formerVicePresidentJoeBidenthreatenedtowithhold
foreignaidtoGuatemalaiftheCICIG smandatewerenotextended.xxxivInaFebruary2018
speech,formerSecretaryofStateRexTillersonstatedthattheTrumpadministration,
continue[s]tosupporttheCICIG aUNbodycreatedin2006 toupholdtheruleoflaw,
strengthenaccountability,andindependentlyinvestigateillegal,corruptactivityaffecting
governmentinstitutions. TheyarejoinedbyGeorgeSoros,whoseOpenSociety
FoundationsdescribedtheCICIGas, apotentialmodelforotherstates. xxxv
TheUnitedStatesgovernmenthasalsofinanciallysupportedtheCICIG,giving
approximately$36milliontotheorganizationsince2008.xxxviDuringtheObama
administration,U.S.AmbassadortoGuatemalaToddRobinsonwasparticularlysupportive
oftheCICIG.
U.S.AmbassadortoGuatemalaToddRobinson,anObamaappointee,presentinga$7.5million
donationtoCICIGDirectorIvanVelasquezinJanuary2017
InfurtheranceoftheUnitedNations andGeorgeSoros sharedobjectivesfor
Guatemala weaponizationofthejudiciaryagainstpoliticaladversaries,vilifyingformer
militaryofficialsforalleged,decades-oldcrimes,andsubjugatingthesovereigntyofthe
republictoUnitedNationscontrol Soros OpenSocietyFoundationshavecontributed
millionsofdollarstoleftistorganizationsin,andoperatingin,thecountry.
EntitiesFinanciallySupportedbytheOpenSocietyFoundations
CentroparalaAcci nLegalenDerechosHumanos(CenterforLegalActioninHuman
Rights,CALDH)
CALDHisahumanrightsorganizationfoundedin1990thatinvestigatesalleged
abusesbytheGuatemalangovernmentduringthecivilwarandpromotesindigenousand
women srights.Theorganizationwasheavilyinvolvedintheprosecutionofformer
PresidentEfra os-Montt.Itreceiveda$100,191humanrightsgrantfromtheOpen
SocietyFoundationsin2015.In2013,itreceiveda$25,000grantfromtheOSF,
contributetoaccesstojusticeforsurvivorsofmassatrocitiesintheIxilRegion(Quich
DepartmentinGuatemala),promotetheparticipationofwitnessesintheupcomingtrialfor
suchabuses,andstrengthentheorganization slegalteaminthisprocess.
SoroshasbeenafinancialsupporterofCALDHsinceatleast2001,whentheSoros
Foundation Guatemalafundedapoliticalradioprogramrunbytheorganization.xxxviiIn
thatyear,theFoundationgave$3.6millioningrantstoGuatemalanentities,including$1.9
millionfor civilsociety projects.
ThedirectorofCALDH,JuanFranciscoSoto-Forno,waspreviouslyaninvestigatorin
theGuatemalanArchbishop sHumanRightsOfficeandworkedwiththeUN-sponsored
CommissionofHistoricalClarification(CEH).FollowingaspeakingtourintheU.S.,he
participatedinavigil/protestorganizedbySchooloftheAmerica sWatchoutsideFort
Benning,Georgia.xxxviii
In2013,Soto-FornoandCALDHattorneyEdwinCanilwerefeaturedspeakersata
forumco-sponsoredbytheOpenSocietyFoundationJusticeInitiative,WOLA,andother
organizationsregardingtheR os-Montttrial.xxxix
LaUnidaddeProtecci naDefensorasyDefensoresdeDerechosHumanos-Guatemala
(UnitfortheProtectionofHumanRightsDefenders,UDEFEGUA)
Foundedin2000,UDEFEGUAisanon-profitorganizationthatmonitorsand
investigatesthreatsandattacksagainsthumanrightsadvocatesinGuatemala.In2014,the
organizationreceiveda$65,000grantfromtheOpenSocietyFoundationsto, addressthe
increasingstigmatizationofhumanrightsdefendersinGuatemalabyincreasing
cooperationwithotherhumanrightsactorsandbettercommunicatingtheimportanceof
theirworktothepublic.
In2015-2016,theorganizationreceived$70,000ingrantfundingfromtheOpen
SocietyFoundations.UDEFEGUA s2016annualreportidentifiesOSFasoneofitsmajor
sponsors.xl
TheFundaci nContraelTerrorismo(FoundationAgainstTerrorism,FCT)has
accusedUDEFEGUA sdirector,ClaudiaSamayoa,ofhavingbeenamemberofthePartido
GuatemaltecodeTrabajo(GuatemalanLaborParty,PGT),adefunctMarxistterrorist
organizationandminorpoliticalparty.xli(Note:TheFCTisanorganizationofformer
Guatemalanmilitaryofficialstodefendtheinstitutionagainstcriticismfromthehuman
rightsindustry.ItsallegationsagainstClaudiaSamayoahavenotbeenproven).
