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Judicial Watch • JW v State Jan 2018 records 00687 8-13

JW v State Jan 2018 records 00687 8-13

JW v State Jan 2018 records 00687 8-13

Page 1: JW v State Jan 2018 records 00687 8-13

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Number of Pages:6

Date Created:January 17, 2018

Date Uploaded to the Library:January 17, 2018

Tags:saudis, Abdullah, kingdom, arabia, religious, 2018, Islam, Muslim, Islamic, Saudi, Jan, foreign, israel, 00687, unclassified, Obama, records, American, department, states, united


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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06174211 Date: 12/22/2017
From:
Sent:
To:
Subject:
Attachments:  behalf
Friday, February 12, 2010 2:22
Justin Cooper
Fw: memo Saudi/Chas Freeman. Glad Bill well. Sid
hrc memo saudi 021210.docx
RELEASE PART
Pls print for me.
Original Message
From: sbwhoeopl~------------~
To:
Sent: Fri Feb 13:58:15 2010
Subject: memo Saudi/Chas Freeman. Glad Bill well. Sid
CONFIDENTIAL
February 12, 2010
For: Hillary
From: Sid
Re: Saudi Arabia have been contact with Chas Freeman, former ambassador Saudi Arabia, and has
sent his most recent public speech the subject. says the policy part toward
the end, and that King Abdullahs new university (KAUST) important initiative.
also relates that the atmosphere near toxic because Obama failure follow
his Cairo speech and the rebuff from Netanyahu. Cynicism, best, pervasive among the
Saudi elite.
Saudi Arabia: The End Progress without Change
Remarks the Sarasota Institute for Lifetime Learning
Ambassador Chas Freeman, Jr. (USFS,
Sarasota, Florida, February 11, 2010
Ret.) have been asked speak you about the Kingdom Saudi Arabia.
have never before addressed American audience. Why bother?
This topic Americans reserve the right have strong opinions the basis little
knowledge.
There are few countries that better exemplify our assertive ignorance
foreign geography, history, and culture than Saudi Arabia.
Most are convinced that
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06174211 Date: 12/22/2017
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06174211 Date: 12/22/2017
Saudis are Muslim zealots, control the worlds oil prices, and are absurdly rich, antifeminist, and undemocratic.
They hate our values and want destroy us.
Talk radio
confirms this. What more needs said? reflection, lot does.
Neither caricature nor priori reasoning sound basis
for policy. distorted view foreign realities precludes success dealing with
them.
There much stake our relationship with Saudi Arabia. can ill afford get wrong.
That country is, course, the heartland Islam and the custodian the worlds
largest oil reserves. lies athwart transport routes between Asia, Europe, and Africa. the center growing concentration global capital.
Under any
circumstances, the Kingdom Saudi Arabia would important. all the more era when Americans are war with ever more peoples the Islamic world, depend ever greater amounts imported energy, and need ever larger foreign loans run our
government and sustain our life style.
Yet Saudi Arabia little known. the only society the planet not have been
penetrated Western colonialism. European armies breached its borders;
missionaries; merchants.
Its capital, Riyadh, was long off limits infidels; the
holy cities Mecca and Medina remain today.
When Westerners finally came Saudi
Arabia, came not the vindicators our presumed cultural superiority, but hired
help. result, some say that Saudis secretly see the worlds peoples divided into
two basic categories: (1) fellow Saudis; and (2) potential employees. that may,
foreigners, Western, Asian, Arab, who have lived Saudi Arabia all see very
strange place one that not easy understand and that remains odds with many
the values non-Saudis profess.
The Kingdom has long stood apart from global norms.
Its system government draws
tribal and Islamic traditions rather than Western models.
Its king presides rather than
rules over the royal family and Saudi society.
His responsibility less make
decisions than shape and proclaim consensus, while assuring share the national
wealth all, especially the least privileged.
Saudi Arabia levies taxes its
citizens, other than the religious tithe known zakat two-and-a-half percent
annual donation private capital charity and other public purposes.
All Saudis
enjoy free education and medical care from birth death and can pursue these services home abroad, they wish.
The Kingdom has parliament, though does have
elaborate informal mechanisms for consultation with its citizens policy matters.
Saudi Arabia reverses and thereby affirms basic principle American political
philosophy. representation without taxation.
Unlike some other countries the Arab Gulf, Saudi Arabia has invested its oil wealth
home, not abroad, though has long been generous with foreign aid.
(At one point
was donating six percent GDP other, mostly Muslim, nations.)
The desperate poverty the pre-oil period now, most, dim memory. Over the lifetime elderly
Saudis, the Kingdoms per capita income has risen about one hundred fold.
