JW v DOJ FISA Warrant Docs 00245
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Al] information considered undassi except where utherwise shown. UNITED STATES SURVEK Classify By: 123198T32 2an (NSF Reason: (C) FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE SURVEILLANCE 1,1,1 Derived From: FEl NSICG, dated 10.2015 b}, Declassify WASHINGTON, Dc. (3) CARTER PAGE, us. Docket Number: blrl b7Arl (U) VERIFIED APPLICATION The United States America hereby applies this Court for authority conduct described herein, pursuant bla the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act 1978, amended, Title 50, United 1,3,1 b7Arl States Code (0.51:), (FISA the Act). b7E-l, (U) Identity Federgl Officer Making Aggljcglinn This applica made Supervisory Special Agent (SSA) the Federal Bureau Investigation (FBI) whose cial duties FBI Headquarters include b3rl supervision the FBI investigation the above-captioned target based upon :3: b7(}1 information ciii furnished 1375.1, Classi by: Derived from: bsal Dedassifyon: Tracking No. 143045 597(FBi) TOP SEW (5) dentigy the Target The target this application Carter blrl b751, status the target was determined about October 2016 from information provided the us. Department State. Statement Facts The United States relies upon die following facts and circumstances support this application. b371 h7Arl (i) The targetof this application agent foreign powers WEI f5) The following describes the foreign power and sets forth detail description the target and the targets activities for behalf this foreign power. ([1) ES) The Government the Russian Federation foreign power ned U,S.C. lialtl), (U) (S) The Government the Russiui Federation (Russia) internationally recognized foreign government and, the execution this application, listed the Diplomatic List published the United States Department State, and Permanent Missions the United Nations published the United Nations, and its esmbh shments the United States are components thereof. .2. 17-cv-597(FB) 15) Cland tin 111 vities (5) bS-l b7Er 1,2 11371 1mm b7]? 1.2 17-cv-597(FB) WORN b3~l b7E- (INS) Carterw- Pag kmwingly engage b7hr clandestine intelligence activities (other than intelligence gathering activities) (or behalf such foreign power, which activities invnlve are about involve violation the criminal statutes the United States, knowingly conspires with other persons engage such activities and, therefore, agent foreign power ned U.S.C. 1801(b)(2l(l5). This application targets Carter Page. The FBI believes Page has been the subject targeted recruitment the Russian Government undermine and uence the outcome the 2016 us. Presidential election Violet-inn U5. criminal law Page former foreign policy adviser b71571, Candidate for us. President (Candidate #1). WSW 17-cv-597(FB) b3rl b7lir 1,2 (U) (max) lus 13mm uenge Us. Iggidential Elections. During recent interview with identi news organization, the Director National Intelligence (DNI) stated, Russia has tried uence us, elections since the 19605 during the Cold War and there tradition Russia interfering with elections, their own and others. The UN] commenbed that this uence included providing money particulax candidates providing disinformation. The DNI added that shouldn come big shock people, think more dramatic maybe because they have the cybeI tools that they can bring bear the same effort 171 b3rl l)7l }1Y cV-597(FB) b371 b7A-l 1,2 about July 2016, Wikibeaks released trove e-mails from the Democratic Nan-ma; Committee (DNCV b7Arl There has been speculation US. media that the Russian Government was 1375 behind the hack. Russia has publicly denied any involvement the hack, Russian President Vladimir Putin said about September 2016 that Russia was not responsible for the hack, but said that the release the DNC documents was net positive: fThe important thing the content that was given tie public. Despite Russia sdenial_ b3-l b7, h7Erl, 2,3 According information its website, WildLeaks multi national media organization and associated library. WikiLeaks specializes the analysis and publication large datasets censored otherwise restricted official materials involving war, spying, and Corruption. According open source information, about yuly 2016, WikiLeaks released thousands e-mails are from the accounts DNC cials. b71-rl b7Er Eli-smegma; .5. 