Number of Pages:7
Date Created:October 30, 2013
Date Uploaded to the Library:November 06, 2013
Autogenerated text from PDF
THE OPEN GOVERNMENT PARTNERSHIP SECOND OPEN GOVERNMENT NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR THE UNITED STATES AMERICA: PREVIEW REPORT October 31, 2013 Introduction Throughout his Administration, President Barack Obama has prioritized making government more open and accountable and has taken substantial steps increase citizen participation, collaboration, and transparency government. the inaugural Open Government Partnership (OGP) meeting September 20, 2011, the President reiterated his belief that the strongest foundation for human progress lies open economies, open societies, and open governments. The United States has worked both domestically and internationally ensure global support for Open Government principles promote transparency, fight corruption, energize civic engagement, and leverage new technologies order strengthen the foundations freedom our own Nation. support these principles, the Administration launched the first U.S. Open Government National Action Plan NAP 2011, set commitments that have increased public integrity, enhanced public access information, improved management public resources, and given the public more active voice the U.S. Government policymaking process. the initial commitments, have been completed and the Administration continues work completing the rest. notable example the progress made since the release the first NAP the successful launch the People, the White House petitions platform that gives Americans direct line voice their concerns the Administration via online petitions. two years, more than 10.35 million users have generated more than 270,000 petitions diverse range topics, including gun violence, which received video response from the President, and unlocking cell phones, which led directly policy action. Building upon these efforts create more efficient, effective, and accountable government, the Administration will issue the second Open Government National Action Plan for the United States America the coming weeks. The new plan will include wide range actions the Administration plans take over the next two years, including commitments that build upon past successes, well several new initiatives. Among these are ambitious new commitments modernize the administration the Freedom Information Act (FOIA) and significantly expand Open Data initiatives across the Federal government increase transparency and fuel entrepreneurship, innovation, and economic growth. This report provides overview new Open Data and FOIA modernization commitments, well highlights additional proposals that the Administration plans announce greater detail the second NAP, which will released December 2013. finalizing the second NAP, the Federal Government will continue work with the general public, broad range civil society groups, and the private sector refine the commitments highlighted this document and share new commitments build more open, transparent, and participatory United States Government. developing the second NAP, Administration policymakers have also sought input from the public via blog post and other interactive online platforms, requesting ideas about how focus efforts continue build Government that more open and accountable. Opening Data the Public Open Data fuels innovation that grows the economy and advances government transparency and accountability. Government data has been used journalists uncover variations hospital billings, citizens learn more about the social services provided charities their communities, and entrepreneurs building new software tools help farmers plan and manage their crops. Building upon the successful implementation open data commitments the first NAP, the second NAP will include commitments make government data more accessible and useful for the public. Through these commitments, the United States will: Manage Government Data Strategic Asset effort make U.S. Government data more accessible and useful, Federal agencies will develop inventory their data and publish list datasets that are public can made public. Agencies will also develop new mechanisms solicit public feedback regarding open government data. Launch Improved Data.gov Data.gov allows the public easily find, download, and use data collected created the Federal Government. The United States will launch new version Data.gov make even easier discover, understand, and use open government data. The new Data.gov will index all Federal agency datasets one easy-to-use catalog. This new site will help developers, researchers, journalists, and other stakeholders find data and will also help the public more easily find tools and resources access government services. Open Agriculture and Nutrition Data Global development, agriculture, and health have been key focus the Administration Open Data Initiatives. expand these efforts internationally, the United States, partnership with the United Kingdom, established the Global Open Data Agriculture and Nutrition (GODAN). GODAN aims increase the quality, quantity, and timeliness available data support agriculture and nutrition efforts well increase the number and diversity stakeholders who are applying data-based solutions improve agriculture and nutrition. This initiative will support public and private global efforts make agriculture and nutrition data more available and easier access. The United States will create interagency group that will promote open data efforts the public and private sectors and encourage new efforts release agriculture and nutrition data. Open Disaster-Related Data Support Prevention and Recovery Efforts Government data used help first responders and survivors make better-informed decisions during the chaos disaster. Expanding the amount disaster-related open government data will increase awareness the effects natural disasters and improve disaster relief and recovery efforts. FEMA, through its OpenFEMA initiative, will release new disaster-related data machine-readable format and host brainstorming sessions build tools that support first responders, survivors, and impacted communities. Modernizing the Freedom Information Act Better Serve the Public his first full day office, President Obama issued memorandum directing presumption openness used Federal agencies responding FOIA requests. The Obama Administration has already made important progress improve the FOIA process simplifying the process filing requests many agencies, proactively disclosing information the public interest advance requests, speeding processing times, greatly reducing FOIA backlogs, and publishing more data FOIA compliance. There still much more that the Administration can improve the FOIA process. The United States committed further modernizing FOIA processes through the following initiatives: Improve the Customer Experience through Consolidated Online FOIA Service More than 100 Federal agencies are subject FOIA. For the average requester, this can mean significant energy spent searching for the right agency and navigating its website figure out the unique process for submitting request that agency. The Administration will launch consolidated request portal that allows the public submit request any Federal agency from single site and includes additional tools improve the customer experience. The United States will establish task force review current practices, seek public input, and determine the best way implement this consolidated FOIA service. Develop Common FOIA Regulations and Practices for Federal Agencies Certain steps the FOIA process are generally shared across Federal agencies. Standardizing these common aspects through core FOIA regulation and common set practices will make easier for requesters understand and navigate the FOIA process and easier for the government keep regulations date. The Administration will initiate interagency process determine the feasibility and the potential content core FOIA regulation that both applicable all agencies and retains flexibility for agency-specific