Sparsely
populated mud-walled villages have grown into huge air-conditioned cities with 21st
Century architecture.
Today, Saudis are not just literate; many have university degrees.
There are more U.S. Ph.D.s the Saudi Cabinet than our Cabinet and Congress put
together.
Despite rapid development, the strong family structure that characterized traditional
Saudi society has remained largely intact. truly moving see how lovingly
children and grandchildren care for their elders the Kingdom.
Saudi Arabias unique
social stability reflected the fact that almost none its citizens emigrate,
though many have second homes abroad, and few, like Osama Binladin, have been exiled
for deviant behavior.
For long time was easier for journalists and academics get visa Tibet than Saudi Arabia.
Perhaps this accounts for the near total lack institutions and
scholars that study the place. the United States, 9/11 was followed avalanche polemical tracts, but there are still very few books about the Kingdom that reflect
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06174211 Date: 12/22/2017
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06174211 Date: 12/22/2017
its realities rather than the authors biases propagandistic agendas.
Lack
personal familiarity with the Kingdom helps explain the repeated prediction pundits
that the Saudi monarchy eopardy.
Generations such pundits have passed away.
The Kingdom has not. When was ambassador Riyadh, was struck the apparent
social stasis that briefly thought the national motto should progress without
change. But fact change constant Saudi Arabia.
Most comes from the
top down.
Not all Saudis are happy with the status quo.
Some are angry about the extent which
the Kingdom opening and reforming.
Others are impatient get with reform.
The ranks the latter clearly include King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al-Sa ud, the current
ruler.
Now his late eighties and the throne only since 2005, has surprised
everyone with the vigor his efforts modernize Saudi society and reshape its
relationships with the world beyond its borders.
Saudi Arabia has plenty problems
keep the king engaged. lot issues derive from the peculiar religious heritage the Saudi state.
The
current Kingdom Saudi Arabia (now over century old) the third political structure ally the House with the family the eighteenth century religious reformer
Shaykh Islam Mohammed ibn Abd al-Wahhab Al-Tamimi.
Ibn Abd al-Wahhabs writings
form the doctrinal basis so-called Wahhabism, notoriously intolerant and socially
conservative form Islam that often confused with other reactionary religious
traditions like that the Taliban.
Saudi history has involved sustained effort
the Kingdoms rulers persuade its religious scholars and their puritanical followers embrace change and open the outside world.
This struggle has mainly been
peaceful and virtually invisible outsiders.
Sometimes, however, has engendered
violence. 1975, for example, the late King Faisal paid with his life for instituting
public education for girls and for introducing television his nation.
Both regent (from 1996 2005) and more recently ruler, King Abdullah has been
careful avoid drama his promotion change that truly startling review
the cumulative results his leadership.
Take womens issues, for example. 2002,
responsibility for girls education was transferred from the religious authorities the
ministry education.
Women now make percent the enrollment Saudi
universities.
The new Princess Noura bint Abdulrahman University for Women, currently
under construction Riyadh, will enroll 40,000 students this fall.
Female participation the labor force rising rapidly.
Twenty-nine percent women
now work outside the home.
(That low figure compared our own but represents
remarkable advance for the Kingdom.)
One-third civil service positions have been
reserved for women.
The first woman took her seat the Council Ministers last year.
After bit kerfuffle, the Kingdoms religious scholars finally endorsed coeducation the new King Abdullah University for Science and Technology.
That was big blow the
legitimacy gender apartheid. Saudi friend and are betting that will not
long before women the Kingdom can drive. plan clean building the separate
road system this may require.
(Thats joke, hope.) word about the vision embodied the King Abdullah University for Science and
Technology.
Founded the king last September with initial endowment ten billion
dollars, KAUST international, graduate-level research university. sits
two-billion-dollar campus the Red Sea about seventy-five miles northwest Mecca.
one level, the leading element effort prepare the Kingdom for knowledgebased economy that can complement and eventually supercede the current reliance energy
exports.
But another level, powerful answer the religious zealotry that
terrorist movements like ida espouse.
Let explain.
There broad consensus among the worlds 1.6 billion Muslims that the modern age
ethically corrupt and that religious faith needs reinvigoration and renewal.
Much like
early Christian Protestants, many believe that the way achieve this rediscover
