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Judicial Watch • JW v State 5th production Huma emails 00684

JW v State 5th production Huma emails 00684

JW v State 5th production Huma emails 00684

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Tags:israel, Susan Rice, libya, al Qaeda, senior, message, Abedin, original, Emails, unclassified, Huma, Pentagon, Hillary Clinton, Benghazi, security, 00684, Secretary, clinton, production, Obama, State Department, White House, FOIA, department, states, united, ICE, CIA


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Obta ined via Judicial Watch Inc.
United States Department State
Washington, D.C. 20520
March 2016
Case No. F-2015-06322
Segment: IPS-OOOlICl, IPS-0001IC2
Mr. William Marshall
425 Third Street SW, Suite 800
Washington, 20024
Dear Mr. Marshall: refer our letter dated January 29, 2015, regarding the release certain Department
State material under the Freedom Information Act (the FOIA), U.S.C. 552. have completed the review additional documents. have determined that
documents may released full, may released with excisions, and must withheld full. All released material enclosed. enclosure explains the FOIA exemptions and other grounds for withholding material.
Where have made excisions, the applicable exemptions are marked each document.
All non-exempt material that reasonably segregable from the exempt material has been
released. For the eight documents withheld full, all were withheld under FOIA Exemption U.S.C. 552 (b)(5). will keep you informed your case progresses. you have any questions, your ~ttorney
may contact Trial Attorney, Caroline Anderson, (202) 305-8645
Caroline.J.Anderson@usdoj.gov. Please refer the case number shown above all
correspondence about this case.
Sincerely,
JUJ a.{_
For
John Hackett, Director
Office Information Programs and Services
Enclosures: stated.
The Freedom Information Act USC 552)
FOIA Exemptions
(b)(1)
Withholding specifically authorized under Executive Order the interest national
defense foreign policy, and properly classified. E.O. 12958, amended, includes
the following classification categories:
1.4(a)
1.4(b)
1.4(c)
1.4(d)
1.4(e)
Military plans, systems, operations
Foreign government information
Intelligence activities, sources methods, cryptology
Foreign relations foreign activities the US, including confidential sources
Scientific, technological, economic matters relating national security,
including defense against transnational terrorism
1.4(f) U.S. Government programs for safeguarding nuclear materials facilities
1.4(g) Vulnerabilities capabilities systems, installations, infrastructures, projects,
plans, protection services relating national security, including defense
against transnational terrorism
1.4(h) Information weapons mass destruction
(b)(2)
Related solely the internal personnel rules and practices agency
(b)(3)
Specifically exempted from disclosure statute (other than USC 552), for example:
ARMEX
CIA
EXPORT
FSA
INA
IRAN
Arms Export Control Act, USC 2778(e)
Central Intelligence Agency Act 1949, USC 403(g)
Export Administration Act 1979, App. USC 2411 (c)(1)
Foreign Service Act 1980, USC 4003 4004
Immigration and Nationality Act, USC 1202(f)
Iran Claims Settlement Act, Sec 505, USC 1701, note
(b)(4)
Privileged/confidential trade secrets, commercial financial information from person
(b)(5)
lnteragency intra-agency communications forming part the deliberative process,
attorney-client privilege, attorney work product
(b)(6)
Information that would constitute clearly unwarranted invasion personal privacy
(b)(7)
Information compiled for law enforcement purposes that would
(A) interfere with enforcement proceedings
(B) deprive person fair trial
(C) constitute unwarranted invasion personal privacy
(D) disclose confidential sources
(E) disclose investigation techniques
(F) endanger life physical safety individual
(b)(8)
Prepared for government agency regulating supervising financial institutions
(b)(9)
Geological and geophysical information and data, including maps, concerning wells
Other Grounds for Withholding
Material not responsive FOIA request, excised with the agreement the requester