17-cv 597(FBI) mil-SKEW b1-1 maddmmmw b7Arl October 2016 [amt Statement from the Department Homeland Security and the b715, Office the Director afNatianul Intelligence Election Smmiy (Election Security Joint Statement), the USIC con dent that the Russian Government directed the recent compromises mails from persons and institutions, including from US. political organizations. The Election Security Joint Statement states that the recent disclosures maiis on, among others, sites like WikiLeaks are consistent with the methods and motivations Russian-directed etforts, According the Election Security Joint Statement, these thefts and disclosures are intended interfere with the US, election process; activity that not new Moscow the Russians have used similar tactics and techniques across Europe and Eurasia, for example, uence public opinion there. The Election Security Joint Statement states that, based the scope and sensitivity these efforts, only Russia senior most officials oould have authorized these activities Based the Russian Governments historical efforts uence ale-dim and the information discussed herein regarding Russia coordination with Carter Page 11171 b3-1 h7Erl,2 17-CV-597(FBI) _oundemeand-mpmpaxymiuegauy b371 uence the 2016 US. Presidential election. b7A-1 b7li~ (u) b7A-l b7E~l,2 stated the legislative history FISA: Not only foreign powers engage spying the United States obtain information, they also engage activities which are intended harm the Nation security affecting the course our Government, the course public opinion, the activities individuals. Such activities may include political action (recruiting, bribery uencing public cials act favor the foreign power), disguised propaganda (including the planting false misleading articles stories and harassment, intimidation, even assassination individuals who oppose the foreign power: Such activity can undermine our democratic institutions well directly threaten the peace and safety our citizens. HR. Rep. No. 95-1283, pt. at4l (1973). (U) 16mm The Russian Government Attempts uence the EIS US. Presidential Election about March 2016, George Papadopoulosi and Carter Page (the target this application) were publicly identified Candidate part his/her fomignponcysam. b7A- 137137 blrl (5) My] b7A-l b7lirl,2 17-cv-597(FB) _ihe FBI believes that the Russian Guvemment efforts are being coordinated with Page and perhaps other individuals associamd with Candidate campaign b371 b7A71 h7Drl WE- 112 (U) b7Erl, mil-SW 17-cv 597(FB) b371 b7A-1 7E7 discussed below, Page has established relationships with Russian Cavemen: cials, including Russian intelligence cers, III.(U) Caner Page. (U) (X) Page Connections Russia and the R18. Page, citizen, the founder and managing partner Global Energy Capital LLC (GEC), investment management and advisory that focuses the energy sector primarily emerging markets. 13:21 17-cv-597(FBI) b7Arl blrl b7A-1 MW) b7Arl -fwm approximately 2004 2007, Page lived Russia 137134, During this me, Page began business dean- with sawm __._. 1)] him b7Avl b7Fr 17-cv-597(FB) Wow (WK) According information provided Page during b7E~l, [3371 b7Arl b7C72 b73112 hlrl b371 SIDQE E672 b7A-l b7(}2 b7E-l, 5W) hlrl bS-l b7Arl b7Er 17-cv-597(FBI) b6-2 b7Ar b7C-2 According information provided Page during intermew MEL b7Arl b7Erl,2,6 (U) about January 2015, Podobnyy, along with Evgeny Buryakav and Igor Sporyshev, were charged sealed complaint the US, District Court for the Southern District New York for Violations U.S.C. 371 and 951 (conspiring act, and acting as, unregistered agent foreign government). According the complaint, Buryakov worked the United States agent the SVR. Speci cally, Buryaknv operated under non-of cial cover, posing employee the Manhattan Russian bank Buryakov worked with two other SVR agents, Podubnyy and Sporyshev, gather intelligence behalf 17-cv-597(FB) Russia The complaint states that the intelligence gathering efforts Podobnyy and Sporyshev included, among other things, attempting recruit New York City residents intelligence sources for Russia. (PM?) blrl i737] 1,672 b7A-l b702 b7E-l,2 (U) Buryakov was arrested about January 2015. the time ryakov arrest, Podobnyy and Sporyshev longer lived the United States and were not arrested. about March 2016, Buryakov pled guilty conspiring act the United States agent Russia, without providing prior notice the Attorney General. about May 2016, Buxyakov was sentenced months prison. cv~597(FBl) 