UN DPI NGO Meeting re International Day Against Nuclear Tests AUG 31, 2016
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Date Created:December 19, 2016
Date Uploaded to the Library:December 19, 2016
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Observance the International Day Against Nuclear Tests informal meeting the United Nations General Assembly was held the Trusteeship Council Headquarters New York Wednesday, August 31, 2016, commemorate the annual Observance the International Day Against Nuclear Tests. was December 2009, Resolution 64/35, the United Nations declared August observed annually the International Day Against Nuclear Tests. The annual observance devoted educating the public about the effects nuclear weapons explosions and testing and the goal achieving nuclear-weapons-free world. Judicial Watch NGO representative was attendance this commemoration associate member the Department Public Information (DPI/NGO)1 measure progress and discuss challenges and opportunities, High-Level Panel was convened around the theme Strengthening the Global Norm Against Nuclear Tests and the CTBT@20 (Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty). The Chair the CTBT Prep Com Vienna, H.E. Cristian Istrate, was moderator the panel and speakers included: Mr. Kim Won-soo, Under Secretary-General and High Representative For Disarmament Affairs, United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs; Dr. Lassina Zerbo, Executive Secretary, Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive NuclearTest-Ban Treaty Organization; H.E. Amatlain Elizabeth Kabua, Permanent Representative the Marshall Islands the United Nations; H.E. Laura Elena Flores Herrera, Permanent Representative Panama the United Nations; and Mr. Randy Rydell, Mayors for Peace. The date for the annual observance, August 29, 1991, marks Kazakhstan landmark decision close the Semipalatinsk Test Site the largest nuclear test site the world. also marked the beginning worldwide movement towards the implementation comprehensive international nuclear weapons test ban treaty furtherance the ultimate goal nuclear-weapons-free world. And this year marked the 25th anniversary Kazakhstan closure the Semipalatinsk Test Site and the anniversaries other major developments resulting from that decision, include the 20th anniversary the opening for signature the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) September 10, 1996, and the 10th anniversary the signing the Judicial Watch associated with the United Nations Department Public Information (UN-DPI) nongovernmental organization, whose mission promote transparency, accountability and integrity government, politics and the law. fulfills its educational mission through litigation, investigations, and public outreach. Its International Program serves integral part its educational program. Since 2001, has been meeting with delegations from all over the world who participate U.S. State Departmentsponsored leadership programs. 65th DPI.NGO Conference Central Asian Nuclear Weapons Free Zone (CANWFZ) treaty September 2006.2 (There are five Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone treaties, with the Central Asian treaty the most recent ratified.3) Opening Statements given high-level officials and behalf the SecretaryGeneral, invited speakers, and prepared statements ambassadors countries from all over the world, the message was the same: there ever increasing urgency ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), and with united voice they called those states who have yet sign and ratify the treaty so.4 Although the treaty opened for signature over years ago, India, Pakistan, and North Korea have not yet signed the treaty and nuclear-capable states have not ratified (Russia, France, China, the United States, and the United Kingdom, along with the three non-signatory states noted above. Entry the CTBT into force requires the signature and ratification all states.5 However, since the signing the CTBT 1996, moratorium nuclear weapons testing has been observed all states, except for the Democratic People Republic Korea which faces ongoing Security Council-approved sanctions and the condemnation the international community. The President the United Nations General Assembly stated that moratorium nuclear weapons testing today facto international norm, but remains fragile without entry into force the CTBT. The 25th anniversary the closure the nuclear test site was also the anniversary Kazakhstan independence from the former Soviet Union 1991. this rich piece history the breakup the Soviet Union that provides insight into why, that time, Kazakhstan closed its nuclear weapons test site and rid itself nuclear weapons. the The CANWFZ Treaty was signed the Semipalatinsk Test Site the anniversary its closing 2006 Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan establishing nuclearweapon-free zone. May 2014, all five Permanent Members the Security Council and nuclear weapons states signed Protocol the treaty providing legally binding assurances not use threaten use nuclear weapons against CANWFZ treaty partners. (United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA), http://disarmament.un.org/treaties/t/canwfz, accessed October 27, 2016.) There are currently five Nuclear Weapon Free Zone treaties (NWFZs) comprising 115 states and include percent all Member States. The five zones cover the entire southern hemisphere. (United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA), https://www.un.org/disarmament/wmd/nuclear/nwfz/, accessed October 27, 2016.) The U.S., under President George Bush, signed the treaty the day opened for signature September 10, 1996, but faced stiff opposition the Senate for full ratification. (Arms Control Association, https://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/ctbtsig, accessed October 27, 2016.) Currently,183 states have signed and 164 have ratified the CTBT. (CTBTO Preparatory Commission, preparatory commission for the comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty organization, https://www.ctbto.org/the-treaty/status-of-signature-and-ratification/, accessed October 27, 2016.) 