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927531 Date: 03/01/2016
Technology growing higher RELEASE FUL
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Barbara
Nielsen, Senior Reviewer
By: U.S. Department State Womens Technology Delegation .to Liberia and Sierra
Leone* Inside the Annie Walsh Memorial School for Girls
Freetown, Sierra Leone, visited small computer lab
established with private donations. the wall was written
simply, Technology growing higher:
Such was the theme our journey thrc:mgh Liberia and Sierra
Leone last week. were brought together Womens
Technology Delegation,,or Tech Del, explore how
technology can empow,er women and girls part Secretary
Clintons 21s1 Centu1y Statecraft efforts, designed r~ach out broad audience help
solve global problems. Technology Delegations are one the first demonstrations Century Statecraft and have happened nine countries date, convening executives
from technology corporations, foundations, ~nd NGOs travel specific country and
meet with foreign government officials, business leaders, entrepreneurs, civil society
groups and. other social actors work together technological solutions foreign policy challenges. were the first technology delegation all women, the first group specifically
exploring how technology can empower women and girls. The Womens Tech D~l was
conceived contribute Secretary Clintons strong commitment women and girls
issues and further her support for mWomen, public-private partnership close the
mobile phone gender gap. Providing women and girls with the choices and chances for
education, economic opportunity, and access health care know she will better her
family,her community and her society. Focusing the well-being women and girls
promotes democracy, promotes stability, and creates more opportunity societies.
Technology and tech based tools caf! provide access some these opportunitie~ both countries, met with women from all walks Iife entrepreneurs, weavers,
teachers, nurses, students, government officials and were genuinely moved their
perseverance, strength and dedication after years war tore apa the region. Our
meetings with President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and.Her .Excellency First Lady Sierra
Leone Mrs. Sia Koroma demonstrated the inspirational leadership the top both
countries. Women from the diasporas returning back their home countries from the
U.S. the U.K. showed endless courage and love for the betterrneQ_t their people.
Josephine George-Francis one such returnee. Josephine came back Liberia 998
during its civil war and after spending nearly years the U.S. Tgetherwith her
daughter; Josephine managing farin that produces rice seeds, mineral water bottling
facilitY and brick making operation. Josephines .businesses employ several dozen
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927531 Date: 03/01/2016
UNCLASSIFIED
u:s.
Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927531 Date: 03/01/2016
Obta ined via Judicial Watch Inc.
people and have beneficial impact farmers the region who can now gain access
high quality rice seed from domestic supplier.
Yet, throughout our journey was also apparent that the challenges Sierra Leone and
Liberia are very real. Sierra Leone, out women die during childbirth, giving
the one the highest maternal mortality rates the world. Liberia 85% the
population unemployed. both countries literacy rates are low and the national power
grid infrastructure and transportation systems are woefully inadequate. When basic
human needs like access clean water, health care, and reliable power source are not
fully addressed, the challenges can feel overwhelming.
Ultimately what learned that, despite civil wars devastating both countries less than
ten years ago, there much possibility Liberia and Sierra Leone, and women are the
driving force. Women played lead role achieving peace Liberia, and they continue lead re-building efforts both countries, alongside men who are actively supporting
womens leadership roles. Still, there much more do. Women are managing their
families, farming the land, running small businesses, holding political offices. They are
determined the positive change they want see their world.