UniversidadRafaelLand var
Foundedin1962,UniversidadRafaelLand varisaprivateCatholicinstitutionin
GuatemalaCity,withsatellitecampusesthroughoutthecountry.In2014,itreceiveda
$30,000grantfromtheOpenSocietyFoundationsto, carryoutin-depthmediacoverageof
thejusticesectorselectionprocessinGuatemalain2014. xliiItreceived$260,000ofgrant
fundingfromtheOSFin2015-2016.AsaJesuituniversity,URLhashistoricallyhadstrong
socialjusticeandliberationtheologyorientations.Despiteitsshorthistory,theuniversity
isthealmamaterofthreeformerGuatemalanpresidents(RamirodeLe nCarpio, lvaro
Arz ,and scarBerger).
FormerAttorneyGeneralClaudiaPazyPazgraduatedfromUniversidadRafael
Land var sschooloflaw. mada madaisanindependentnewspaperinGuatemala.In2015-2016,itreceivedgrant
fundingof$123,216fromtheOpenSocietyFoundation.InSeptember2017,N mada
reportedthat45percentofitsfundingcomesfromdonationsfromfoundations,including
theFordFoundation,Hivos,OpenSocietyFoundations,FreePressUnlimitedandPlanned
Parenthood.xliiiThearticlealsoincludesadefenseofGeorgeSoros. mada sDirectorandCEO,Mart nRodr guezPellecer,previouslyfoundedthe
onlineGuatemalanmediaoutletPlazaP blica,whichisalsofinanciallysupportedbythe
OpenSocietyFoundations.N mada scoverageisuniformlycriticalofPresidentMorales
andsupportiveoftheCICIG.
BufeteJuridicodeDerechosHumanos(HumanRightsLegalOffice,BJDH)
BJDHisahumanrights-focusedlawfirminGuatemala.Ithasbeeninvolvedin
investigatingandbringinglegalactionrelatedtoallegedabusesbytheGuatemalanmilitary
duringthecivilwar.In2015,theBJDHreceived$155,000ingrantfundingfromtheOpen
SocietyFoundationsto, supportlitigationanddocumentationofemblematiccasesrelated
primarilytograveviolationsthatoccurredduringtheinternalarmedconflict. xliv,xlv
Theorganization sfounderanddirector,EdgarP rezArchila,wasoneofthe
plaintiffsintheR os-Montttrial.xlviHewaspreviouslyalitigatorfortheSoros-funded
CALDH.
InstitutodeEstudiosComparadosenCienciasPenalesdeGuatemala(Institutefor
ComparativeStudiesinCriminalSciences,ICCPG).
TheICCPGisacriminaljusticereformandhumanrightsorganizationfoundedin
1994byformerAttorneyGeneralClaudiaPazyPaz.In2013,theorganizationreceiveda
multi-year,$190,000grantfromtheOpenSocietyFoundationstosupporttheAttorney
General soffice.xlvii
Asociaci nporunaVidaDigna(AVD)
TheAssociationforaDignifiedLifereceivedagrantof$99,996fromtheOpen
SocietyFoundationsin2016tosupporttheorganization venesContralaViolencia
(YouthAgainstViolence)initiative.AVDwasfoundedin2012withamissionto,
strengthenpublicsecurityandpeacefulcoexistencethroughthepreventionof
violence. xlviii
EntitiesFinanciallySupportedbytheUnitedStatesGovernment
ChecchiandCompany
ChecchiandCompanyConsulting,Inc.isaninternationalconsultancythathasbeen
aUSAIDcontractorformorethan40years.xlixSince2004,ithasreceivedatleast
$57,500,000incontractstoimplementUSAID sSecurityandJusticeSectorReformProject,
fundananti-corruptionprosecutor,supportthecreationofanindependentforensics
institute,financetheactivitiesoftheComisi nInternacionalContralaImpunidaden
Guatemala(CICIG),andotherjudicialreforms.USAID scurrentcontractwithChecchiand
CompanyisineffectuntilAugust2018.l
Comit deDesarrolloCampesino(CommitteeforRuralDevelopment,CODECA)
CODECAisahumanrightsorganizationfoundedin1992.Itsissuesinclude
improvingwagesforfarmers,landreform,indigenousandnationalizingGuatemala
electricpowersystem.Itsactivistshaveconductedlargestreetdemonstrationsandroad
blockagesthroughoutthecountry.li
lii
CODECAandtheotherorganizationshavestatedthattheprotestswillcontinueand
escalateifthepresidentdoesnotresign.liiiInadditiontocallingfortheresignationof
Morales,hiscabinet,and158congressionaldelegates,CODECAseekstoabolishthecurrent
Guatemalangovernmentand, establishanewstate,onethatreflectstheconsensusofall
thepeople,andrespectstheirwill. livTheorganization sleader,LeiriaVay,recentlytolda
mediaoutlet, Wehavetorememberthatthestatewasfoundedfortheelite the
Indigenouspeoplesareleftout.Weknowthatthereare[elite]sectorsthatdonotwant
change,andtheCICIGneedstocontinuetorootthemout.