121-1 b3-l b7Arl b7Fxl, (U) (Wrages Coordination with Russian Government cials 2016 Presidential Election uence Activities. According open source information, ]uly 2016, Page traveled blrl Russia and delivered the commencement address the New Economic School.7 addition giving this address, the FBI has learned that Page met with least two MAJ b7Drl Russian cials during this trip. First, according information provided FBI b7Ei con dential human source (Source 31), _reponzed that Page had (U) WEEK b7A71 b7E- Souroe and has been FBI source since b3-1 Source reporting has been corroborated and used criminal proceedings and the FBI assesses Source reliable. Source has been compensated b7]; the FBI and the F131 unaware any derogatory information pertaining Source #1. Source #1, who now owns foreign business/ nancial intelligence rm, was approached identi US, person, who indicated Source that 15- 17-cv-597(FB) U.S. based law firm had hired the identi U.S. person conduct research regarding Candidate ties Russia (the identified US. person and Source have long-standing business relationship} The identified US. person hired Source conduct this research. The identi U.S, person never advised Source the motivation behind the research into Candidate ties Russia. The FBI speculates that the identified US. person was likely looldng for information that could used discredit Candidate campaign, (U) Source (11 tasked his subesource(s) collect the requisite information. After Source received information from the sub-source(s), described herein, Source provided the information the identified US. person who had hired Source and the FBI. b3-1 b7Arl b7Drl b7E-l, Notwithstanding Source 31s reason for con into Candidate ties Russia, based Source previous reporting history with the FBI, whereby Source provided reliable information the FBI, the FBI believes Source reporting herein credible. ducting the research mil in}! b7A-l b7l)rl b7E- tall b7Arl b7Drl b7Er -16 17-cV7597(FB) secret meeting with Igor Sechin, who the President Rosneft Russian energy company] and dose assodate Russian President PUtin. b3- b7D-1 able-related Western b7E- 1,2 reported that, during the meeting, cooperation and the prospects for associated move lift Ukr sanctions against Russia b7A-1 (U) b7D-l b7Erl (15W) b171 bsrl 7Drl b7Er (U) about April 2014, the US. Department the Treasury (USDOT) announced sanctions that would taken against Russian Government officials and entities result Russian efforts destabilize Ukraine. Sechin was identi cial the Russian Government, and further identi the President and Chairman the Management Board for Rosneft, position continues hold. The USDOT announcement also stated Sechin was formerly the Deputy Prime Minister the Russian Federation from 2008 until 2012, and from 2004 until 2008, Sechin was the Deputy (lief Staff for Russian Prmident Putin. shown The USDOT sanctions announcement identi Sechin someone who utter loyalty Vladimir Putin key component his current standing, 17-cv-597(FBI) Wells -acoording Source #1, Divyekin [who assessed Igor Nikolayevich Divyekin]. b7A, b71371 11: me: Page and that their agenda for the meeting included Dlvyekin raising dossier ls:oi:npromat that the Kremlin possessed Candidate and the possibility being released Candidate campaign b}! b7A~l h7D-l h7E- (U) (8) Kompmmat Russian term politician political gure, blackmail. compromising material about which typically used create negative publidty blrl bS-l b7Arl b7Erl,2 17~cv-597(FB) hlrl b3-1 b7Arl b7D-1 b7Er blrl 133-1 b7Arl b7D-1 b7E- blrl 13371 b7Arl b7Drl b7Erl, 13171 b371 b7A-1 b7Drl b7E71, (mm b3-1 b7A71 b7D-l b7E71,Z 19- 17-cv-597(FBI) blrl b371 b7Arl 17-cv-597(FBI) [171+ 1,2 b7Arl h7F71,7 mil-589W July 2016 article identi news organization reported that Candidate campaign worked behind the scenes make sure Political Party platform would not call for giving weapons Ukraine fight Russian and rebel forces, contradicting the view almost all Political Party foreign policy leaders Washington. The article stated that Candidate campaign sought make sure that [Political Party #1] would not pledge give Ukraine the Weapons has been asking for from the United States. Further, August 2016 article published identi news organization characterized Candidate ill saundjng like supporter Ukraine territorial integrity September , adopted milder tone regarding Russia annexation Crimea. The August 2016 article further reported that Candidate said Candidate might recognize Crimea Russian territory and lift punitive US. sanctions against Russia. The article opined that while the ream for Candidate shift was not clear, Candidate more conciliatory words, which contradict Political Party oiticial platform, follow Candidate recent association with several people sympathetic Russian bl-l uence Ukraine, including foreign policy adviser Carter Pagei_ bari b7Arl >21 17-cv-597(FBI) blrl WEEK S-PW b3-1 b7Arl h7Erl,2 b3rl b7Drl XV.