Inspired them throughout our journey last w.eek, made series key
commitments, particularly focusing how technology can enable women and girls
better access information, education, employment and entrepreneurship opportunities. Liberia, the Womens Tech Del has committed explore piloting center that will
train and connect youth, specifically girls, micro-work via the internet. For female
micro-entrepreneurs, will work with the mobile phone industry try expand the
number female retailers cell phone products, such pre-paid airtime. Sierra Leone, the delegation met with dynamic group female entrepreneurs who
own small-to-medium enterprises. will work with this group explore starting
business incubation center that will help them connect each other for networking,
support and sharing best business practices help drive economic opportunities for
women. Training using technology, key business tool will part the center
design both countries, will explore SMS and voice-based information services for health
and civic engagement, well share best practices how mobile phones can used help incentivize increased literacy. appropriate, will also contribute efforts
already underway develop enabling regulatory and m_arket environment expand
access the internet and mobile phones for the people Liberia and Sierra Leone;
today, the internet out reach for most small and medium sized businesses with rates USD$3500 $7000 per month, and though mobile phones are more readily available,~
women Liberia 43% less likely own mobile phone. 44% less likely Sierra
Leone.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927531 Date: 03/01/2016
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927531 Date: 03/01/2016
Technology not silver bullet solve the development challenges witn~ssed
Liberia and Sierra Leone, but can enable change. For the women and girls both
countries, technology growing higher beyond the physical constraints day-today life and- offering small stepladder increased opportunities, and are all
committed help catalyze that change. You too can get involved signing the
mWomen Charter, Women Deserve the Freedom Connect.
*U.S. Department State Womens Technology Delegation Liberia and Sierra Leon~
includes:
Dr. Anne Marie Slaughter, Womens Tech Del Chair, Princeton University,
Professor and Former U.S. Department State Director Policy Planning 2009H, @slaughteram
Francoise Brougher, Vice President Global Advertising and Product
Operations, Google
Shannon Cazeau, Deputy Director for Office Economic Policy for Bureau
African Affairs, U.S. Department State
Ann Mei Chang, Senior Engineer Director for Emerging Markets, Google,
@annmei
Trina DasGupta, mWomen Program Director, GSMA,@TrinaD
Katie Dowd, Senior Advisor for Innovation, U.S. Department State,
@katiewdowd
Leila Chirayath Janah, CEO Founder, Samasource,@leila
Henriette Kolb, CEO, Cherie Blair Foundation for Women, @CherieBlairFndn
Marisa McAuliffe, Chief Staff for Policy Planning, U.S. Department State,
@MarisaMcA
Susan _McCue, CEO, Message Global, LLC, @susanmccue
Maria Thomas, Fornier CEO, Etsy, Inc. @pesmou
Jessica Verrilli, Corporate Development Strategic Initiatives, Twitter,
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927531 Date: 03/01/2016
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927603 Date: 03/01/2016
From:
Sent:
To:
Subject:
Friday, March 11, 2011 1:56
jRELEASE FULQ
Huma Abedin
Re: The Cable: Anne-Marie Slaughter tweets call for intervention Libya
Pis print.
From: Sullivan, Jacob mailto:SullivanJJ@state.gov]
Sent: Thursday, February 24, 2011 01:35
To: Mills, Cheryl 
Subject: FW: The Cable: Anne-Marie Slaughter tweets call for intervention Libya
REVIEW AUTHORITY.
Barbara Nielsen,
Senior Reviewer
FYI
From: Schwerin, Daniel
Sent: Thursday, February 24, 2011 1:30
To: Sullivan, Jacob Fuchs, Michael
Subject: The cable Anne-Marie Slaughter tweets call for intervention Libya
Anne-Marie Slaughter tweets call for intervention Libya
from The tile Josh Rogin
Former State Department Policy Planning Chief Anne-Marie Slaughter used her brand new Twitter account Thursday call for international intervention behalf the Libyan people.
The international community cannot stand and watch the massacre Libyan protesters. Rwanda watched.
Kosovo acted, Slaughter weeted, one her first ever entries. She confirmed The Cable that the Twitter
account genuine.
Slaughter seems enjoying the freedom express her opinions openly following her exit from government. Her
message goes far beyond what President Barack Obama and Secretary State Hillary Clinton have said about the
Libyan crisis.
Both Clinton and Obama have said that all options are the table, but specific decisions have been made how
the international community might respond the unfolding crisis Libya. State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley
said Wed nesday that sanctions and asset freezes are being discussed, but didnt mention military intervention. invoking Rwandan, Slaughter comparing the situation Libya the 1994 bloodshed that saw 800,000 Rwandans
murdered about 100 days clear case genocide. Likewise 1999, NATO bombed the Serbian capital Belgrade
following that governments genocidal actions Kosovo, although U.N. court 2001 decided the situation did not
technically constitute genocide.