In2016,CODECAreceivedagrantfromFrontLineDefenders,anon-profit
organizationthatsupportshumanrightsactivistsandisfinanciallysupportedbytheOpen
SocietyFoundations.lv
Despiteitsovertlypoliticalmission,in2010,CODECAreceiveda3-year,$134,890
grantfromtheInter-AmericanFoundation.lvi
AlcaldiaMayadeCanill (AMC)
TheAlcald aMayadeCanill (MayanCouncilofCanilla,AMC)isasocialserviceand
communityorganizationcomprisedofindigenousresidentsofthemunicipalityofCanill
Quich .In2013,itreceiveda$34,000grantfromtheInter-AmericanFoundation.lviiIn
2015,theIAFawardedtheAMCagrantworth$166,650.lviii
InternationalResourcesGroup(IRG)
IRGisalargeprofessionalservicesfirmandgovernmentcontractorworking
primarilyintheareasofenergy,water,andnaturalresources.In2012,itreceiveda
$38,000USAIDcontract.In2016,itsparentcompany,EngilityCorporation,receiveda
$21,786contractfromtheDepartmentofJusticeforjusticesystemreformworkin
GuatemalaundertheauspicesoftheOverseasProsecutorialDevelopment,Assistance,and
Trainingprogram(OPDAT).InFebruary2018,Engilityreceiveda$4,576Justice
DepartmentcontracttofundtheJudicialStudiesInstitute Guatemala.
Asociaci ndeAbodagosyNotariosMayas
TheAssociationofMayanAttorneysandNotaries,a/k/aNimAjpu,isanon-profit
legalservicesorganizationfocusingonindigenousrightsandgovernmentreformissues.In
2013,theorganizationreceiveda$190,000grantfromtheInter-AmericanFoundation.lix
PastoralSocialdeIxc
PastoralSocialdeIxc nisaCatholicreliefandsocialworksagencylocatedinEl
Quich Department,Guatemala(neartheborderwithMexico).In2011,PSIreceiveda3year,$195,310grantfromtheInter-AmericanFoundationforanagriculturaltrainingand
assistanceprogram.lx
CoordinadoradeAsociacionesdeCampesinasAgropecuriasdePeten(Associationsof
RuralFarmersinPet n,COACAP)
COACAPisanindigenousfarmers rightsanddevelopmentorganizationinnorthern
Guatemala.In2014,theorganizationreceivedathree-year,$161,210grantfromtheInterAmericanFoundationforacropdiversificationprogram.
ConsorcioParaEleccionesyelFortalecimientodelosProcesosPoliticos
TheConsortiumforElectionsandPoliticalProcessStrengthening(CEPPS)isan
internationalorganizationworkingonvotingrightsissues.In2015,U.S.Ambassadorto
GuatemalaToddRobinsonsignedanagreementwiththeGuatemala sSupremeElectoral
Tribunal(TSE)affirmingthatCEPPSwouldimplementUSAID selectoralassistance
programinthecountry.lxi
RedParalaDefensadelosDerechosHuman(NetworkfortheDefenseofHuman
Rights,REDEH)
REDEHisahumanrightsorganizationfocusingonruralfarmersandtheindigenous
population.In2015,theorganizationreceiveda$139,700grantfromtheInter-American
FoundationforaprogramtotrainagriculturalworkersinGuatemalaintheirlaborrights.lxii
EntitiesFinanciallySupportedbyboththeSorosNetworkandtheUnitedStates
Government
MyrnaMackFoundation
MyrnaMackwasaGuatemalananthropologistofMayanandChinesedescentwho
wasmurderedin1990bymembersoftheGuatemalanmilitary,allegedlyinretaliationfor
herresearchofMayancommunitiesdisplacedandotherwiseimpactedbythecivilwar.At
thetimeofherdeath,MackwasworkingwiththeGuatemalanAssociationforthe
AdvancementofSocialStudies,which,accordingtoUSGreporting,mayhavebeenunder
thecontroloftherebelGuerrillaArmyofthePoor,aMarxistterroristorganization.lxiii
Followinghermurder,hersister,HelenMack,establishedtheMyrnaMack
Foundation,anon-profitorganizationworkingonhumanrights,government
accountability,andsocialdevelopmentissues.