(U) (W) Page Denial ggogaa with the Rus Govenunent. (U) (16m) about September 23, 2016, identified news organization published article (September 23rd News Article), which was written the news organization Chief Investigative Correspondent, alleging that U.S. intelligence icials are investigating Page with respect suspected efforts the Russian Govemmant uence the U.S. Presidential election. According the September 23rd News Article, US, cials received intelligence reports that when Page was Moscow July 2016 deliver the above-noted commencement address the New Economic School, met with two senior Russian cials. The September 23rd News Article stated that well p1aced Western intelligence source told the news organization that Page met with Igor Sechin, longtime Putin associate and former WORN 22- 17-cv-597(FBI) Russian deputy minister who now the executive chairman Rosneft. their alleged meeting Sechin raised the issue the lifting sanctions with Page. According the September 23rd News Article, the Western intelligence source also reported that U.$. intelligence agencies received reports that Page met with another top Putin aide Igor Divyeldn, former Russian security ofiidal who now serves deputy chief for internal policy and believed U. officials have responsibility for intelligence collected Russian agendas about the US. election (U) (3am According the September 23rd News Article, certain members Congress were taken aback after being briefed the alleged meetings and viewed the meetings possible back channel the Russians that could undercut US. foreign policy The September 73rd News Artidealso stated that, following the brie ng, the Senate Minority Leader wrote the FBI Director, and citing the reports (95) discussed above, Source was hired business associate conduct research into Candidate 31s ties Russia, Source provided the results his research the business associate, and the FBI assesses that the business associate likely provided this information the law that hired the business associate the first place. Source told the FBI that he/she onl rovided this information the business associate and the FBI. :3: b7Er The FBI does not believe that Source directly provided this information the press. 23- 17-cv-597(FB) meetings between advisor Candidate [the advisor was unnamed the letterl but the article indicated that the advisor Page] and high ranking sanctioned individuals [in context, likely reference Sechin] Moscow over the summer evidence signi cant and disturbing ties between Candidate campaign and the Kremlin that needed investigated the FBL Based statements the September 23rd News Article, well 111 other recent articles published identified news organizations, Candidate campaign repeatedly has made public statements attempt create the appearanoe distance between Page and Candidate 111 campaign. For example, the September 23rd News Article noted that Pages precise role Candidate campaign unclear. According the article, spokesperson for Candidate campaign called Page informal foreign advisor who does not speak for [Candidate #1] the campaign addition, another spokesperson for Candidate campaign said that Page has role and added [WIe are not aware any his activities, past present. However, the article stated that the campaign spokesperson did not respond when asked why Candidate had previously desuibed Page advisor. addition, about September 25, 2016, identified news organization published article that was based primarily interview with Candidate current campaiyl manager (the September 25th News 24- 1T-cv 597(FBI) Article). During the interview, the campaign manager stated, [Page is] not part the campaigri running. The campaign manager added that Page not part Candidate national security foreign policy brie ngs since he/she became campaign manager response question from the interviewer regarding reports that