Libyas deputy ambassador the United Nations Ibrahim Dabbashl, who resigned this week protest the Libyan
governments brutal crackdown, contended that Col. Muammar al-Qaddafis massacre civilians constitutes genocide,
but U.S. officials have made such statement.
Slaughters other messages her first week Twitter focused how use social networks aid the Arab
uprising spreading throughout the region. thinker and writer foreign affairs who believes that foreign policy must very different the networked
world, she wrote her Twitter bio.
This email UNCLASSIFIED.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927603 Date: 03/01/2016
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927603 Date: 03/01/2016
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927603 Date: 03/01/2016
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927609 Date: 03/01/2016
From:
Sent:
To:
Subject:
Wednesday, March 16, 2011 6:13
Huma Abedin
Fw; World events test Drama Obama
!RELEASE FULLj
Pis print.
From: Mills, Cheryl [mailto:MillsCD@state.gov]
Sent: Wednesday, March 16, 2011 02:26
To:H
Subject: FW: World events test Drama Obama
RE~IEW
[ReviewerAUTHORITY:
Barbara Nielsen, Senior
From: Toiv, Nora
Sent: Wednesday, March 16, 2011 10:39
To: Mills, Cheryl
Subject: World events test Drama Obama
POLITICO
World events test Drama Obama
By:
Glenn Thrush and Josh Gerstein
March 16, 2011 04:33 EDT dizzying succession major world events bombarding president who insists
controlling his own time, emotions and political message.
With Japans nuclear crisis teetering the verge catastrophe, with Libya and Bahrain violent turmofl, and with financial markets crashing response, President Barack
Obama has been adamantly sticking his own political and policy playbook.
That has meant musCling past the red-siren headlines hammer away the jobs-andeducation message that will the centerpiece his 2012 campaign, the kind
discipline that hallmark his new senior adviser, David Plouffe.
And also meant refusing scrap five-day trip Latin America Friday that will take
him sun-dappled Rio Janeiro, among other places, rather than staying home focus the increasingly disastrous international news confronting his crisis-weary White
House.
The president taking this trip because committed growing the economy [and]
rebalancing our national security posture, White House press secretary Jay Carney, shot
back Tuesday whe~ incredulous reporter asked would consider delaying the
five-day swing through Brazil, Chile and Salvador.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927609 Date: 03/01/2016
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927609 Date: 03/01/2016 remains confident can fully execute his job when the road.
But Obamas critics have different take. They say hes exhibiting failure leadership whole range matters, symbolic and substantive, ranging from his lukewarm
support for Libyan no-fly zone his willingness let others, especially Republicans,
take the lead entitlement reform. compendium clips sent reporters the Republican National Committee
Tuesday was headlined: Hiding from Reality: Obamas noticeable lack leadership
illustrates president looking out for himself above all others.
And Obama rnay have given opponents another talking point followi through, despite
the alarming news from overseas, promise appear nine-minute ESPN
segment share his NCAA basketball tournament picks.
Most people when comes Obama, you know what theyre anticipating? His NCAA
brackets, Rush Limbaugh fumed his syndicated radio show Tuesday. Every year
this time people wonder what the presidents brackets are going be, who hes gonna
pick? got the world fire. got Libya and the Middle East fire and the guys out
playing golf, added, referring the round Obama played Sunday.
Republicans say one compelling reason for Obama stay home, work elusive
long-term budget deal with confrontation looming April when the just-completed
three-week stopgap funding measure expires.
How can @BarackObama say leading when puts his NCAA bracket over the budget other pressing issues? new Republican National Committee chairman Reince Priebus
tweeted Tuesday
All this dovetails with larger GOP argument against Obama that was underscored Washington PosUNBC poll released Tuesday that showed Americans giving
Republicans higher scores leadership than him margin percent.