and reaffirm the values their religions earliest times.
When inaugurated KAUST,
King Abdullah explained that envisaged reborn Bayt al-Hikma House
Wisdom. The original House Wisdom was founded Baghdad around E., the
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06174211 Date: 12/22/2017
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06174211 Date: 12/22/2017
second century the Muslim era. was where the Arabs incorporated Greek, Indian and
other foreign knowledge into Islam and conceived much modern mathematics, astronomy,
medicine, chemistry, zoology, and geography. made Islamic civilization the global
leader science and technology.
The House Wisdom prospered age
tolerance, when Jews and Christians served alongside Muslims ministers government.
Though destroyed the Mongols 1258, the knowledge preserved and developed
eventually found its way Europe, where sparked the Renaissance.
Today, like mainstream Muslims, the extremists ida and related movements argue
that Islam must return its roots.
But they portray early Islam puritanical,
xenophobic, intolerant, and oppressive women.
KAUST living rebuttal this
historical fallacy and the ideology hatred derived from it. was conceived new
House Wisdom. stands for the principle that Islam was founded and can only reborn the religious guide society open ideas from other traditions.
represents call for return Islam tolerant foreign ways, respectful women,
dedicated the scientific study Gods handiwork, and committed the development
new technologies better the human condition.
KAUST much instrument
religious renaissance and answer extremism academic institution.
This brings the issue religious tolerance. 2003, King Abdullah inaugurated
what called national forum for intellectual dialogue.
This ongoing national
dialogue unprecedented acceptance religious diversity the Kingdom. marks end longstanding official discrimination against its Shiite minority. 2007,
King Abdullah made historic call the Pope the Vatican, the first time Muslim
leader his stature had done so. 2008 organized two unprecedented international
interfaith conferences between Muslims, Jews, Christians, Buddhists, and others Madrid
and New York. intends this dialogue, too, continuing process.
There are other major domestic reform initiatives progress, like complete revamping the Saudi educational system and curriculum, experiments with elections lower
levels government and civil society, efforts shift the Kingdom toward reliance
alternative sources energy, the development huge new petrochemical industry
complement the production energy its primary form.
Time will not permit
describe these developments. point simply that there great deal more going Saudi Arabia than our press and pundits seem realize.
That said, everything is, course, relative.
Sadly, many Saudis, the history
their nation suggests that the more religiously uptight they are, the more oil comes out the ground.
The Kingdom continues many ways belie Gods admonition the Holy
Quran that there can compulsion religion. The open practice religions
other than Islam remains banned.
The status and role women Saudi society
controversial and far from settled.
Despite efforts Saudiization, foreign workers
continue dominate the employment market, while demanding premium compensate for
the discomfort and stress that Saudi Arabias religiously sanctioned mores impose
them. Methods political consultation that worked more cohesive and less populous
Saudi Arabia can longer produce consensus.
The fiscal basis the state continues oil exports, and oil commodity whose price fluctuates unpredictably.
There is, other words, very long list problems for Saudis work out coming years.
Let turn briefly Saudi Arabias foreign relations before reviewing the state our
countrys interaction with it. foreign even more than domestic affairs, King Abdullahs impact has been little short revolutionary. has overseen the negotiated settlement the Kingdoms longdisputed borders with all its neighbors. brought Saudi Arabia into the World Trade
Organization, ensuring that its trade and investment activities for the first time follow
internationally agreed rules. 1982, Beirut, led the Arab League historic
reversal policy toward the Israel-Palestine issue.
Saudi Arabia had long insisted
that would the last state the region recognize and establish relations with
Israel. Beirut, King Abdullah committed the first normalize relations with
Israel upon its achievement mutually acceptable arrangement for coexistence with the
Palestinians. persuaded all other Arab countries promise they would the same.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06174211 Date: 12/22/2017
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06174211 Date: 12/22/2017 his great frustration, Israel did not respond.
Since then, hope for two-state
solution that could gain acceptance for Israel the region has dimmed.
Many Saudi Arabias foreign policy challenges stem from recent American policies
the region.
These policies have had the effect liberating Israel from all constraints its settlement activities and belligerent intervention its Arab neighbors,