Page has been meeting with Russian officials essentially attempt conduct diplomatic negotiations with the Russian Government the campaign manager responded, [Page is] doing that, certainly not doing with the permission knowledge the campaign b7E-1, (U) (WOn about September 25, 2016, Page sent letter the FBI Director this letter, Page made reference the accusations the September 23rd News Article and denied them Page stated that the source the accusations nothing more than completely false media reports and that did not meet this year with any sanctioned official Russia. Page also stated that would willing cv-597(FBI) discuss any nal questions the FBI may have. Additionally, about September 26, 2016, identi news organization published article that was based interview wid Page (September 26th News Article). the September 26th News Amide, that all the accusations are complete garbage and that did not meet with Scchin Divyekin. Page also stated that would taking leave absence from his work with Candidate 311 campaign because the accusations are distraction- 13371 b7Arl b7D-l b7Er b371 b7Erl, cV-597(FBI) blrl 1,371 b7Arl 1371371, b7Ar] b7Dr] b7E71,2,6 blrl b371 h7A71 b7Dr} b7Er -27 cv-597(FBI) 728- cv-597(FBI) 1317] [33-1 b7Arl b7D~l b7Er blrl b371 b7A b7D v1. (5) blrl (39 b6-2 (W9 B702 _bm b7Erl, 2,4, (sa blrl (mm 133.1 bsvz b7C72 b7Erl. I(U) bsrl b7Arl b7Er 29- 17-cv-597(FB) (9mm bl-l bS-Z b7C-Z b7Erl,Z,3.6 (59 (mm blrl b6-2 b7C-2 17rcv-597(FBI) (s) (m_ b3rl b7A-l b7CrZ b7E71,2,3,6 (sm> 133-1 b7Ar] b7Er 1,2, 3,6 ~31 cv-597(FB) b3-l b7Arl VII. (U) Conclusion. (1}) discussed above, the FBI believes that Page has been collaborating and conspiring with the Russian Govemmeni Based the foregoing facts and circumstances, the FBI submits that there probable cause believe that Page knowingly engage clandestine intelligence activities (other than intelligence gathering activities) for behalf such foreigi power, knowingly conspires with other persons engage sud: activities and, therefore, agent foreign power ned use. 1801(b)(2)(E)l (U) (sm h7A the FBI submits that there probable cause believe that such acri vines involve are about involve violations the criminal statutes 32- 17rcv~597(FBl) 119W mumasms b7Arl (U) b7Erl,2 blrl b7Arl b7C72 17-cv-597(FBI) blrl 1:371 b7Arl hlrl 1:37] b7A-1 b7Er blrl b371 b7A71 b71371, may 17-cV-597(FBI) WSW (K) The certi cation the Assistant the President for National Security Affairs Executive branch cial duly designated the 131.1 b3-1 President certifying cial Executive Order Number b7A_1 b7E- _as amended, set forth below (as) my] b7Arl (8) b71571 (U) The FBl foreign intelligence goals for this investigation are set forth the oerti caiion the Executive Branch cial contained herein However, the authorities requested this application may produce information and material which might, when evaluated prosecutive authorities, constitute evidence violation United States law, and this investigation may result eventual 41- 17-cv-597(FB) WSW criminal prosecution the target. Nevertheless, discussed the certi cation, least signi cant purpose this request for collect foreign intelligence information part the FBI investigation this target. 11 b3rl The authorities requested should not automatically terminate when foreign A71 b7Erl, intelligence information has first been obtained. Additional information the same type will obtained continuous basis throughout the entire period requested, The activities which the United States must identify and monitor are incremental and continuous, and communications relating such activities are often disguised appear innocuous, The type foreign intelligence information being sought and the fact that the activities this target are ongoing preclude the conclusion that, given time, all such information has been obtained and collection oanbe ended Accordingly, the United States requests the authorities specified heIein for period ninety (90) days, cs) bl-l b3-l b7E- 43- 17-cv 597(FBI) 17-CVA597(FBI) blrl b371 h7A-l b7Erl, bl-l b3rl b7Arl b7Erl,2 h3-l b7Arl b7E-Z, b71871 (EJ blrl b371 b71271, Mr] b7E-l. cv-597(FB) b371 b7Erl, b3-1 13715-1, as>_ b3-1 b7Arl 17-cv-597(FB) b}! b7Erl, 3,6 b7A- b7Erl, (Um) Sggcifig Authoritje Reguesk Based upon the foregoing information the United States requests that this Court authorize the FBI conduct the activities described immediawa below for the penod requested herein.