requirements. Improve Internal Agency FOIA Processes Over the past few years, several agencies have analyzed existing FOIA practices and used this information make dramatic improvements their backlogs and processing times, well increase the proactive release information the public interest. The U.S. Government will scale these targeted efforts improve the efficiency agencies with the biggest backlogs, and share broadly the lessons learned and strategies further improve internal agency FOIA processes. Establish FOIA Modernization Advisory Committee Improvements FOIA administration must take into account the views and interests both requesters and the Government. The United States will therefore establish formal FOIA Advisory Committee, comprised government and non-governmental members the FOIA community, foster dialog between the Administration and requester community, solicit public comments, and develop consensus recommendations for improving FOIA administration and proactive disclosures. Improve FOIA Training Across Government Increase Efficiency order efficiently and effectively respond FOIA requests, every Federal employee not just those agency FOIA office should fully understand the FOIA process. The Administration will make standard elearning training resources available for FOIA professionals and other Federal employees and encourage their use. Managing Natural Resources Two years ago, the launch the OGP, President Obama announced the U.S. commitment implement the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), international standard aimed increasing transparency and accountability the payments that companies make and the revenues that governments receive for their natural resources. The United States has actively worked toward increasing revenue transparency and accountability relevant industry sectors, ensuring that American taxpayers receive every dollar due for the extraction the Nation natural resources. The United States continues work toward EITI candidacy, including seeking public comment and feedback the Federal Government candidacy application. The Administration intends publish the first U.S. EITI report 2015 and achieve EITI compliance 2016. The United States plans expand this commitment the second NAP and will issue commitments to: Disclose additional revenues geothermal and renewable energy; Unilaterally disclose all payments received the U.S. Department Interior; Convene process discuss future disclosure timber revenues; and Promote the development innovative open data tools that make extractive data more meaningful for and accessible the American people. effort increase transparency and accountability, the United States will also begin publish annual reports U.S. Government spending fossil fuel subsidies and will share this information with the Group (G-20) and other relevant international bodies. Creating Safer Communities Improving the safety Americans communities across the country continues top priority for the Obama Administration. part commitment the first NAP, the United States launched the Public Safety Data Initiative, the largest multi-agency open data initiative the Federal Government. Agencies including the Department Transportation, Department Justice, Department Labor, Federal Emergency Management Agency, and the Consumer Product Safety Commission have hosted workshops; launched challenges encourage innovative uses the data; and released datasets addressing transportation safety, law officer safety, disaster response and recovery, survivor support, worker safety, and product recall information. The second NAP will include commitments to: Identify and release additional disaster-related data; Harness the power innovation improve emergency management and preparedness; and Continue working combat human trafficking through initiative that pairs civil society groups with technologists design innovative technology solutions. Fiscal Transparency The Administration efforts increase transparency Federal spending have opened new data Federal procurement and financial assistance. The Administration intends further increase the transparency where Federal tax dollars are spent committing to: Engage wide range stakeholders and users Federal spending data determine how best improve the user experience USASpending.gov; Make Federal spending data more easily available open and machine-readable formats; Facilitate the publication key Federal Government contract information not currently available; and Enable Americans more easily identify who receiving tax dollars, where those entities individuals are located, and how much they receive. Corporate Transparency Enhanced transparency legal entities formed the United States will help prevent criminal organizations from abusing legal entities obscure the true ownership and control the businesses they operate, help address tax avoidance, and also help developing countries combat corruption. promote transparency company ownership, the second NAP will include commitments to: Continue advocate for legislation that will require the disclosure meaningful beneficial ownership information for corporations the time company formation; and Promulgate explicit customer due diligence obligation for U.S. financial institutions. The Administration will work enact requirement for U.S. financial institutions identify beneficial owners customers who are legal entities. Market Transparency The Administration ongoing advocacy for corporate and market transparency has already led increased consumer protections for hardworking Americans. clear example the work underway the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) protect consumers from potentially predatory practices. The CFPB launched Know Before You Owe initiative crowdsource and redesign mortgage disclosure forms that costs and risks are clear rather than buried fine print. The Consumer Product Safety Commission released SaferProducts.gov which enables consumers report unsafe products and search for other consumer product complaints. addition, the Department Transportation recently launched similar tool for vehicle safety complaints, publicly releasing volumes consumer complaint data. Building upon these efforts, the second NAP, the United States will commit to: Improve transparency consumer-product-safety information, using collaborative social media, crowdsourcing, and analytics tools create real-time dashboard showing performance and safety issues for certain consumer products. Empowering Citizens and Fostering Open Innovation Creating more Open Government and addressing our Nation most challenging issues requires informed and active citizenry. Citizens are critical economic development the global economy, where trade and investment flow countries protected the rule law that gives citizens the freedom create and develop new ideas. The United States will continue expand opportunities for public participation government, recognizing the value the American public strategic partner addressing some the country most pressing challenges. The second NAP will include U.S. commitments to: Harness the ingenuity the public enabling, accelerating, and scaling the use open innovation methods such incentive prizes, crowdsourcing, and citizen science within the Federal Government; Expand opportunities for public participation the development agency regulations; and Launch pilot collaborative public-private platforms help monitor performance and safety issues for consumer products. Conclusion The Obama Administration remains fully committed building 21st-Century Open Government and fundamentally improving the relationship between citizens and government, demonstrated the significant progress made the United States first two years member the Open Government Partnership. the weeks ahead, the U.S. Government will continue work with partners government well the public and civil society finalize and issue the second NAP. The United States will create and refine commitments highlighted this document and identify new commitments build toward more open, transparent, and participatory United States Government.