Some questions about Obamas leadership are the results his somewhat detached
style. Friday Obama made Japan centerpiece his news conference, and has
dispatched massive deployment U.S. military and nuclear safety personnel the
region. believe heard him use the phrase today heartbroken what sees
unfolding Japan and the effect the Japanese people, Carney said his briefing
Tuesday.
But some, the response has seemed muted.
Its gap between the kind personal reaction that myself received from American
friends and the somewhat ceremonial, rhetorical statements that Mr. Obama makes
was taken aback. have yet feel any personal feeling coming from Mr. Obama himself,
said Yoshi Komuri, editor-at-large Sankei Shimbun, one Japans leading
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927609 Date: 03/01/2016
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927609 Date: 03/01/2016
newspapers. seems bit remote, too official, thats personal opinion.
Andrew Gordon, director Harvards Reischauer Institute Japanese Studies, said
Obamas handling the Japan crisis far was appropriate, but would wise now for
him make greater overture one his countrys most important allies and trading
partners.
Even compared what people were thinking Friday Saturday, Tuesday this
considerably graver event, for Obama something public and visibly probably
wouldnt bad idea, whether thats Obama going visit the Japanese Embassy
inviting the ambassador the White Ho~se ... sort lay out some ongoing
commitment, said.
The White House dismisses criticism that the president hasnt been sufficiently engaged,
pointing out that Oba.ma has been immersed back-to-back meetings all week the
emerging crises, culminating with Tuesday afternoon gathering his national security
team discuss dwindling set options for Libya.
And they argue that the presidents take-it-in stride approach reflects his-calm
temperament, the demands modem, multi-tasking presidency and his refusal lurch
from crisis crisis.
They also say that breaking routine could, itself, constitute breach leadership
proving hes too willing let circumstance derailed from his objectives.
More important fhan the optics, Obama has also refused make any major policy shifts
response events over the last several weeks.
Despite criticism from conservatives pressing for aggressive action the United States,
hawks, hes waited for NATO and United Nations approve no-fly zone for Libya,
plan that seems less likely than ever given the rout pro-democracy rebels this week.
Nor has heeded demands some fellow Democrats, including Reps. Henry Waxman
(D-Calif.) and Markey (D-Mass.}, that embrace moratorium the construction
new domestic nuclear plants result the Japanese disaster. think its very important make sure that are doing everything can ensure the
safety and effectiveness the nuclear facilities that have, Obama said interview
with local station Pittsburgh Tuesday.
But refused shelve expansion the plants, which are key part his energy
strategy, pledging instead increase efforts ensure that nuclear power safe.
Ive already instructed our nuclear regulatory agency make sure that take lessons
learned from whats happened Japan and that are constantly upgrading how
approach our nuclear safety our country, said.
Ca~ney
told reporters that Obama essentially views events Japan crisis afflicting
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927609 Date: 03/01/2016
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927609 Date: 03/01/2016
foreign country, passing along the views Nuclear Regulatory Commission officials that
even under worst-case scenario, the Fukishima nuclear plant poses next health
risks U.S. citizens the mainland Hawaii.
Given recent events, its hard believe that was barely two months ago that David
Axelrod, Plouffes predecessor, told POLITICO his way out the White House that
finally saw clear field for Obama focus the sole issue believed would decide
the 2012 election jobs.
Since that time, Obama has seen succession challenges and cataclysms not seen
since the financial meltdown inherited when taking office January 2009: rollfng series bloodless revolutions and bloody civil wars have spread through Egypt,
Yemen, Bahrain and Libya; rebellion Tea Party Republicans who threaten scuttle
his plans for big bipartisan budget deal; and then the earthquake, tsunami and n1Jclear
debacle Japan, one-of-a-~ind cryamber ~errors that melds humanitarian tragedy
with terrifying atomic threat. the days ahead, Carney promised, Obama will monitor all major issues, all the time
wherever is.