installing Iran the dominant political influence both Iraq and Lebanon,
consolidating rather than eroding the Syrian-Iranian alliance, pushing Hamas into the
arms the Iranians, and raising regional tensions over Tehrans nuclear program while
doing nothing effective about it.
Then there Afghanistan, where the United States now
seems engaged crusade against militant Islam one that many the region now
fear may soon extend Yemen.
Saudi counter-terrorism specialists, who have welldeserved international reputation for effectiveness, are convinced that the most
efficient way radicalize Muslim populations and encourage terrorism against the United
States and its foreign policy partners invade, occupy, and humiliate them.
They
believe that the panicked militarism the U.S. response 9/11 was exactly what groups
like ida hoped for.
They see sign that the United States about abandon
actions and policies that metastasize extremism and stimulate terrorist reprisal against
Americans and our foreign friends. longer willing publicly associated with U.S. policies the Holy Land, Iraq,
Afghanistan, and elsewhere that radicalize the region and menace the Kingdoms own
security, Saudi Arabia actively attempting reduce its historic dependence
America. this end, building new relationships with countries like China, India,
and Russia, while strengthening cooperation with longstanding partners Europe and Asia
like Britain, France, Germany, Japan, and south Korea. not that the Kingdom has
given the United States. the kings scholarship program for Saudi students
this country evidences, Saudi Arabia continues reach out and seek improved relations
with America.
But Saudis longer trust take their interests into account
protect them from their enemies. December 2002, the U.S. prepared invade Iraq against the forcefully expressed
advice then Crown Prince Abdullah, Saudi Aramco (the worlds largest oil company)
quietly abandoned decades-old subsidy for the cost shipping oil the North
American market.
Within months, China replaced the United States the Kingdoms
biggest overseas market for oil. U.S. exports have remained relatively constant the
Saudi Arabian economy has boomed, dramatically reducing our market share our largest
Middle Eastern market.
Ironically, the best element the US-Saudi relationship now
cooperation against terrorists.
This task which the Saudis have perforce learned excel.
American policies ensure endless supply angry young Muslim men the
region, including Saudi Arabia.
The United States now said have entered long war. The last time did so,
1947 with Soviet Communism, the enemy was obvious, George Kennan gave strategy, and
skillful American diplomacy gave the allies needed pursue it.
Kennans long
telegram from Moscow outlined comprehensive approach the political, economic,
cultural, and military containment the threat our survival and our values posed
the Soviet Union. followed his outline.
Forty years later, Kennan forecast,
without our having war with the USSR, our Soviet enemy collapsed its own
infirmities.
This time, our long war with various Islamic extremists, tribes, sects, and
societies.
Were not quite sure who our enemy is. Kennan has emerged give
strategy for winning without fighting or, indeed, any strategy all.
Instead, are
flailing about with our superbly lethal military response events.
Lacking
strategy, have been unable recruit foreign partners support one. are now
alone Iraq. are isolated internationally the Israel-Palestine issue.
Our NATO
allies are with Afghanistan out consideration for NATO, not because they think know what are doing.
Many them have already announced their intention
withdraw.
Pakistan with only because all its alternatives are worse.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06174211 Date: 12/22/2017
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06174211 Date: 12/22/2017
Saudi Arabia and America head Qaidas enemies list.
The Kingdom has, however, been
successfully vilified the eyes the American elite and public. deal effectively
with Islamic extremism, need Muslim allies.
There none more potent that the
Kingdom Saudi Arabia.
Yet have made effort seek its advice about how
address the challenges Islamic extremism. have not sought its help legitimize effective political, informational, cultural, and economic strategy for productive
engagement with the Islamic world.
Meanwhile, however, many things now happening the Kingdom like the implicit message the kings vision for KAUST suggest that such partnership with Saudi Arabia and
Arab nations like mind possible.
Such partnership could the basis for
strategy bring victory this latest long war. The common interests which
forge alliance are clearly there.
Last June Cairo, President Obama brilliantly
articulated credible basis for sound relations with the Islamic world.
His vision was
persuasive, but remains mirage, not reality. past time implement it.
intensive effort reset the relationship with Saudi Arabia and craft common
antiterrorist strategy with its king would good place start.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2016-07895 Doc No. C06174211 Date: 12/22/2017