TheMyrnaMackFoundationreceiveda$24,000 democracyandgovernance grant
fromtheOpenSocietyFoundationsin2015, tosupporttwoinvestigators/researchersto
compileinformationontheMilitaryDiarycase. lxivThisgrantrelatestotheMyrnaMack
Foundation srepresentationoffamiliesofallegedvictimsoftheGuatemalangovernmentin
theDiarioMilitarcase(Jos MiguelGudiel lvarezandOthersv.Guatemala),inwhichthe
OpenSocietyFoundationJusticeInitiativewasalsoheavilyinvolved.lxvOnMay21,2013,
theMyrnaMackandOpenSocietyFoundations,alongwiththeUCBerkleySchoolofLaw
andtheWashingtonOfficeonLatinAmerica,co-sponsoredaforuminWashington,DC
regardingthetrialofformerPresidentEfra os-Montt.MyrnaMackFoundation
PresidentHelenMackandOSFLegalOfficerEmiMacleanparticipatedintheforum.lxvi
TheMyrnaMackFoundationhasalsoreceivedextensivefundingfromtheUnited
Statesgovernment.In2013,thefoundationreceiveda$100,000grantfromthe
DepartmentofStatetomonitorviolenceagainstwomeninGuatemala.In2017,they
receiveda$500,000grantfromtheDepartmentofStateto, increasecivilsocietyand
publicsectorcoordinationintheimplementationofpublicsafetyandviolenceprograms
andpreventionmeasures.
Fundaci ndeAntropolog aForensedeGuatemala(GuatemalanForensic
AnthropologyFoundation,FAFG)
TheFAFGisanon-profitorganizationofforensicscientists.Itsprimaryactivities
havebeenrelatedtoidentifyingvictimsofviolencebytheGuatemalanmilitaryduringthe
civilwar,includingidentifyingremainslocatedinmassgraves.TheFAFGhaspreviously
receivedsignificantfundingfromUSAID.lxviiIn2015,theOpenSocietyFoundations
contributed$167,000totheFAFG.lxviii
TheDirectorofFAFG,FredyPeccerelli,hasspokenatanumberofeventssponsored
bytheOpenSocietyFoundations.lxix
Fundaci nParaElEcodesarrolloylaConservaci n(FoundationforEcodevelopment
andConservation,FUNDAECO)
FUNDAECOisanenvironmentalistgroupfoundedin1990.In2013,itreceiveda
$1,000,000USAIDgranttofundasustainablewatermanagementprojectinGuatemala.In
2010,FUNDAECOreceiveda$156,000grantfromtheU.S.FishandWildlifeServicefora
rainforestprotectionproject.lxx
TheorganizationhasreceivedpastfinancialsupportfromtheSorosFoundation
Guatemala.lxxi
Chemonics
ChemonicsInternationalisaprivateinternationaldevelopmentfirmfoundedin
1975.TheorganizationhaspartneredwiththeOpenSocietyFoundationforjusticesector
reformprojectsinAlbania.lxxiiIn2016,Chemonicsreceiveda$37,390,000grantfrom
USAIDforitsYouthandGenderJusticeProjectinGuatemala.lxxiii
TheOpenSocietyFoundationshavealsodonatedmillionsofdollarstoU.S.-based
organizationstosupporttheiragendainGuatemala.Theseincludethefollowing:
GeorgeMasonUniversity
Between2012and2014,theuniversityreceivedapproximately$105,000ingrants
fromtheOpenSocietyFoundationsto supportstrategiclitigationonrighttotruthissues
inPeruandGuatemala:andtocreateadatabaseoffederalcriminalcasesinGuatemala.
GlobalFundforWomen
In2013,theOpenSocietyFoundationsgrantedtheGlobalFundforWomen
$150,000toawardgrantstowomen srightsorganizationsinGuatemalathatare
addressingviolenceagainstwomen,promotingaccesstojustice,andcontributingto
women smovementbuilding. lxxiv
OxfamAmerica
TheOpenSocietyFoundationsawardedOxfamAmericawithgrantsof$85,000in
2012and2013to, contributetothereductionofgenderviolenceinindigenousMaya
communitiesthroughawarenesscampaigns,education,andadvocacy. lxxvOxfam
InternationalChairmanJuanAlbertoFuentesKnightwasarrestedalongwithformer
President lvaroColominGuatemalainFebruary2018oncorruptionandembezzlement
charges.lxxvi
PublicHealthInstitute
PHIwasawardeda$90,000grantfromtheOpenSocietyFoundationsin2013to
supportanadolescentgirls advocacyandleadershipinitiativeinGuatemala.