2011 Capitol News Company, LLC
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927609 Date: 03/01/2016
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927779 Date: 03/01/2016
RELEASE FUL
Dear Secretary Clinton:
July 18, 2011
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Barbara
Nielsen, Senior Reviewer
Again, congratulations are order for Fridays recognition the
Transitional National Council Istanbul. pleasure see the State
Department again leading the administration this. Syri_, too, but that subject for another day. suspect that you have been pushing very hard within the
administration Libya. From the outside, the White House doesnt
seem like cares very much. general, the NSC seems uncomforta~le
with creative applications American power and influence. And all
know the military and the Pentagon resist limited military operations,
especially airpower-only engagements. So, must you and your
colleagues State. Well done.
Some weeks back, when the U.S. first committed oppose Qaddafi
militarily, wrote similar message and you suggested should stay touch. has taken long time take you your suggestion,
for reasons can explain person someday.
Hillary, Libya the right issue for you Secretary State take
leadership role. may not seem that way certain days, but strongly
believe is. offer these observations without knowing your thinking any the details available you, please forgive say the
obvious, make technical errors, misread the internal dynamics, you
think this off-base.)
First and foremost, this winnable. The killing Bin Ladin aside, the
administration really needs solid, substantial success. only
matter time before the combination international airpower and
rebel ground forces close Qaddafi. Although may look like
stalemate from time time, the equation pretty steady: Qaddafi gets
weaJ-----Original Message----> From: 
>Date: Sun, Oct 2011 21:01:35
>To: preines Cc: cheryl.m jake.sulliva Hum~ Abedin_______,
>Subject: Re: WaPo
>There are few factual errors--biggest that the 4-way call was Juppe not Sarkozy. Did talk for minutes HBJ? Can you review for
>other issues
>-----Original Message ---->From,: PIR [mailto:preine
>Sent: Sunday, October 3r1,~.......-..... 8:271
>To:
..._~_ ___, ;Jake Sullivan Cc: COM o
>Below the front page tomorrows Washington Post.
~---~
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927848 Date: 03/01/2016
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927848 Date: 03/01/2016
>Clintons key role Libya conflict Joby Warrick
>Washington Post
>Sunday, Oct 30, 2011
>TRIPOLI, Libya 5:45 p.m. March 19, three hours before the
>official start the air campaign over Libya, four French Rafale jet
>fighters streaked across the Mediterranean coastline attack
>column tanks heading toward the rebel city Benghazi. The jets
>quickly obliterated their targets-and doing nearly upended the
>international alliance coming Benghazis rescue.
>Frances head start the air war infuriated Italys prime minister,
>who accused Paris upstaging NATO. Silvio Berlusconi warned darkly
>of cutting access Italian air bases vital the alliances warplanes. nearly broke the coalition, said European diplomat who had
>front-row seat the events and who spoke the condition
>anonymity discuss sensitive matters between allies. Yet, the rift
>was quickly patched, thanks frenzied but largely unseen lobbying
>effort that kept the coalition from unraveling its opening hours.
>That, the diplomat said, was Hillary.
>Seven months later, with longtime American nemesis Moammar Gaddafi
>dead and Libyas onetime rebels now charge, the coalition air campaign has emerged foreign policy success for the Obama
>administration and its most famous Cabinet member, Secretary State Hillary Rodham Clinton.
>Some Republicans derided the effort ,;leading from behind while many others questioned why President Obama was entangling the nation another overseas military campaign that had little strategic
>urgency and scant public support. But with NATO operations likely ending this week, U.S.
>officials and key allies are offering detailed new defense the
>approach and Clintons pivotal role both within divided Cabinet
>and fragile, assembled-on-the-fly international alliance.