65th DPI.NGO Conference officially authorized biography, Nazarbayev And The Making Modern Kazakhstan, President Nazarbayev, who became the nations first president following its independence 1991 and continues president today, said Kazakhstan was realistic about its inability master the technicalities and pay the costs maintaining the missiles stationed its soil, and that was President with long history opposition the presence nuclear installations his country. However, was not going renounce possession Kazakhstans nuclear weapons without getting something return. order words, Kazakhstan decision give its nuclear weapons was based more realpolitik, than principled self-sacrificing choice, keeping with its carefully crafted public image. For that exchange, President Nazarbayev accepted substantial U.S. aid for the technical work getting rid the weapons, along with security guarantees and the status (being) responsible member the international community. Following the panel discussion, the commemoration turned states ambassadors for their written statements concerning their affirmation regarding the Observance the International Day Against Nuclear Tests. For the most part, states reconfirmed their support the CTBT and called the remaining states ratify the treaty. Other notable areas consensus the states and suggested focus for improvement included the following: recognition that although not ratified, there facto norm against nuclear testing that has been observed all states the last years, except North Korea; further compel the remaining holdouts bring about ratification, there need engage civil society, NGOs, and youth; Improvement needed make the verification system operational order strengthen the testing ban; recognition the need reduce nuclear weapons globally; recognition the myth survivability nuclear war and the need for further education the hard truth about weapons mass destruction; and concern that due the failure the international community fully ratify the CTBT after years the issue will continue lose traction. The sense that this commemoration was different than previous ones conducted over the last years found support the statement given H.E. Amatlain Elizabeth Kabua, Permanent Representative the Marshall Islands the United Nations, who her remarks, applauded the planners the commemoration for its excellent work and the excellent speeches U.N. dignitaries and invited speakers but tellingly added that Joshua Kucera, Published EurasiaNet.org (http://www.eurasianet.org), Why Did Kazakhstan Give Its Nukes? May 15, 2013, http://www.eurasianet.org/print/66967, accessed October 28, 2016. 65th DPI.NGO Conference there clearly lack political will which won resolved repeating again and again. And the urgency for ratification the treaty noted this year commemoration arising out North Korea continued defiance the nuclear weapons test ban only served strengthen the resolve the anti-ratification arm the U.S. Congress. Just one week following this year commemoration, September 2016, letter signed Republican senators warned President Obama against bypassing the Senate through Security Council endorsement the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, stating: time when rogue nation like North Korea directly violating Security Council resolutions meant prevent further development nuclear weapons, the senators questioned the wisdom banning further American tests weapons that help deter such aggression and diminishing the role the Senate advice and consent.7 And just one day following the senators warning President Obama, underscore their position, North Korea brazenly conducted its fifth and most powerful nuclear weapons test. The 20th commemoration celebrated the continued moratorium nuclear weapons testing observed all states except one and the slow but sustained progress the establishment nuclear-weapons-free zones. There was, however, change the movement towards ratification the CTBT the remaining nuclear weapons states and, more importantly, plan action initiative prevent North Korea from continuing conduct nuclear weapons tests defiance the entire international community. Judicial Watch mission the promotion transparency and accountability government, politics, and the law cornerstone good governance the most influential nation the world, the United States America. set forth its Mission Statement, through its educational endeavors, Judicial Watch advocates high standards ethics and morality the nation public life and seeks ensure that political and judicial officials not abuse the powers entrusted them the American people. Judicial Watch fulfills its educational mission through litigation, investigations, and public outreach. The International Program integral part its educational program. Isakson, Perdue Warn Obama Against Bypassing Senate Nuclear Testing, News Releases U.S. Senator Johnny Isakson, September 2016, http://www.isakson.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/2016/9 /isakson-perdue-warn-obama-against-bypassing-senate-on-nuclear-testing, accessed October 28, 2016.