SetonHallUniversityLawCenter
In2013,theOpenSocietyFoundationsgaveSetonHall slawcenter$1,500to
producealegalanalysis, tolaythegroundworkforidentifyingopportunitiesforstrategic
litigationrelatedtorighttoinformation,withafocusoncontemporaryhumanrights
violationsinGuatemala. lxxvii
TheNewSchool
In2013,theOpenSocietyFoundationsgranted$41,918totheNewSchool,aprivate
universityinNewYorkCity,foraprojecttosupporttheCentrodeEstudiosParalaEquidad
yGobernanzaenlosSistemasdeSalud(CenterfortheStudyofEquityandGovernancein
HealthSystems)inGuatemala.lxxviii
Women sInternationalNetworkforGuatemalanSolutions(WINGS)
WINGSisanon-profitorganizationbasedinMinnesota.In2012and2013,the
organizationreceivedapproximately$157,000infundingfromtheOpenSociety
Foundationsforitsfamilyplanningandadvocacyprograms.Theorganizationhasalso
receivedsignificantfundingfromUSAIDandfromtheInternationalPlannedParenthood
Federation.lxxix
WoodrowWilsonInternationalCenter
In2013,theorganizationreceiveda$240,000grantfromtheOpenSociety
Foundationsto assessU.S.-fundedsecurityprogramsandinfluencethedebateondrug
policy inGuatemalaandelsewhereinLatinAmerica.
DueProcessofLawFoundation
Thefoundationreceiveda$45,000grantfromtheOpenSocietyFoundationsin
2014tomonitorthejudicialselectionprocessinGuatemala.
FundforGlobalHumanRights
TheFundforGlobalHumanRights,anon-profitorganization,wasawardeda
$480,000grantbytheOpenSocietyFoundationsin2016tosupportprosecutionsof
allegedatrocitiescommittedduringtheGuatemalancivilwar.
Conclusion
SincetheformalendingoftheGuatemala s36-yearcivilwarinDecember1996,
politicalstabilityinthecountryhasbeenelusive.Threeofthesixpresidentselectedsince
thesigningofthepeaceaccordshavebeenarrestedoncorruption-relatedcharges,ashave
countlessothergovernmentofficials.Corruptionandotherendemicproblemswithinthe
country ssecurityapparatushavecontributedtoaprecariouspublicsafetysituationand
engenderedcrediblefearsofGuatemaladevolvingintoa narco-state. Thejudiciaryhas
beensimilarlyafflicted.In2017,SupremeCourtjusticeBlancaStallingwasarrestedon
officialcorruptioncharges.HectorTrujillo,aformerjusticeonthecountry sConstitutional
Court,wasconvictedlastyearforchargesrelatedtotheFIFAbriberyscandal.
Dueinlargeparttothecitizenry sfrustrationwithendemiccorruptionperpetrated
bythecountry spoliticalelite,GuatemalanselectedpoliticalneophyteJimmyMoralesto
thepresidencyin2015withnearly70percentofthevote.Hiscampaignslogan, neither
corrupt,norathief, reflectedhiscommitmenttoaddressthepervasivecultureof
corruption.Morales,aconservative,hasalsosoughttoincreaseprivateinvestmentin
GuatemalaandimprovebilateralrelationswiththeUnitedStates.
TherelativefragilityofGuatemala sgovernmentalinstitutionshasprompted
aggressiveinterventioninthecountrybytheUnitedStates,theUnitedNations,andcivil
societyorganizations.Thoughostensiblydesignedtostrengthentheintegrityofthestate
andtocontributetoeconomicandsocietaldevelopment,thetrueimpactofthese
interventionsismorecomplex.
TheUnitedNations Comisi nInternacionalContralaImpunidadenGuatemala
(CICIG)hasoversteppeditsauthorizedmandatebyinterferingdirectlyindomesticpolitical
affairs.TheUnitedStatesgovernment,ledbyformerformerSecretaryofStateRex
TillersonandformerU.S.AmbassadorToddRobinson,weakenedGuatemala ssovereignty
byuncriticallysupportingtheCICIG soverreachandfinanciallysupportingorganizations
thatpromotedisruptiveanddangerouspublicdemonstrations.Perhapsmostinsidioushas
beentheinvolvementofGeorgeSoros OpenSocietyFoundations,whichhavecontributed
millionsofdollarstoorganizationsthathavedestabilizedGuatemalansociety,threatened
theabilityoftheelectedpresidenttogovernthecountry,andtargetedconservative
politicians.Inlightofthesethreats,JudicialWatchproposesthefollowing
recommendationstoU.S.policymakersinvolvedinourdiplomaticrelationswith
Guatemala:
SupporttheworkoftheCICIGthatisconsistentwithitsauthorizedmandate,while
opposingthebody sincreasinginterferenceindomesticpoliticalaffairs.
ReconsiderUSAIDandotherU.S.Governmentfundingfororganizationsthatengage
inpolitically-motivatedcivildisobedienceandthosethatconcurrentlyreceive
financialsupportfromtheOpenSocietyFoundations.
EnsurethattheU.S.AmbassadortoGuatemalaandtheDeputyChiefofMission
respectGuatemalansovereigntybyrefrainingfromengagingindomesticpolitical
interferenceandconstructivelyengagingwithPresidentMoralestheotherelected
officials.