>What emerges from these accounts picture Clinton using her mixture political pragmatism and tenacity referee spats among
>NATO partners, secure crucial backing from Arab countries and tutor rebels the fine points message-management. Clinton, interview, acknowledged periods anguish and buyers remorse during the seven months the campaign. But she said,
>set into motion policy that was the right side history, the
>right side our values, the right side our strategic interests the region. From skeptic advocate
>During the initial weeks unrest Libya, Clinton was among the
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927848 Date: 03/01/2016
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927848 Date: 03/01/2016
>White House officials clinging fading hopes that Gaddafi might fall
>without any help from the West.
>From the first armed resistance Feb. until March the disorganized opposition movement appeared roll, taking
>control Libyan cities from Benghazi Brega and Misurata the
>Mediterranean coast. But single, bloody week, Gaddafi loyalists
>turned rebel gains into rout, crushing resistance towns across
>Libya before marshaling forces for final drive against Benghazi, the last opposition stronghold.
>With Gaddafi threatening slaughter Benghazis population like rats, the rebel leaders pleaded for Western intervention, including
>no-fly zone. The appeal garnered support Europe, particularly among
>French and British officials who began working the text U.N
>Security Council resolution that would authorize the use military
>against the Libyan autocrat.
>But the idea no-fly zone drew skepticism from within the Obama
>White House. Some officials, most notably then-Defense Secretary
>Robert Gates, opposed military intervention. And Clinton, during
>two trips Europe early March, made clear that Washington was not
>eager lead politically risky military campaign against yet another Muslim country.
>She was loath see Gaddafi trouncing aspiring democrats his country and menacing fledgling governments neighboring Egypt and
>Tunisia. But Clinton told aides, who later described the
>administrations inner workings the condition anonymity, that
>the hard reality was that no-fly zone, itself, might make things worse
>We were opposed doing something symbolic that was the worst
>both worlds, said one the aides. would have crossed the
>threshold [of intervention) without accomplishing anything.
>Clinton had drawn list conditions that included formal request Arab states for intervention. March 12, the 22-nation
>Arab League did exactly that, voting ask for U.N approval
>military no-fly zone over Libya
>The next day, March 13, Clinton traveled Paris for meeting
>with foreign ministers from the Group countries. the marbled
>conference rooms Pariss Westin Hotel, she sat down for the first
>time with Mahmoud Jibril, the interim leader Libyas fledgling
>Transitional National Council. She also met privately with Gulf
>diplomats gauge Arab willingness send warplanes enforce possible no-fly zone. And she huddled with Russian Foreign Minister
>Sergei Lavrov, whose countrys veto potentially could block any intervention effort the United Nations. When she went Paris, there were instructions from the White
>House whether support strong action Libya, said se~ior
>State Department official. Yet, within three days, the official said,
>Clinton began see way forward.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927848 Date: 03/01/2016
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927848 Date: 03/01/2016
>This was opportunity for the United States respond Arab
>request for help, the official said. would increase U.S. standing
>in the Arab world, and would send important signal forthe Arab Spring movement.
>By March 15, when Clinton spoke with President Obama phone brief
>him orvthe meetings, she had become strong advocate for U.S.
>intervention, one administration official said. The president, who had
>been weighing arguments from sharply divided Cabinet for several days, sided with his secretary state.
>Clinton was halfway across the Atlantic March when resolution
>went before the U.N. Security Council authorizing Libyan
>intervention with all necessary means U.N. code for military
>force. From the plane, Clinton worked the phones while the
>administrations ambassador the United Nations, Susan Rice, met
>with counterparts line votes and ensure that both Russia and China wpuld withhold their vetoes.
>The resolution passed, with five countries abstaining. Keeping alliance together
>The French air attack that angered the Italians two days later grew
>from French President Nicolas Sarkozys desire launch early,
>symbolic strike before the official start the campaign. The White
>House did not object Sarkozy had been key advocate military
>intervention, and French leadership Libya hpd boosted the presidents popularity home. But the other allies were wary. France had floated the idea
>command stru~ture distinct from NATO, that would include some Arabs
>while excluding Germany and other opponents intervention. Italy and
>Turkey, meanwhile, insisted NATO control and threatened boycott any other arrangement.
