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Judicial Watch • UN DPI NGO Meeting re International Day Against Nuclear Tests AUG 31, 2016

UN DPI NGO Meeting re International Day Against Nuclear Tests AUG 31, 2016

UN DPI NGO Meeting re International Day Against Nuclear Tests AUG 31, 2016

Page 1: UN DPI NGO Meeting re International Day Against Nuclear Tests AUG 31, 2016

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Date Created:December 19, 2016

Date Uploaded to the Library:December 19, 2016

Tags:Tests, kazakhstan, Korea, Day, NGO, weapons, Treaty, DPI, Nuclear, copy, Aug, Nations, 2016, north, Council, International, September, meeting, president, Obama, states, united


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Observance the International Day
Against Nuclear Tests informal meeting the United Nations General Assembly was held the
Trusteeship Council Headquarters New York Wednesday, August 31, 2016, commemorate the annual Observance the International Day Against Nuclear
Tests. was December 2009, Resolution 64/35, the United Nations declared
August observed annually the International Day Against Nuclear Tests.
The annual observance devoted educating the public about the effects nuclear
weapons explosions and testing and the goal achieving nuclear-weapons-free world. Judicial Watch NGO representative was attendance this commemoration
associate member the Department Public Information (DPI/NGO)1 measure progress and discuss challenges and opportunities, High-Level Panel
was convened around the theme Strengthening the Global Norm Against Nuclear
Tests and the CTBT@20 (Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty). The Chair the
CTBT Prep Com Vienna, H.E. Cristian Istrate, was moderator the panel and
speakers included: Mr. Kim Won-soo, Under Secretary-General and High Representative
For Disarmament Affairs, United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs; Dr. Lassina
Zerbo, Executive Secretary, Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive NuclearTest-Ban Treaty Organization; H.E. Amatlain Elizabeth Kabua, Permanent
Representative the Marshall Islands the United Nations; H.E. Laura Elena Flores
Herrera, Permanent Representative Panama the United Nations; and Mr. Randy
Rydell, Mayors for Peace.
The date for the annual observance, August 29, 1991, marks Kazakhstan landmark
decision close the Semipalatinsk Test Site the largest nuclear test site the world.
also marked the beginning worldwide movement towards the implementation
comprehensive international nuclear weapons test ban treaty furtherance the
ultimate goal nuclear-weapons-free world.
And this year marked the 25th anniversary Kazakhstan closure the Semipalatinsk
Test Site and the anniversaries other major developments resulting from that decision, include the 20th anniversary the opening for signature the Comprehensive Test
Ban Treaty (CTBT) September 10, 1996, and the 10th anniversary the signing the
Judicial Watch associated with the United Nations Department Public Information (UN-DPI)
nongovernmental organization, whose mission promote transparency, accountability and integrity
government, politics and the law. fulfills its educational mission through litigation, investigations, and
public outreach. Its International Program serves integral part its educational program. Since 2001, has been meeting with delegations from all over the world who participate U.S. State Departmentsponsored leadership programs.
65th DPI.NGO Conference
Central Asian Nuclear Weapons Free Zone (CANWFZ) treaty September 2006.2
(There are five Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone treaties, with the Central Asian treaty the
most recent ratified.3) Opening Statements given high-level officials and behalf the SecretaryGeneral, invited speakers, and prepared statements ambassadors countries
from all over the world, the message was the same: there ever increasing urgency
ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), and with united voice they called those states who have yet sign and ratify the treaty so.4
Although the treaty opened for signature over years ago, India, Pakistan, and North
Korea have not yet signed the treaty and nuclear-capable states have not ratified
(Russia, France, China, the United States, and the United Kingdom, along with the three
non-signatory states noted above. Entry the CTBT into force requires the signature and
ratification all states.5
However, since the signing the CTBT 1996, moratorium nuclear weapons
testing has been observed all states, except for the Democratic People Republic
Korea which faces ongoing Security Council-approved sanctions and the
condemnation the international community. The President the United Nations
General Assembly stated that moratorium nuclear weapons testing today
facto international norm, but remains fragile without entry into force the CTBT.
The 25th anniversary the closure the nuclear test site was also the anniversary
Kazakhstan independence from the former Soviet Union 1991. this rich piece
history the breakup the Soviet Union that provides insight into why, that time,
Kazakhstan closed its nuclear weapons test site and rid itself nuclear weapons. the
The CANWFZ Treaty was signed the Semipalatinsk Test Site the anniversary its closing
2006 Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan establishing nuclearweapon-free zone. May 2014, all five Permanent Members the Security Council and nuclear
weapons states signed Protocol the treaty providing legally binding assurances not use threaten use nuclear weapons against CANWFZ treaty partners. (United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs
(UNODA), http://disarmament.un.org/treaties/t/canwfz, accessed October 27, 2016.)
There are currently five Nuclear Weapon Free Zone treaties (NWFZs) comprising 115 states and include percent all Member States. The five zones cover the entire southern hemisphere. (United Nations
Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA), https://www.un.org/disarmament/wmd/nuclear/nwfz/, accessed
October 27, 2016.)
The U.S., under President George Bush, signed the treaty the day opened for signature
September 10, 1996, but faced stiff opposition the Senate for full ratification. (Arms Control
Association, https://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/ctbtsig, accessed October 27, 2016.)
Currently,183 states have signed and 164 have ratified the CTBT. (CTBTO Preparatory Commission,
preparatory commission for the comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty organization,
https://www.ctbto.org/the-treaty/status-of-signature-and-ratification/, accessed October 27, 2016.)
65th DPI.NGO Conference
officially authorized biography, Nazarbayev And The Making Modern Kazakhstan,
President Nazarbayev, who became the nations first president following its independence 1991 and continues president today, said Kazakhstan was realistic about its
inability master the technicalities and pay the costs maintaining the missiles
stationed its soil, and that was President with long history opposition the
presence nuclear installations his country. However, was not going
renounce possession Kazakhstans nuclear weapons without getting something
return. order words, Kazakhstan decision give its nuclear weapons was based more
realpolitik, than principled self-sacrificing choice, keeping with its carefully
crafted public image. For that exchange, President Nazarbayev accepted substantial
U.S. aid for the technical work getting rid the weapons, along with security
guarantees and the status (being) responsible member the international
community.
Following the panel discussion, the commemoration turned states ambassadors for
their written statements concerning their affirmation regarding the Observance the
International Day Against Nuclear Tests. For the most part, states reconfirmed their
support the CTBT and called the remaining states ratify the treaty. Other
notable areas consensus the states and suggested focus for improvement included
the following: recognition that although not ratified, there facto norm against nuclear
testing that has been observed all states the last years, except North
Korea; further compel the remaining holdouts bring about ratification, there
need engage civil society, NGOs, and youth;
Improvement needed make the verification system operational order
strengthen the testing ban; recognition the need reduce nuclear weapons globally; recognition the myth survivability nuclear war and the need for
further education the hard truth about weapons mass destruction; and concern that due the failure the international community fully ratify the
CTBT after years the issue will continue lose traction.
The sense that this commemoration was different than previous ones conducted over
the last years found support the statement given H.E. Amatlain Elizabeth Kabua,
Permanent Representative the Marshall Islands the United Nations, who her
remarks, applauded the planners the commemoration for its excellent work and the
excellent speeches U.N. dignitaries and invited speakers but tellingly added that
Joshua Kucera, Published EurasiaNet.org (http://www.eurasianet.org), Why Did Kazakhstan Give
Its Nukes? May 15, 2013, http://www.eurasianet.org/print/66967, accessed October 28, 2016.
65th DPI.NGO Conference
there clearly lack political will which won resolved repeating again and
again.
And the urgency for ratification the treaty noted this year commemoration arising
out North Korea continued defiance the nuclear weapons test ban only served
strengthen the resolve the anti-ratification arm the U.S. Congress. Just one week
following this year commemoration, September 2016, letter signed
Republican senators warned President Obama against bypassing the Senate through
Security Council endorsement the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, stating: time when rogue nation like North Korea directly violating
Security Council resolutions meant prevent further development
nuclear weapons, the senators questioned the wisdom banning further
American tests weapons that help deter such aggression and
diminishing the role the Senate advice and consent.7
And just one day following the senators warning President Obama, underscore
their position, North Korea brazenly conducted its fifth and most powerful nuclear
weapons test.
The 20th commemoration celebrated the continued moratorium nuclear weapons
testing observed all states except one and the slow but sustained progress the
establishment nuclear-weapons-free zones. There was, however, change the
movement towards ratification the CTBT the remaining nuclear weapons states
and, more importantly, plan action initiative prevent North Korea from
continuing conduct nuclear weapons tests defiance the entire international
community.
Judicial Watch mission the promotion transparency and accountability
government, politics, and the law cornerstone good governance the most
influential nation the world, the United States America. set forth its Mission
Statement, through its educational endeavors, Judicial Watch advocates high standards ethics and morality the nation public life and seeks ensure that political and
judicial officials not abuse the powers entrusted them the American people.
Judicial Watch fulfills its educational mission through litigation, investigations, and
public outreach. The International Program integral part its educational
program.
Isakson, Perdue Warn Obama Against Bypassing Senate Nuclear Testing, News Releases U.S.
Senator Johnny Isakson, September 2016, http://www.isakson.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/2016/9
/isakson-perdue-warn-obama-against-bypassing-senate-on-nuclear-testing, accessed October 28, 2016.