Borger, Julian. Financier Soros Puts Millions into Ousting Bush. The Guardian (UK), November 12, 2003
(https://www.theguardian.com/world/2003/nov/12/uselections2004.usa)
Edwards, Valerie. They are Danger the World: Billionaire Clinton Supporter George Soros Says the Trump
Administration Wants Create Mafia State. Daily Mail (UK), January 25, 2018
(http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5314897/George-Soros-calls-Trump-blistering-Davos-speech.html)
iii
Open Society Foundations 2018 Annual Budget
(https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/sites/default/files/open-society-foundations-2018-budget-overview20180125.pdf), p.8 Attorney General with Drug Trafficking Ties. CentralAmericaData.com, July 20, 2010
(https://m.centralamericadata.com/en/article/home/An_Attorney_General_with_DrugTrafficking_Ties)
Malkin, Elisabeth. Guatemalan Attorney General Ousted. New York Times, June 23, 2010
(http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/12/world/americas/12guatemala.html)
Open Society Foundations. Fighting Impunity Guatemalan: The Experience CICIG.
OpenSocietyFoundations.org, April 20, 2010 (https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/events/fighting-impunityguatemala-experience-cicig)
vii
Open Society Justice Initiative. Unfinished Business: Guatemala International Commission Against Impunity
(CICIG). OpenSocietyFoundations.org, March 2015
(https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/sites/default/files/cicig-report-english-20150319.pdf)
viii
Hecht, Steven. How the United Nations Did the Bidding Guatemalan Guerrilla. ImpunityObserver.com, July 22,
2015 (http://impunityobserver.com/2015/07/22/how-the-united-nations-did-the-bidding-of-guatemalanguerrilla/)
Ibid.
Washington Office Latin America. Claudia Paz Paz. WOLA.org (https://www.wola.org/people/claudia-paz-ypaz-bailey/)
Instituto Estudios Comparados Ciencias Penales Guatemala. Foro Justicia para todos todas?
ICCPG.org, March 30, 2015 (http://iccpg.org.gt/2015/03/30/foro-justicia-para-todos-y-todas/)
xii
Alfred, Charlotte. These Countries Have the World Highest Murder Rates. Huffington Post, April 10, 2014
(https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/04/10/worlds-highest-murder-rates_n_5125188.html)
xiii
United States Mission the United Nations. Remarks the Open Society Foundation Reception Honoring
Former Guatemalan Attorney General Claudia Paz Paz and Judge Yassm Barrios. October 13, 2015
(https://2009-2017-usun.state.gov/remarks/6884)
xiv
George Mason University. Guatemala First Female Attorney General Claudia Paz Paz Speak About the
Challenge Violence and Organized Crime Post-Conflict Guatemala. November 2013
(https://las.gmu.edu/articles/5976)
Foundation Promote Open Society 2014 IRS Form 990-PF (Return Private Foundation), 254
xvi
Georgetown University Institute for Women, Peace, and Security. Meet the Team
(https://giwps.georgetown.edu/meet-the-team/)
xvii
See: https://www.nbcnews.com/news/latino/guatemalans-win-civil-courage-prize-human-rights-work-n444446
xviii
See: https://panampost.com/steve-hecht/2015/07/28/fabricating-genocide-to-bring-down-rios-montt
xix
Paz Paz, Claudia. Transforming Justice Guatemala (https://giwps.georgetown.edu/wpcontent/uploads/2017/08/Transforming-Justice-in-Guatemala_English.pdf)
Washington Office Latin America. WOLA Announces New Senior Fellows. WOLA.org, September 2016
(https://www.wola.org/2016/09/wola-announces-new-senior-fellows/)
xxi
Foundation Promote Open Society 2016 IRS Form 990-PF (Return Private Foundation), 380
xxii
Washington Office Latin America. WOLA Executive Director Joy Olson Step Down the End the Year.
WOLA.org, April 19, 2016 (https://www.wola.org/2016/04/wolas-executive-director-joy-olson-to-step-down-atthe-end-of-the-year/)
xxiii
Open Society Foundations. Robert Varenik, Director Programs.
(https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/people/robert-varenik)
xxiv
Center for Media and Democracy. George Vickers. SourceWatch.org
(https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/George_Vickers).
xxv
Washington Office Latin America. Connect with WOLA New York. WOLA.org (https://www.wola.org/getinvolved/wolainnewyork/)
xxvi
Center for Strategic and International Studies. Mark Feierstein. CSIS.org (https://www.csis.org/people/markfeierstein)
xxvii
Washington Office Latin America. Alternatives Costly Border Buildup. WOLA.org
(https://www.wola.org/program/migration-border-security/border-security/)
xxviii
Washington Office Latin America. U.S. Stands Alone Defending Failed Cuba Embargo United Nations.