>The early French attack deepened suspicions the two countries that
>Sarkozy harbored hidden agendas and different agendas, Turkish
>President Abdullah Gui would later say. With the alliance threatening unravel, Clinton focused damage control.
>She spent hours the phone and person with Berlusconi and Italian
>Foreign Minister Franco Frattini, who eventually played crucial roles
>in providing air bases staging grounds for attacks.
>The details the military command were ultimately decided
>four-way conference call between Clinton and Sarkozy, British Foreign
>Secretary William Hague and Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Oavutoglu.
>Yet even that conflict cooled, another one was erupting.
>Several Arab states, including Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and
>Jordan, had agreed supply warplanes and pilots the coalition symbolic show support Muslim countries for military action against Libya. But three days into the bombing campaign, the Arabs appeared backing away, concerned the possibility backlash their own
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927848 Date: 03/01/2016
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927848 Date: 03/01/2016
>countries and angered U.S. criticism the Saudi-led military
>intervention Bahrain put down uprising there. March 24,
>Qatars four promised jets still had not yet made appearance over Libya, and the United Arab Emirates and Jordan had announced that they would provide only humanitarian assistance.
>In bid woo the Arabs back into the alliance, Clinton spoke for
>minutes phone with Sheik Hamad bin Jassim Al-Thani, t~e Qatari
>foreign minister, while also making repeated calls the UAE Sheikh
>Abdullah bin Zayed Nahyan and Jordans King Abdullah II.
>This important the United States, its important the
>president and its important me, personally, Clinton told Arab
>leaders, according one the State Department official. March 25, Qatari-flagged Mirage 2000 jets flew their first sorties over Libya, All three countries eventually would supply military
>aircraft and experienced pilots the Libyar campaign.
>Getting past stalemate
>The NATO-led air campaign quickly pushed Gaddafis forces from Benghazi. But May, the alliances planes were patrolling front lines that barely moved.
>In Washington and Europe, the word stalemate began creep into
>opinion columns lawmakers, skeptical U.S. policy Libya, began
>threatening block funds for military operations there. Meanwhile, cash crunch also loomed for the rebels, who were unable sell oil
>and were legally blocked from tapping into Gaddafis overseas bank accounts. early July, they had run out money for weapons, food
>and other critical supplies.
>Clinton, ignoring the advice the State Departments lawyers,
>convinced Obama grant full diplomatic recognition the rebels,
>move that allowed the Libyans access billions dollars from Gaddafis frozen accounts. meeting Istanbul July 15, she
>pressed other Western and Arab governments make the same declaration.
>She brought everyone over once, said Western diplomat who
>attended the Istanbul meeting.
>Tripoli fell five weeks later, after relatively small U.S. expenditure billion, and with regular U.S. troops the ground. the air
>campaign, U.S. jets flew less than third the missions but
>supplied critical support air refueling, surveillance and logistics
>for sorties flown more than dozen other nations.
>Still, heros welcome
>The political benefits Clinton and Obama remain far from clear. many Libyans and others the Muslim world, the lasting impression
>from the campaign that reluctant America, slow intervene
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927848 Date: 03/01/2016
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department State Case No. F-2015-06322 Doc No. C05927848 Date: 03/01/2016
>and happy let others take the lead While Sarkozy and British Prime Minister David Cameron were given heroes welcomes during victory laps
>through Libya last month, Clinton was confronted during her recent
>Tripoli visit with questions about why the United States had not done more:
>Many people feel that the United States has taken back seat, one
>student told her.
>U.S. critics the administrations policy say the administrations Libya policy, while ultimately successful, emblematic slow and
>haphazard response the Arab Spring uprisings. Earlier intervention might have prevented the conflict from ever reaching that dangerous precipice, said Michael Singh, former
>senior director for Middle East affairs