WOLA.org, November 2017 (https://www.wola.org/2017/11/u-s-vote-cuba-united-nations-returns-u-s-isolationwithin-global-community/)
xxix
Washington Office Latin America. WOLA Report the International Commission Against Impunity
Guatemala. WOLA.org, July 2015 (https://www.wola.org/analysis/wola-report-on-the-internationalcommission-against-impunity-in-guatemala-cicig/)
xxx
International Commission Against Impunity Guatemala. (http://www.cicig.org/index.php?page=mandate)
xxxi
Albani, Paolina. Promised Change Guatemala Nowhere Seen. OpenDemocracy.net, February 13, 2018
(https://www.opendemocracy.net/paolina-albani/promised-change-in-guatemala-is-nowhere-to-be-seen)
xxxii Jazeera. Guatemala Court Blocks Expulsion U.N. Anti-Graft Chief. August 27, 2017
(https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/08/guatemala-court-blocks-expulsion-anti-graft-chief170827173023928.html)
xxxiii
Tillerson, Rex. U.S. Engagement the Western Hemisphere. State.gov, February 2018
(https://www.state.gov/secretary/remarks/2018/02/277840.htm)
xxxiv
Menchu, Sofia. Guatemala Perez Says Biden Forced Him Accept Anti-Corruption Purge. Reuters.com,
October 25, 2015 (https://www.reuters.com/article/us-guatemala-corruption-usa/guatemalas-perez-says-bidenforced-him-to-accept-anti-corruption-purge-idUSKCN0SJ0W720151025)
xxxv
Open Society Justice Initiative. Against the Odds: CICIG Guatemala. OpenSocietyFoundations.org
(https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/sites/default/files/against-odds-cicig-guatemala-20160321.pdf)
xxxvi
Pocasangre, EE.UU. Dona $7.5 Millones CICIG. Prensa Libre, January 25, 2017
(http://www.prensalibre.com/guatemala/justicia/ee-uu-dona-us75-millones-a-la-cicig)
xxxvii
Soros Foundation Network. 2001 Annual Report. OpenSocietyFoundations.org
(https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/sites/default/files/a_complete_9.pdf),
xxxviii
School the Americas Watch. Speaking Tour with Guatemalan Human Rights Activist Juan Francisco Soto
(http://soaw.org/index.php?option=com_contentview=articleid=1367)
xxxix
International Center for Transnational Justice. Genocidio Guatmala: Futuro del Juicio Contra Rios Montt
Rodriguez Sanchez. ICTJ.org, October 31, 2014 (https://www.ictj.org/node/19740)
Samayoa, Claudia and Jorge Santos. Informe 2016. Unidad Protecci Defensoras Defensoras Derechos
Humanos Guatemala, January 2017 (http://udefegua.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Informe-Genaral-2016FINAL6.pdf)
xli
Rodriguez, Jose Daniel. Mafia los Derechos Humanos Doble Moral. Rep blica, January 31, 2016
(http://republica.gt/2016/01/31/la-mafia-de-los-derechos-humanos-y-su-doble-moral/)
xliixlii
Foundation Promote Open Society 2014 IRS Form 990-PF (Return Private Foundation)
xliii
Rodriguez-Pellecer, Mart Financia mada? Nomada.gt, September 2017
(https://nomada.gt/como-se-financia-nomada-soros-fiestas-agencias-y-mucho-mas/)
xliv
Central America Donor Forum. 2016 Central America Philanthropy Guide (https://cadonorsforum.org/wpcontent/uploads/2016/12/2016-CENTRAL-AMERICA-PHILANTHROPY-GUIDE.pdf),
xlv
Foundation Promote Open Society 2016 IRS Form 990-PF (Return Private Foundation), 403
xlvi
Castro-Saenz, Emiliano. The Greco-Roman Wrestler Who Defeated Rios-Montt. International Justice Monitor,
July 2017 (https://www.ijmonitor.org/2017/07/the-greco-roman-wrestler-who-defeated-rios-montt/)
xlvii
Foundation Support Open Society 2013 IRS Form 990-PF (Return Private Foundation), 236
xlviii
Latin America Network. venes Contra Violencia: Comprometidos por una Guatemala que Respete Vida.
June 2017 (http://la.network/jovenes-la-violencia-comprometidos-una-guatemala-respete-la-vida/)
xlix
Cheechi and Company Consulting, Inc. About Cheechi
(http://www.checchiconsulting.com/index.php?option=com_contenttask=viewid=1Itemid=14)
Cheechi and Company Consulting, Inc. Extension the Security and Justice Sector Reform Project Guatemala
(http://www.checchiconsulting.com/index.php?option=com_contenttask=viewid=69Itemid=3)
United States Embassy Guatemala. Planned Demonstrations Guatemala City
(https://gt.usembassy.gov/planned-demonstrations-guatemala-city-2/)
lii
See: https://www.efe.com/efe/english/world/guatemalan-peasants-call-president-morales-incapable-forresignation/50000262-3200605
liii
Abbott, Jeff. The State Broken Guatemala, and Only Social Movements Can Fix It. Upside Down World,
September 18, 2017 (http://upsidedownworld.org/archives/guatemala/the-state-is-broken-in-guatemala-andonly-social-movements-can-fix-it/)
liv
Ibid.
Front Line Defenders. Guatemala: Security Grant Comit Desarrollo Campesino CODECA. January 28, 2016
(https://www.frontlinedefenders.org/en/statement-report/guatemala-security-grant-comit%C3%A9-dedesarrollo-campesino-codeca)
lvi
Inter-American Foundation. Guatemala: New Grants (https://www.iaf.gov/our-work/grant-making/grants-byyear/2010-grants/guatemala)
lvii
Inter-American Foundation. Alcald Maya Canill Quich (https://www.iaf.gov/our-work/where-wework/country-portfolios/guatemala/2013-amc)
lviii
Central America Donor Forum. 2016 Central America Philanthropy Guide (https://cadonorsforum.org/wpcontent/uploads/2016/12/2016-CENTRAL-AMERICA-PHILANTHROPY-GUIDE.pdf),
lix
Inter-American Foundation. Asociaci Abogados Notarios Mayas Guatemala (https://iaf.gov/ourwork/where-we-work/country-portfolios/guatemala/2013-aanmg)
Inter-American Foundation. Linking Local Development Migration Mitigation (https://www.iaf.gov/ourwork/results/results-reports/linking-local-development-to-migration-mitigation)
lxi
Letter Understanding Between the Supreme Electoral Tribunal the Republic Guatemala and the
Government the United States America Through the United States Agency for International Development
(USAID) Guatemala. April 17, 2015 (http://elecciones2015.tse.org.gt/images/img/image/pdfs/USAID.pdf)
lxii
Inter-American Foundation. Red Para Defensa los Derechos Humanos (REDEH) (https://www.iaf.gov/ourwork/where-we-work/country-portfolios/guatemala/2015-redeh)
lxiii
For additional background regarding the Mack murder, the CIA previously-classified summary the case
viewable here: https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/DOC_0000406140.pdf
lxiv
Central America Donor Forum. 2016 Central America Philanthropy Guide (https://cadonorsforum.org/wpcontent/uploads/2016/12/2016-CENTRAL-AMERICA-PHILANTHROPY-GUIDE.pdf),
lxv
Open Society Foundations. Litigation: Diario Militar Case. January 16, 2015
(https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/litigation/diario-militar-case)
lxvi
Open Society Foundations. The Rios Montt Trial: Human Rights Accountability Guatemala. May 21, 2013
(https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/events/rios-montt-trial-human-rights-accountability-guatemalawashington-dc-event)
lxvii
United States Agency for International Development. USAID Guatemala Programs. January 31, 2010
(https://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/Pdacq002.pdf)
lxviii
Central America Donor Forum. 2016 Central America Philanthropy Guide (https://cadonorsforum.org/wpcontent/uploads/2016/12/2016-CENTRAL-AMERICA-PHILANTHROPY-GUIDE.pdf),
lxix
Open Society Foundations. Film Screening and QA: Finding Oscar. January 30, 2017
(https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/events/film-screening-and-qa-finding-oscar)
lxx
United States Fish Wildlife Service. Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act Grants
(https://www.fws.gov/birdhabitat/Grants/NMBCA/2010.shtm)
lxxi
Foundation for Ecodevelopment and Conservation. Our Donors and Historical Partners
(http://www.fundaeco.org.gt/english/about/donors-and-collaborators.html)
lxxii
Chemonics International, Inc. Project Completion Report: Albanian Justice Sector Strengthening Project
(https://www.chemonics.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Albania_JuST_FinalReport.pdf)
lxxiii
Chemonics International, Inc. Improving the Guatemalan Justice System.
(https://www.chemonics.com/projects/improving-guatemalan-justice-system/)
lxxiv
Foundation Promote Open Society 2013 IRS Form 990-PF (Return Private Foundation), 144
lxxv
Ibid., 179
lxxvi
Chair Oxfam International Arrested Corruption Charges Guatemala. Guardian (UK), February 13, 2018
(https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/feb/13/chair-oxfam-international-arrested-corruptioncharges-juan-alberto-fuentes)
lxxvii
Foundation Promote Open Society 2013 IRS Form 990-PF (Return Private Foundation), 195
lxxviii
Ibid., 209
lxxix
WINGS Guatemala. Who Are: Major Current and Past Supporters (http://www.wingsguate.org/who-weare/#major)